Al-Tasawwuf Fil-Islam

Al-Tasawwuf Fil-Islam

This is an Islamic App based on an Islamic Book, which is written by Mufti. Ghulam Rasool

Qasmi. Haqiqat e Tasawwuf consists of 16 Pages. It covers different aspects of Islamic

teachings. This app tells us about meaning of Tasawwuf according to Quran and Sunah, Tobah,

Safa-e-Qalab, Safa-e-Sar and Tazkia-e-Nafs by Question And Answer in Urdu.




Umrah Guide in Urdu

Umrah Guide in Urdu

Complete guideline about Umrah

Necessary and Basic information about Umrah and tells user about how to do Umrah. And

information about Background, Meaning, Pillars and Rights of Performing Umrah. It covers

all information regarding all steps of Umra, i.e. Ihram, Intention, Meeqat, Reaching Haram,

Tawaf e Kabha, Saee, and Shaving Head.

A comprehensive guide to all the steps and duas related to Umrah in Urdu language.
Includes step-by-step instructions, all the steps you have to perform and duas for before,

during and after performing Umrah with Urdu translation.

Umrah ka qadam ba qadam tariqa kaar aur tamaam masnoon duaen.
Umrah se pehle, doran and baad ki masnoon duaen and tariqa kaar urdu translation ke saath.

Do not forget to rate the app 5 stars if it helped you. Jazak Allah.

Umrah Ka Tariqa, Umra for women, Umrah guide, Urdu, Umrah and Hajj step-by-step,

instructions, Dua




The Family of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Egypt

The Family of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Egypt

The Family of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Egypt.
A great book on Islam written by Allama Muhammad Jalal Raza Al Azhari. This book has detailed information of our Beloved Prophet (PBUH) Family in Egypt.
Compiled by:
Muhammad Jalal Raza
Fadil Jamia Nizamiya, HyderabadIndia
B.A. Al Azhar University, Egypt
M.A. Cairo University, Egypt.



Government job ads in Pakistan

Government job ads in Pakistan

This is an REF App based on about Placement Solution is collecting Government jobs / vacancies appearing in different News Papers of Pakistan.
obs, job search, construction jobs, list of jobs, graduate jobs, find jobs, retail jobs, pharmaceutical jobs, job websites, kbr jobs, looking for job, job vacancies, job search engines, shipping jobs, jobs, executive job search, irish jobs, it job board, jobs in limerick, job site, fmcg jobs, entry level jobs, google jobs, summer jobs, facilities management jobs, att jobs, job,,,, local jobs,, nursing jobs,, jobs from home,, jobs search, best jobs, job openings, jobs at home, home jobs, safe way jobs, home depot jobs, search for jobs, driving jobs,, times, hot,, Pak Press Ads, epaperpk,Popular Jobs in Pakistan,jobs in Pakistan, jobs in sindh, jobs in punjab, jobs in khyber pakhtunkhwa, jobs in balochistan, jobs in azad jammu and kashmir, jobs in gilgit baltistan, jobs in islamabad, jobs in rawalpindi, jobs in karachi, jobs in hyderabad, jobs in lahore, jobs in peshawar, jobs in quetta, jobs in faisalabad, jobs in multan, jobs in gujranwala, jobs in sialkot, jobs in sargodha, jobs in sahiwal, jobs in government departments, jobs in wapda, jobs in Pakistan international airline PIA, jobs in railway, jobs in OGDCL, jobs in federal, jobs in public service commission, jobs in development authority, jobs in NESPAK, jobs in civil court, jobs in district and session court, jobs in high court, jobs in supreme court, jobs in motorway police, jobs in patrolling police, jobs in rescue 1122, jobs in fisheries department, jobs in livestock and dairy sector, jobs in fauji fertilizer, jobs in engro, jobs in pak arab, jobs in establishment division, jobs in atomic energy, jobs in information technology IT, jobs in nestle, jobs in uni liver, jobs in agriculture, jobs in higher education commission, jobs in pakistan army, jobs in Pakistan air force, jobs in pakistan navy, jobs in health sector, jobs in banking sector, jobs in vocational training institute, jobs in public sector organization, jobs in TEVTA, female jobs, jobs in universities, jobs in pharmaceutical companies, doctors jobs, jobs in medical, jobs in hospitals, jobs in newspapers, jobs in dawn newspaper, jobs in daily jang newspaper, jobs in express newspaper, jobs in nawaiwaqt newspaper, jobs in the news newspaper, jobs in the nation newspaper, jobs in kawish newspaper, jobs in mashriq newspaper, jobs in daily pakistan newspaper, jobs in ausaf newspaper, jobs in khabrain newspaper, jobs in engineering, jobs in DESCON, jobs in aga khan, jobs in cement factories, jobs in provincial departments, jobs in ptcl, jobs in ntc, jobs in telecom, jobs in fauji foundation, jobs in UNDP, jobs in united nations, jobs in veterinary and animal health sector, jobs in irrigation sector, abroad jobs, overseas jobs, jobs in COMSATS, jobs in board of revenue, jobs in teaching, jobs in education sector, jobs in private companies, jobs in civil aviation, jobs in Pakistan State Oil PSO, Jobs in pakistan oil fields, gulf jobs, job advertisements, career opportunities, careers, daily mashriq, daily mashriq news, daily mashriq newspaper, express, express news, express newspaper, jobs careers employment, jobs careers employment monster, free classified ad, classified ads, free classifieds, dawn, dawn news, dawn newspaper, employment opportunities, jang, jang news, jang newspaper, job, job vacancy, job vacancies, search job, job search, job opportunities, job openings, job postings, job listings, job seeker, jobs, hot jobs, jobs career, jobs careers, jobs vacancies, kawish, kawish news, kawish newspaper, nawaiwaqt, nawaiwaqt news, nawaiwaqt newspaper, news, news newspaper



Holy Quran Android Mobile APP

Holy Quran Android Mobile APP (.apk)
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Auraton K Khasosi Masayel by Nusrat Fatima)
This book express or describe the basic problems or issues of woman which related with woman not man. But its does meant that this book is only for woman. Man also read this book because 100% women are not educated and nor have knowledge about these problems. So its necessary for each man or husband to know about these problems and guide his wife. Because all those problems which discuss in this book are face every woman in life not once but more than once.


Pakistan Science Foundation Scholarship 2018 for Matric Students

Good news for the student of Matric class because the Government of Pakistan has announced the scholarship of Rs.10,000/- per month which will be awarded to deserving and intelligent students of matric class. The scholarship will be given through Pakistan Science Foundation. The interested candidates in the scholarship are strongly recommended to apply online at National Testing System (NTS). A test consisting on objective type will be conducted by the NTS to select the intelligence and deserving candidates. Application forms can be downloaded from the official website of NTS. Downloaded form along with requisite documents should be submitted to NTS Headquarter, the Islamabad through courier.


The Pakistan Science Foundation commonly known as PSF is federal government institutions was established to promote and fund the students getting science education across the country. It is being supervised by the Ministry of Science & Technology of Government of Pakistan. It is also operated and administrated by Pakistan Museum of National History. The department has done splendidly since its creation. The department has been succeeded to promote education in the country. PSF is awarded scholarship and other benefits to deserving students to continue their education. Thousands of students are getting higher education due to scholarship is being given by the PSF. This scholarship is available for every student of matric class. However, the test will be taken conducted by NTS. Only intelligent candidates will be selected after test. The eligibility criteria are given as under:-


Pakistan Science Foundation Scholarship
Pakistan Science Foundation Scholarship


Eligibility Criteria:

Terms and conditions of scholarships are mentioned on the official website of PSF. The last date for submission of admissions form has been declared as 30th July 2018. The admission form can be downloaded from the official website of the National Testing System (NTS). The filled scholarship should be submitted to the office of National Testing System located at Plot # 96, Street # 4, H-8/1, Islamabad.


The candidates should be capable to fulfill the requirements of the scholarship. You must remember to read the following eligibility criteria before applying:-

  1. Applicant must have the certificate of matriculation with at least 60% overall and 70% in science subjects (Chemistry, Mathematics physics, and biology or computer science).
  2. Furthermore, students waiting for results are also eligible to apply on the basis of the result.
  3. The last date is 23rd October 2018.

Facilities for Selected Candidates:

  1. The selected students for scholarship announced by the Pakistan Government will have the chance to get admissions in the leading colleges and institutions in cities of Pakistan such as Islamabad, Multan Peshawar, Hyderabad, Quetta, Lahore, and Sukkar.
  2. Monthly scholarship for tuition, accommodation and other educational expenses.
  3. Awareness about latest and modern information technology.
  4. Provision of laptop/tablets along with facility of internet.

Free Online YouTube to MP3 Converter

 This script will allow users of your site and you can easily Download any video from YouTube. It is possible to Download video of different quality. It is also possible to Download an audio mp3 track from YouTube video.
Download On Mobile, search youtube videos, youtube downloader, youtube hd videos, search mobile vdeos, youtube mp4, 3ggp, MP3.
Download & Install Youtube to Mp3 Coverter Mobile APP

IMEI by sending SMS to 8484

Buy only PTA compliant mobile SIM based devices. Please check status of the IMEI by sending SMS to 8484. Non-compliant devices will not work after 20 Oct 2018


موبائل فون اور GSM ڈیوائسز کی تصدیق کے لیے تین طریقے ہیں۔
ایس ایم ایس کے ذریعے
ایپلیکیشن کے ذریعے
ویب سائٹ کے ذریعے

ایس ایم ایس کے ذریعے تصدیق کرنے کے لیے اپنے موبائل کا IMEI نمبر میسج میں لکھ کر 8484 پر ایس ایم ایس کریں۔
اپنا IMEI نمبر چیک کرنے کے لیے اپنے موبائل سے *#06# ڈائل کریں۔

موبائل ایپلیکیشن کے ذریعے تصدیق کرنے کے لیے گوگل پلے سٹور سے دیئے گئے لنک سے ایپ ڈاؤن لوڈ کر کے انسٹال کریں۔ اپنا IMEI نمبر ایپلیکیشن کے سرچ باکس میں لکھ کر submit کا بٹن دبائیں۔ یہ چیک کر کے آپ کو بتا دے گا کہ آپ کا موبائل PTA سے تصدیق شدہ ہے یا نہیں۔

ویب سائٹ سے تصدیق کرنے کے لیے درج ذیل لنک کو اوپن کریں۔

ایس ایم ایس یا موبائل ایپلیکیشن سے تصدیق کرنے پر 3 قسم کے رزلٹ آئیں گے۔ جن کی وضاحت درج ذیل ہے۔

1- IMEI Compliant
آپ کا موبائل PTAاور GSMA نیٹ ورک سے رجسٹرڈ اور تصدیق شدہ ہے۔

2- Valid IMEI
آپ کے موبائل کا IMEI کوڈ GSMA سے تصدیق شدہ ہے لیکن PTA سے تصدیق شدہ نہیں ہے۔ موبائل کو رجسٹر کروانے کے لیے PTA سے رابطہ کریں۔

3- Invalid IMEI
آپ کا موبائل GSMA اور PTA دونوں سے رجسٹرڈ اور منظور شدہ نہیں ہے۔

اگر تصدیق کے بعد پہلا رزلٹ آتا ہے۔ IMEI Compliant آتا ہے تو اسکا مطلب ہے آپ کا موبائل PTA سے تصدیق شدہ ہے اور 20 اکتوبر کے بعد بلاک نہیں ہوگ۔

اگر رزلٹ Valid IMEI آتا ہے، تو آپ کو اپنا موبائل PTA سے رجسٹر کروانا پڑے گا ورنہ وہ بلاک ہو جائے گا۔

اگر رزلٹ Invalid IMEI آتا ہے تو اسکا مطلب ہے کہ آپ جعلی/ٹیمپر شدہ موبائل استعمال کر رہے ہیں۔ اس موبائل کی تصدیق نہیں ہو سکتی۔ یہ موبائل 20 اکتوبر کے بعد بلاک ہو جائے گا۔

اس پوسٹ کو زیادہ سے زیادہ اپنے دوستوں اور رشتےداروں داروں سے شیئر کریں۔

Youtube Video Downloader

Convert your favorite YouTube videos to various formats using our YouTube Converter. Convert and download in these formats: MP3, OGG, AAC, FLAC, WMA, WAV, M4A, MP4, AVI, MOV, MPG, MKV, FLV, WMV, WEBM, M4V and 3GP.& 3ggp Our premium YouTube Converter offers high speed downloads and superior quality conversions.

Download Youtube Video Downloader Mobile APP



Pakistan Penal Code, PPC

Act XLV of 1860

October 6th, 1860

Amended by: Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2012 (XXIII of 2002),Criminal Law (Third Amendment) Act, 2011 (XXVI of 2011),Criminal Law (Second Amendment) Act, 2011 (XXV of 2011),Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2011 (XX of 2011),Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2010 (I of 2010),Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006,Criminal Laws (Amendment) Act, 2004 (I of 2005),Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance (LXXXV of 2002),Criminal Laws (Reforms) Ordinance (LXXXVI of 2002),etc.


The first comprehensive and up-to-date application, containing a complete list of articles and chapter from Pakistan Penal Code – PPC 1860

This application provides all the basic features like viewing, searching and sharing the information with a very minimalist UI design.

With this app in your smartphones, you can look up for the references stated by lawyers, police, politicians, anchors or judges in news, talk shows and courtrooms. You can read the detailed article which is being discussed in the news or at your home.

– Complete list of Chapters/Sections
– Search capability
– Share as both Image and Text
– Smooth User Interface

Download Prize Bond Mobile App Prize Bonds are an investment and a bearer type of security available in the denominations of Rs.200, Rs.750, Rs.1,500, Rs.7,500, Rs.15,000 and Rs.40,000 and now also available in the value of Rs 25000. These prize bonds are issued in series of alphabets & numbers each series has different alphabets and same number like other series. Each prize bonds series consist of one less than 1,000,000 bonds. No fixed returns are paid but prize draws are held on quarterly basis. The numbers of prizes are similar for each series. It means that if 100 series of Rs.200 Prize Bond are in circulation. Then on each draw we have 100 winners of 1st prize and 300 winners of 2nd Prize and so on. Prize Bonds Scheme is the only lawful way to make dreams come true and become rich overnight for poor and middle class people.

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Introduction of Pakistan

Flag Description
green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
  • Background:
    The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.C., remnants of this culture fused with the migrating Indo-Aryan peoples. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam), Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars and a limited conflict – in 1947-48, 1965, and 1999 respectively – over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 – in which India assisted an indigenous movement reacting to the marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics – resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.
    In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in mid-1998. India-Pakistan relations improved in the mid-2000s but have been rocky since the November 2008 Mumbai attacks and have been further strained by attacks in India by militants suspected of being based in Pakistan. Nawaz SHARIF took office as prime minister in 2013, marking the first time in Pakistani history that a democratically elected government completed a full term and transitioned to a successive democratically elected government. In July 2017, the Supreme Court disqualified SHARIF from public office, and Shahid Khaqan ABBASI replaced him as prime minister in August 2017. Retired Justice General Nasir UL-MULK took over as caretaker prime minister in June 2018, to serve until a new government is formed following general elections, scheduled for 25 July. Pakistan has been engaged in a decades-long armed conflict with militant groups that target government institutions and civilians, including the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and other militant networks.

Source: CIA – The World Factbook

Pakistan – Transportation

  • National air transport system:
    number of registered air carriers: 4
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 67
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 8,467,827
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 183,177,313 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    AP (2016)
    151 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    total: 108
    over 3,047 m: 15
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 20
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 43
    914 to 1,523 m: 20
    under 914 m: 10 (2017)
    total: 43
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
    914 to 1,523 m: 9
    under 914 m: 24 (2013)
    23 (2013)
    gas 12,646 km; oil 2,576 km; refined products 1,087 km (2013)
    total: 11,881 km
    broad gauge: 11,492 km 1.676-m gauge (293 km electrified)
    narrow gauge: 389 km 1.000-m gauge (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 22
    total: 263,942 km
    paved: 185,063 km (includes 708 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 78,879 km (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    total: 52
    by type: bulk carrier 5, oil tanker 6, other 41 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    major seaport(s): Karachi, Port Muhammad Bin Qasim
    container port(s) (TEUs): Karachi (1,545,434)
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Port Qasim
  • Source: CIA – The World Factbook


Ports of Pakistan

Ports of Pakistan:.

Ports of Pakistan

 Pakistan shares a 1,200 kilometres long coast line with the Arabian Sea – a mid sea which joins the the strategic oil line of Persian Gulf with the Indian Ocean. On it lie the Karachi Port which has been serving this part of the erstwhile Indian subcontinent and later Pakistan on its creation in 1947. However, owing to the growing needs of the country, there was a need to develop other smaller coastal ports into major cargo handling ports. Beside Karachi, Pasni, Jiwani, Gadani, Ormara and Gwadar are other ports which are being developed into world class ship handling centres. Of these Gwadar is the latest development, which is almost completed and recently in December 2008, it has started handling shipping operations with the arrival of three urea laded ships.

Karachi Port and Light House

Karachi Port: Karachi Port is the hub of Pakistan’s entire economic activities as 98 per cent of the entire foreign trade is conducted through this port. Read more about the history of Karachi Port (Wikipedia). As such Karachi Port is being modernized at a total cost of Rs. 5 billion including World Bank loan of US $ 91.4 million. The Government has increased emphasis on an early completion of the entire scheme. As a result the following projects have already become functional:-

  • OP-V:- OP-V has been constructed at a cost of Rs. 510 million with an annual handling capacity of 6 to 8 million tons liquid cargo. The project has been in operation since April, 1994.

  • Circular Road:- To solve the problem of traffic congestion around Port area and central city areas of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation, the Government has given go ahead signal for construction of a Circular Road comprising Southern By-pass, Jinnah Bridge (Phase-II) and Northern By-pass at an estimated cost of Rs. 1353 million. The first phase of the project has been completed in December, 1997.

  • Reconstruction/Rehabilitation of Berths No.5-10:- To enable Karachi Port to handle increasing volume of cargo, the Government has directed to reconstruct/rehabilitate the Berths No. 5-10 at an estimated cost of US $ 60 million within the next 2 years.

  • Container Terminals.- In order to modernize cargo handling at Karachi Port, the Government has directed KPT to set up another Container Terminal at West Wharf (Berths NO.22-24) through private sector at an estimated cost of US $ 75 million.

Port Bin Qasim

Port Muhammad Bin Qasim
With the coming up of the Steel Mills near Karachi and to meet the increasing demand of coal, it was decided to construct a sea port some 35 kilometres west of Karachi. It was constructed in the late 1970s and named after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who captured the area around 712 A.D. The port was developed close to the Pakistan Steel Mills complex near the Indus River delta. Port Qasim is Pakistan’s second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation’s cargo (17 million tons per annum). It is located in an old channel of the Indus River at a distance of 35 kilometres east of Karachi city centre. The total area of the port comprises 1,000 acres (4 km²) with an adjacent 11,000 acre (45 km²) industrial estate. The approach to the port is along a 45-kilometre long Navigation Channel which provides safe navigation for vessels up to 75,000 DWT. The geographic position of the Port places it in close proximity to major shipping routes. One of it’s major advantages is the proximity to national transport facilities – 15 kilometres from the Pakistan National Highway, 14 kilometres from the National Railway network through six railway tracks located immediately behind the berths and 22 kilometres from Jinnah International Airport.

Gwadar Deep Sea Port: Gwadar was once a fishing village on the Arabian Sea coast in Balochistan province and some 72 kilometres from the Iranian border. It is situated about 400km from the Strait of Hormuz, a major conduit for global oil supplies. More than 13 million bbl/d of oil pass through the Strait. It is strategically located between three increasingly important regions: the oil-rich Middle East, heavily populated South Asia and the economically emerging and resource-laden region of Central Asia. The present town of Gwadar, Pakistan, lies on the Arabian Sea coast about 30 miles (48 km) to the east of Gwadar Bay. Gwadar’s location and history have given it a unique blend of cultures. The Arabic influence upon Gwadar is strong as a consequence of the Omani era and the close proximity of other Arab-majority regions. The legacy of the Omani slave trade is observed in the population by the presence of residents which can trace their descent from the African slaves who were trafficked through the town (en route to destinations in the Muslim Far East. The area also has a remarkable religious diversity, being home to not only Sunni Muslims, but also to groups of Christians, Hindus, Parsis, and various minorities.

Pakistan identified Gwadar as a port site in 1964. However, it was only in 2001 that significant steps were taken with the help of Chinese assistance in the construction and development of the deep-sea port. The total cost of the project is estimated at US$1.16 billion, of which China has contributed about $198 million for the first phase for construction of three multi-purpose ship berths. China has also invested another $200 million toward building a highway connecting Gwadar port with Karachi.

Gwader Sea Port and the Zaver Pearl Continental Hotel situated on a cliff (Koh-e-Batil) – Photos courtesy: Autumn Sun and Autumn Colours

The 45,000 acres Gwadar master plan encompasses development of an airport, industrial zones, export processing zones, beach development, resorts, housing facilities and all civic amenities over the next 50 years.
The over $2 billion Gwadar project – which strategic analysts call “a pearl in the Pakistani waters” will allow berthing facilities to many a CAR countries and even China, which is assisting Pakistan in a big way to develop this port. The completion of Gwadar port would make it the deepest port of Pakistan and a trans-shipment port for the region. This is Pakistan’s largest infrastructure project since independence. Funds from non-resident Pakistanis, especially those working in the Gulf, have come in. With Chinese help, it has been completed in five years, which is really fast. Read More

In 2007, the government of Pakistan handed over port operations to PSA Singapore for 25 years, and gave it the status of a Tax Free Port for the following 40 years. There is also money invested into the port by the People’s Republic of China. The strategic PRC plan to be engaged in many places along oil and gas roads is evident.

To accommodate the tourists and investors from all over the world, Zaver Pearl Continental Hotel Gwadar, a Five Star Hotel situated on a dominating cliff (Koh-e-Batil), overlooking the port, city and surrounded by azure Arabian waters has been built. The hotel is equipped with all those features which are mark of the Hashoo Group. Beside 120 guest rooms, the hotel has Business center with three secretarial offices and two meeting rooms, fully equipped with modern communication and audio visual equipments, dinning room / bar facility for 55 guests.

Ormara is a small port located on the Makran coastline along the Arabian Sea in Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is located 450 kilometres west of Karachi, and east of coastal village Pasni. Jinnah naval base of Pakistan Navy is also located at Ormara. Ormara also has a small airport for landing of short run aircraft like the Fokker. Ormara is an old coastal town. Its historical routes are linked with Alexander the Great, who stayed here with his army for a few days on his way back from Indus region after conquering the lands of Sindh, Panjab and the NWFP regions of modern day Pakistan which he joined to his expanding Hellenic empire, in 325-27 BC. One of his generals “Ormoz” died here and the present day Ormara was named after him. For a few centuries, Ormara remained a battle field between the Baloch Sardar (local feudal) and foreign aggressors. Before independence, it was part of the state of Las Bela and afterward it became part of Makran Division. Being an isolated town, it remained undeveloped, however with the naval presence around, life has taken a positive change for the locals with many local industries and the resultant increase in jobs available for the locals. It has a population of about forty thousand people and still offers a traditional look at how the ancients lived. Most residents make their livelihood from fishing; a few of them also work in Middle Eastern countries. Ormara has witnessed considerable growth in recent years especially with the foundation of the Makran coastal highway, which integrated the area more with the mainstream Pakistani economy and major urban centres allowing for easier transport of goods, commerce and people.

Pasni is a medium-sized town and a fishing port in along the Makran coastline Balochistan, Pakistan. It is located about 300 km from Karachi. The town houses a modern fish harbour and Port of Pasni, with fishing being the main occupation of the town dwellers. Frozen catch is also sent to Turbat and Karachi for sale in the larger markets. A joint-user airfield is shared by Pakistan Air Force (PAF), Pakistan Navy and civil aviation. PAF as well as PN-Aviation operational facilities are housed nearby. Daily commercial flights link the town with Karachi. In 2008, the government approved the construction of Shadi Kaur storage dam near Pasni, which is expected to alleviate some of the power deficiency of the region. Administratively, Pasni is the headquarters of the Pasni sub-division of Gwadar district that includes Pasni and Ormara Tehsils (tehsil – county) as well as Astola Island which lies 40km ESE of Pasni, in the Arabian Sea. The city of Pasni is itself administratively subdivided into two Union Councils.

Jiwani – a small fishing harbour, holds strategic importance in the region, located immediately adjacent to the shipping lanes to and from the Persian Gulf. This is the main reason that the town hosts a small naval base and an airport with a 5,500-foot runway. Jiwani is located at the eastern end of Gwadar Bay, which is shared between Iran and Pakistan. The area around the bay includes an important mangrove forest extending across the international border, and is an important habitat for a wide variety of wildlife, especially the endangered Olive Ridley and Green Turtles. Being free from pollution, Jiwani is reminiscent of a South Sea island, with vast stretches of sandy beaches giving onto the clean, clear green waters of the Arabian Sea. For the same reason, Jiwani is rich in biodiversity. Recently, WWF-Pakistan established the Jiwani Conservation and Information Centre (JCIC). The aim is to contribute towards the conservation of biodiversity in the area, through information dissemination.

With the extension of the Makran Coastal Highway from Gwadar, Jiwani is a place to be seen especially by those who are interested in observing history more closely. Jiwani has a small airport located 10 km away from the city centre. It is not a major airport of Pakistan but has weekly flights connecting it with Gwadar, Pasni and Karachi.

Jiwani has been used World War II as allied base and remains of same base are available. Visiting the barracks area of the base used during World War 2 reveals many handwritten small stories and name of Allied Pilots. There is another story linked to Jiwani and that is Queen Victoria planned to visit the area to watch sunset and a hut which is now known as “Victoria Hut” was built for this purpose. Whether Queen Victoria visited or not but the Victoria hut is still being maintained by Pakistan Coast Guards. 

People of Pakistan


  • 204,924,861 (July 2017 est.)
    note: provisional results of Pakistan’s 2017 national census estimate the country’s total population to be 207,774,000
    country comparison to the world: 6
    noun: Pakistani(s)
    adjective: Pakistani
    Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
    Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
    Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
    0-14 years: 31.36% (male 33,005,623/female 31,265,463)
    15-24 years: 21.14% (male 22,337,897/female 20,980,455)
    25-54 years: 37.45% (male 39,846,417/female 36,907,683)
    55-64 years: 5.57% (male 5,739,817/female 5,669,495)
    65 years and over: 4.48% (male 4,261,917/female 4,910,094) (2017 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 65.3
    youth dependency ratio: 57.9
    elderly dependency ratio: 7.4
    potential support ratio: 13.5 (2015 est.)
    total: 23.8 years
    male: 23.7 years
    female: 23.8 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    1.43% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    21.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    -1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    the Indus River and its tributaries attract most of the settlement, with Punjab province the most densely populated
    urban population: 36.7% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 2.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Karachi 15.4 million; Lahore 11.738 million; Faisalabad 3.311 million; Rawalpindi 2.156 million; Gujranwala 2.11 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 1.061 million (2018)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    23.4 years
    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)
    178 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    total: 52.1 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 55.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 48.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    total population: 68.1 years
    male: 66.1 years
    female: 70.1 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    2.62 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    35.4% (2012/13)
    2.6% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    0.98 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
    0.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    urban: 93.9% of population
    rural: 89.9% of population
    total: 91.4% of population
    urban: 6.1% of population
    rural: 10.1% of population
    total: 8.6% of population (2015 est.)
    urban: 83.1% of population
    rural: 51.1% of population
    total: 63.5% of population
    urban: 16.9% of population
    rural: 48.9% of population
    total: 36.5% of population (2015 est.)
    0.1% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    150,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    6,200 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    degree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
    animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
    8.6% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    31.6% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    2.8% of GDP (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 57.9%
    male: 69.5%
    female: 45.8% (2015 est.)
    total: 8 years
    male: 9 years
    female: 7 years (2015)
    total: 6.6% ILO data cited at World Bank, accessed 7/25/18
    male: 5.7%
    female: 9.4% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133


Source: CIA – The World Factbook

Pakistan Food Streets

Pakistan Food Streets:.

Lahore Food Streets


Lahore is city of live hearted people, always finding an occasion for enjoyment, entertainment and good feast. While parks and other recreational facilities are filled with holiday makers, specially on weekends, the eateries are seldom found vacant throughout the weekdays. The traditional food of Lahore is found in the Walled City of Lahore, while the western and Chinese cuisines are generally found in the posh localities of Lahore Cantonment, Gulberg, Shadman and Shahjamal.

However, recently, a novel idea of establishing Food Streets outside the Walled City for the easy access to locals and tourists has gained much popularity. The first food street was opened in an alley of Gawalmandi, near the famous Mayo Hospital on Nisbat Road. The idea was to bring out the old and traditional foods for all and sundry at one place. Now the famous “Phajjay kay Paye” (joints of goat) originated from old Lahore, are available here, besides the Doctor Nihari, Sardar’s fried fish, pathooray, katlamma and much more. Besides for the sweet tooth, a variety of sweet dishes are available like jalaibees, firni, kheer and others.

But that is not all. The old houses overlooking the streets have been renovated and their old balconies redone with wood carving and lights installed to provide more hues to the street down below. These look more enchanting and mystic through the sizzling smoke of BBQ food being prepared in abundance round the clock.

Lahorites bring their outstation guests to these streets to show their typical hospitality. And order kilos of various varieties of cooked meat, chicken, fish and other food items. After the food, a glass of iced Lassi, made of yogurt, water, sugar and “pairay” – a sweet made of thickened milk and sugar, served in large aluminum glasses adds to the everlasting taste (below right). Those who are good at it, prefer to drink it in one breath, called “deek” in local Punjabi language. Try it next time.


By the way, do not forget to eat “paan” – many substances wrapped in the beetle leaf, before leaving the Food Streets. These “Paan” sellers have deliberately established their shops on the entrance of the streets to provide the last taste of a wonderful evening spent in the food streets. The Food Streets close in morning around 8 am after serving the traditional breakfast of “Hawla and Poori” served with Lassi, Nihari and Hareesa. These dishes are difficult to describe and digest too since these are very rich in oil and peppers. so be careful, just in case.

“Paan” seller at the entrance of Gawalmandi Food Street

Other two Food Streets are located in Old Anarkali (off the Mall Road) and in the Walled City of Lahore. These remain open throughout the night and are seldom found empty. Now Lahorites treat their guests, specially from outside Lahore in the Food Streets rather than anywhere else.


PAKISTAN – History through the Centuries


PAKISTAN – History through the Centuries

Pakistan, the Indus land, is the child of the Indus in the same way as Egypt is the gift of Nile. The Indus has provided unity, fertility, communication, direction and the entire landscape to the country. Its location marks it as a great divide as well as a link between central Asia and south Asia. But the historical movements of the people from Central Asia and South Asia have given to it a character of its own and have established closer relation between the people of Pakistan and those of Central Asia in the field of culture, language, literature, food, dress, furniture and folklore. However, it is the Arabian Sea that has opened the doors for journey beyond to the Arabian world through the Gulf and Red Sea right into the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt. It is this Sea voyage that gave to the Indus Land its earliest name of Meluhha because the Indus people were characterized as Malahha (Sailor) in the Babylonian records. It is for this reason that the oldest civilization of this land, called Indus Civilization, had unbreakable bonds of culture and trade link with the Gulf States of Dubai, Abu Dabi, Sharja, Qatter, Bahrain and right from Oman to Kuwait. While a Meluhhan village sprang up in ancient Mesopotamia (Modern Iraq), the Indus seals, painted pottery, lapis lazuli and many other items were exchanged for copper, tin and several other objects from Oman and Gulf States. It is to facilitate this trade that the Indus writing was evolved in the same proto-symbolic style as the contemporary cuneiform writing of Mesopotamia. Much later in history it is the pursuit of this seaward trade that introduced Islam from Arabia in to Pakistan. The twin foundations of cultural link have helped build the stable edifice of Islamic civilization in this country. All these cultural developments are writ-large in the personality of the people of Pakistan.

As in many other countries of the world, man in Pakistan began with the technology of working on old stone by using quartzite and flint found in Rohri hills and stone pebbles found in the Soan Valley. The oldest stone tool in the world, going back to 2.2 million years old, has been found at Rabat, about fifteen miles away from Rawalpindi, thus breaking the African record. The largest hand Axe has also been found in the Soan Valley. Although man is still hiding in some corner, the Soan pebble stone age culture show a link with the Hissar Culture in Central Asia. Later about fifty thousand B.C. at Sangho Cave in Mardan District man improved his technology for working on Quartz in order to chase the animal in closed valleys. Still later he worked on micro quartz and chert or flint and produced arrows, knives, scrapers and blades and hunted the feeling deer and ibexes with bow and arrow. Such an hunting scene is well illustrated on several rock carvings, particularly near Chilas in the Northern Areas of Pakistan along the Karakorum Highway – a style of rock art so well known in the trans- Pamir region of Tajikistan and Kirghizstan. However, the first settled life began in the eight millennium B.C. when the first village was found at Mehergarh in the Sibi districts of Balochistan comparable with the earliest villages of Jericho in Palestine and Jarmo in Iraq. Here their mud houses have been excavated and agricultural land known for the cultivation of maize and wheat. Man began to live together in settled social life and used polished stone tools, made pots and pans, beads and other ornaments. His taste for decoration developed and he began to paint his vessels, jars, bowls, drinking glasses, dishes and plates. It was now that he discovered the advantage of using metals for his tools and other objects of daily use. For the first time in seventh millennium B.C. he learnt to use bronze. From the first revolution in his social, cultural and economic life. He established trade relation with the people of Turkamenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran and other Arab world.

He not only specialized in painting different designs on pottery, made varieties of pots and used cotton and wool but also made terracotta figurines and imported precious stones from Afghanistan and Central Asia. This early bronze age culture spread out in the country side of Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and North West Frontier Province.

And this early beginning led to the concentration of population into small towns. Such as Kot-Diji in Sindh and Rehman Dheri in Dera Ismail Khan District. It is this social and Cultural change that led to the rise of the famous cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappra, the largest concentration of population including artisans, craftsman, businessmen and rulers. This culminated in the peak of the Indus Civilization, which was primarily based on intensive irrigated land agriculture and overseas trade and contact with Iran, Gulf States, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Dams were built for storing river water, land was Cultivated by means of bullock- harnessed plough – a system that still prevails in Pakistan, granaries for food storage were built, furnace were used for controlling temperature for making red pottery and various kinds of ornaments, beads of carnelian, agate and terracotta were pierced through, and above all they traded their finished goods with Central Asia and Arab world. It is these trade divided that enriched the urban populace who developed a new sense of moral honesty, discipline and cleanliness, and above all a social stratification in which the priests and the mercantile class dominated the society. The picture of high civilization can be gathered only by looking at the city of Mohenjodaro, the first planned city in the world, in which streets are aligned straight, parallels to each other, with a cross streets cutting at right angles. It is through these wide streets that wheeled carriages, drawn by bulls or asses, moved about, carrying well-adorned persons seated on them, appreciating the closely aligned houses, made of pucca bricks, all running straight along the streets. And then through the middle of the streets ran stone dressed drains covered with stone slabs – a practice of keeping the streets clean from polluted water, for the first time seen in the world.

The Indus Civilization is the first literate Civilization of the subcontinent. The cities were centres of art and craft. Where the artisan produced several kinds of goods that were exported to other countries. Sailing boats sailed out from Mohenjodaro and anchored in the port of the Gulf, which region was perhaps known as Dilmin. However, it was the city administration that managed the urban life in strict discipline and controlled the trade in their hands. The discipline is derived from the strict practice of meditation (yoga) that was practiced by the elite of the city, who appear to have trimmed their beard and hair combed and tied with golden fillets. The body was covered with a shawl bearing trefoil designs on them. Such a noble man with a sharp nose and long wish eyes shows a contrast with a bronze figurine of a dancing and singing girl, plying music with her fully bang led hand, as we find today with the Cholistan ladies having bangled hands. Obviously there were distinctive ethnic groups of people in Mohenjodaro but the dominant class of rulers and merchants appear to be distinctive from the rest of the population. It is these literate people who inter- acted with the Arabian people and continued to maintain strict discipline in the society. It is they who developed astronomy, mathematics, and science in the country along with numerical symbols, weights and measures but they thoroughly intermixed in the society and also believed in the local cult of tree and tree deities and animal totems. The most prominent animals as attested in the seals are bull, buffalo, elephant, tiger, rhinoceros, alligator and deer and ibexes. However, Mesopotamian influences are seen in the figures of Gilgamash, Enkidu, joint statue of the bull and man and other animals with several heads and bodies. However, the unique local concept is that of highly meditative man, seated in his heels, with three or four heads, and combining in himself the power to control the animals probably with a crown of horns or some times a tree overhead. It is this supreme deity, depicted on Seals, that draws the serpent worshippers and overpowers the animals. A part from these there was no concept of nature worship as we find in the Vedas of the Aryans. The ritual consisted of offerings through the intermediary of mythological composite animals to the tree deity. These dose not appear to have been any concept of animals sacrifice nor worship of any idol or idols. The Indus civilization lasted for nearly five hundred years and flourished up to 1750 B.C. when we notice the movements of nomadic tribes in Central Asia. As a result the Asian trade system was greatly disturbed. Consequently the trade and industry of the Indus people greatly suffered with the result that led to the end of the Civilization. The cities vanished, the noble lost their position. The writing finished. The common people met with the influx of new horse-riding pastoralists who hardly understood the system of irrigated agriculture and hence the value of dams. Such nomadic tribes are known from the large number of graves and their village settlements all over Swat, Dir and Bajaur right up to Taxila. In the Northern Areas of Pakistan different group of such tribes, known as Dardic people are known from their graves. The tribes of the plains are recognized as different groups of the Aryans from the hilly tribes of the North- the ancestors of the Kalash people and those who now speak Shina, Burushaski and other Kohistani languages. They had nothing to do with the cities as we find them building small villages nor did they know irrigation. Infect they believed in nature gods, one of them Indra destroyed the dams and spelled disaster on the local Dasyus who differed from them in colour, creed and language. These Aryans conquerors developed there own religion of the Vedas, practiced animal sacrifice and gradually built up tribal kingdoms all over the Indus Valley. The most prominent being that of Gandhara with capitals at Pushkalavati (modern Charsadda) and Taxila, the last having been the older capital of Takshaka, the king of serpent worshippers. Taksha-sila (a Sanskrit word, literally translated in to Persian Mari-Qila) survive in modern Margala. It become the strong hold of the Aryans, whose great epic book Mahabharata was for the first time recited here. Since that time Takshka-sila or Taxila lying on the western side of Margala remained the capital of the Indus land, which was called Sapta- Sindhu (the land of seven rivers) by the Aryans. It because of this central location, en routs from Central to South Asia that the new capital of Pakistan has been established at Islamabad on the eastern side of Margala hill , thus giving a historical link from the most ancient to modern time and new significance to Pakistan as a link between Central and South Asia.

The city of Taxila began to grow from 6th century B.C. onward when Achaemenian kings by name Cyrus and Darius joined this city by road and postal services with their own capital at Persepolis in Iran. Here one can see the Aryan village at Hatial mound lying above the pre-Aryan bronze age capital of Takshakas (Serpent worshippers). One can also visit the Achaemenian city at Bhir mound, where old bazaars and royal palace, with long covered drain, have been discovered. Land rout trade with Iran and the west once again started with the issue of coin currency for the first time in the Indus land. But the most important was the great use of iron technology, which produced several kind of iron tools, weapons and other objects of daily use as known as from the excavations at Taxila. Above all a new writing known as Kharoshti was developed here. At the same time the oldest University of the world was founded at Taxila, where taught the great grammarian Panini, born at the modern village of Lahur in Sawabi district of the Frontier Province. It is the basis of this grammar that modern linguistics has been developed. It is in this University that Chandra Gupta Maurya got his education, who later founded the first sub continental empire in South Asia. He developed the Mauryan city at Bhir mound in Taxila, where ruled his grandson, Ashoka, twice as governor. He introduced Buddhism in Gandhara and built the first Buddhist monastery, called Dharmarajika Vihara, at Taxila. Ashoka has left behind his Rock Edicts at two palaces, one at Mansehra and another at Shahbazgari, written in Kharoshti.

Long before the rise of Chandra Gupta Maurya the Achaemenian empire, that had extended from Pakistan to Greece and Egypt, had collapsed under the onslaught of Alexander of Macedonia. He first finished with the Greek city states, united the Greeks, and dashed forward to annex the Achaemenian empire and hence proceeded to all those places where the Achaemenian had ruled. In this march they come to Taxila in 326 B.C. where he was welcomed by the local king Ambhi in his palace at Bhir mound. It is here as well as at Bhira in Jhelum district that Alexander’s remains can be seen. However, he fought the greatest battale on the bank of the Jhelum river opposite the present village of Jalalpur Sharif against Porus, the head of the heroic Puru tribe, whose descendents still supply military personal to the Pakistan army. Alexander’s battle place was at Mong, where he founded a new city, called Nikea, the city of victory. The other city which he founded was called Bucaphela after the name of his horse that died here. However, the most captivating site is at Jalalpur Shaif, laying on the bank of rivulet Gandaria, perhaps Sikanaria, where Alexander’s monument has now been built on the spot where he stopped for about two months before launching his attack on Porus.

The Achaemenian and Alexander’s contacts with Pakistan are very important from the point of view of educational and Cultural history. The Achaemenian brought the learning and science of Mesopotamia Civilization that enriched the University of Taxila. They also introduced their administrative system here, on the basis of which the famous book on political science, called Arthasastra was written in Sanskrit language in Taxila by Kautilya, known as Chanakya, the teacher of Chandra Gupta Maurya. It is this book that was adapted for the administrative of the Mauryan empire. On the basis of Achaemenian currency the Mauryan punch marked coins. So well known in Taxila, were produced. It is their Aramaic writing, used by Achaemenian clerks, that led to the development of Kharoshti in Pakistan and trade with the Semitic world that created the Brahmi writing in India. On the other hand Alexander brought Greek knowledge and science to Taxila and introduced Greek type of coin currency. It is Taxila that philosophers and men of learning of the two countries met and developed science, mathematics and astronomy. Above all Alexander left behind large number of Greeks in Central Asia, who founded the Bactrian Greek kingdom in mid-third century B.C. it is the descendants of these Bactrian Greeks who later advanced in to Pakistan and built up the Greek kingdom here and built up their own city at Sirkap in Taxila. This is the second well planned city in Pakistan. The Greeks introduced their language, art and religion in the country of Gandhara, where ruled thirteen Greek kings and queens. Their language lasted more than five hundred years and their art and religion and considerable influence on the flourish of Gandhara Civilization.

This civilization was the result of interaction of several peoples who followed the Greeks, the Scythians, the Parthians and Kushans who came one the other from Central Asia along the Silk Road and integrated them selves into the local society. It is under their patronage that Buddhism evolved here into its new Mahayana form and this become the religion of the contemporary people in Pakistan. Under their encouragement the Buddhist monks moved along the Silk Road freely and carried this religion to central Asia, China, Korea and Japan. It is again the trade along the silk road that was particularly controlled by the Kushana emperors, who built a mighty empire with Peshawar as their Capital, the boundaries of which extended from the Aral Sea to the Arabian Sea and from Afghanistan to the Bay of Bengal. It is the dividends of trade that enriched Pakistan and led to the development of Gandhara Art, which mirrors the social, religious and common man’s life of the time. It is an art that was blend of the Greek classical and local arts, which created the finest statues of Buddha and Buddhisatttvas that today decorate the museums all over the world. At the same time the sculpture depict the whole life of the Buddha in a manner that is unsurpassed. Many Greek themes, their gods, typical toilet trays, Greek life scenes showing musicians, drinking bouts and love making are presented in there natural fashion. The Kushanas period was the golden age of Pakistan as the Silk Road trade brought unparalleled prosperity to the people of the country.

The luxury items produced in the country enrich the museum at Taxila at that show the Cultural and trends of life of the time. Gandhara art is the high water achievement of the people of Pakistan. Mahayana Buddhism was the inspiring ideal of the time and the Buddhist stupas and monasteries survive in every nook and corner of the hills. It was this time that the country was known as Kushana-shahar, the land of the Kushanas, to which came the Romanships to carry the luxury goods in exchange for Roman Siler and Gold, that were used by the Kushana emperors and as a result their gold currency flooded the country and all along the Silk road. It is these Kushana kings who have gifted the national dress of shalwar and kamiz and sherwani to Pakistan. Their dress and decorations are deeply imprinted on the Indus land, that is now Pakistan.

Then came from Central Asia the Huns and the Turks who gave to Pakistan the present ethnic, their Culture, Food and Adab. The Jats, Gakkhars, Janjuas (Jouanjouan of the Chinese) and Gujars all trekked into Pakistan and made their home here. The Rajput rose and founded the feudal system in Punjab and Sindh in the same way the Pashtuns, who borrowed the surname of Gul and later the title of Khan from the Mongols, their Sardari system in Balochistan, and slowly developed the Wadera practice in the Indus delta region of Sindh. This feudal arrangements, which was the result of confederated tribes of the Huns, led to new administrative system in the country and created a new form of land management that has lasted until today. The tribes have fused into the agricultural society but their brotherhoods have survived and they have given a permanent character to Pakistan.

In the early eight Century A.D. the Arabs brought Islam in Sindh and Multan built up the kingdom of Al-Mansurah in Sindh. At the same time their east ward Sea trade introduced porcelain and called on were from China and popularized glass were from Iran Syria- new materials that can be seen in the excavations at Bambhore in Sindh. With the Muslims Turks came the Sufis and Dervishes from Central Asia. Iran and Afghanistan and they spread Islam all over the country. It is Sultan Mahamud of Ghazni who made Lahore- the city of Data Sahib as his second capital. However, the city of Multan become famous as the city of Saints although it lay en route the camel caravan that carried on trade between Pakistan and Central Asia right up to Baku in Azerbaijan. It is these cities that the famous Muslims monuments of old are to be seen. As a result of the Saintly activity Pakistan become a land of Islamic Civilization. In several villages and cities we now find the Dargah of these Muslims Saints. While Shahbaz Kalandar is a well known in Sindh, Baba Farid Shakarganj resided over Pak Pattan in Punjab, Buner Baba rules over the Frontier region, and Syed Ali Hamdani is the real Sufi Saint in Kashmir. The capital city of Islamabad enshrines the well known Golra Sharif and Barri Imam. It is in these Saints who influenced the development of Sufi literature in all the languages of Pakistan and their monumental tombs that attract the people from all the country. In the old city of Thatta at Makli hill several tombs and Mausoleums are spread over the place that surpass in the beauty of stone carving but much more than this they evidence the historical evolution of architecture from 12th century A.D. to the Mughal time.

This was a period of great change in the historical integration of the people in Pakistan when the country was brought closer to Central Asia and the Arab world. The mixing of several tribes from both these regions transformed the ethnic complex of the country. Just as in the period of Kushanas of Mahayana type rose here and the Buddhist monks out from this land along the Silk road to carry the massage of the Buddha, now it was the Arabs and the Muslims Saints from Central Asia who came in the reverse direction and flocked in the prosperous land of Pakistan. New trade route were opened in the reverse direction from those countries into the Indus land. From the Huns to the Turks the age of cavalry dominated the life scene. Many Rock carvings in Central Punjab show men riding, even standing on horse back and brandishing their swords and shooting arrows. Hence forward Polo game become common and sword dance was common, as seen in the Rock carving near Chilas. The foundation of Muslims state was firmly laid, in which the dominate position first occupied by the Arabs in Sindh and Multan and later by the Gaznavid and Ghorid Sultans who made the Indus country as their spring board from the onward conquest of India. A beautiful monument in memory of sultan Ghori can be seen at Suhawa on the National Highway. It was therefore in the fitness of things that the first missile made in Pakistan was named after Ghori. Several Muslims kingdoms grew up in this country. Beginning from north we find the Tarkhan ruling dynasty, who came from trans-pamir region here and become supreme in the Gilgit area. The descendent of Shah Mir founded the Muslims Sultanate in Kashmir maintained its independents until the time of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The Pushtun tribes made their movements and asserted their independence in the land watered by the western branch of the Indus River. The Langhas and later the Arghuns become the Master of Multan. The Sama ruling dynasty started a new era of Cultural development and prosperity in Sindh. The Baluchis in concert with Brahuis leapt forward not only to build their kingdom in Balochistan but also migrated eastward and northward. Apart from these political shape of the country, there was an unparalleled development in art and architecture, literature and music, and particularly new social integration took place on the basis of the patronage of local languages, such as Baluchi, Sindhi, Panjabi, Pashto, Kashmiri, Shina and Burushaski. All these languages received literary form with the support of the Muslims rulers and the first time their literatures began to take shape. They received influence from Arabic and Persian and added many themes from the Folklores as well as from those of Central Asia. Such an unusual developments transformed the society with the stories from Shahnama and Hazar Dastan and with the Folk-tales from Lila-Majnun, Sassi-Punnu and Hir-Ranjha. The stringed instruments, the dholak and the dhap and also flute and trinklets gave a new tone to the life of the people of Multan, Thatta, Marha Shrif in D.I. Khan, Swat and Kashmir, and finally Gilgit, Hunza and Baltistan created the finest architecture of the time. That was the period of new religious activity in the country side when Islam become the dominant religion of the people who were directly linked in religious ties with the people of Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey and Arab world.

The migrant people had brought the new technology of straining the horse from Central Asia and Iran. Were ever the horse galloped right up the corner of Bengal and Orissa, the Turks and Afghans advanced from Pakistan and established new empires. Here the artisans and craftsman gathered in new centre, cities began to grow with new craft mohallas, and they began to specialise in the products of Shawl and carpets in Kashmir, chapkan, chadar and dopatta in Punjab and Chitral and Northern Areas, tile work in Multan, Hala and Hyderabad, block printing in Sindh and fine carpentry in Chiniot, Bhira and Dera Ismail Khan. As a result several families occupied themselves in traditional crafts and passed them on to their own children.

Then came the Mughal emperors, descendent of Amir Timur, who, following the Mongol ruler Changiz Khan, had embarked on building a new world empire on the basis of organizing a new type of cavalry and making a new disciplined army in the unites of hundred and thousand. The later still survive in the name of Hazara both in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The first Mughal emperor, Zahiruddin Muhammad Baber, who had to come out from Farghana, brought a new taste of poetry, baghicha and architectural forms from the natural environment and landscape from Farghana and Samarqand, latter city reflecting the delicious water of Zarafshan (golden) river. Baber built his first terraced garden in Kabul and then choose the beautiful spot at Kalda or Kallar Kahar in Chakwal district and built here Bagh-i-Safa on the very spot marked by this throne seat. It was again terraced garden watered by a near by spring. At the old Bhira on the bank of Jhelum he built a fort and then proceeded to Shah Dara (the Royal pass Gate) that opened his route the city of Lahore. At Shah Dara several garden were laid by by the Mughal noblemen but only one is preserved inside Jahangir tomb that was built by his queen Nur Jehan who lies buried in another mausoleums. The tomb along with the garden is now desolate. There is also Kamran’s baradari, without the garden, that still defies the flood of the Ravi river. When the Mughal emperors followed Baber one after the other, they choose the old Lahore on the bank of Ravi to their main Urban centres in Punjab. It was developed as a city of gardens with numerous gardens around but the main Mughal fortress was built in an Island, surrounded by the Ravi on the three sides and only on the east it was joined to the city proper. Here third Mughal emperor Akbar transferred his capital from Agra to meet the challenge of cousin Mirza Hakim. Here he laid the foundation of a typical Mughal citadel with royal residences, called Akbari Mahal and Jahangiri Mahal, with a prominent Diwan-i-Aam built in the traditional Iranian style, all constructed in red sand stone imported from Rajistan. Later Akbar’s grandson Shah Jehan, the King of architecture, transformed many buildings and renewed to his taste with white marble. He added Diwan-i-Khas that overlooked Ravi, his palace and Turkish Bath and still more important the Moti Masjid, the gem of monuments, with beautiful decorative designs in precious stones set in marble.

However, his choicest building is the Shish Mahal, the Mirror Palace that was the constructed by the side of a Char-bagh style garden with running water channel and fountains, but later destroyed by the Sikhs, and quadrangles remodelled. Such garden, called Mehtab, can be seen in other quadrangles in the Fort. The Shish Mahal is the luxurious place of resort particularly during summer months with rest rooms of a long hall at its either end, opening on to the brilliantly dazzling Veranda that looks at the marble paved quadrangle with a fountain in the middle side. The mirror reflects the stars and the bedrooms presents, in its ceiling, the panorama of a star lit Sky. On the western side there is a unique building of Bengali style, called Naulakha, whose brilliance of precious stone outshone the natural setting of flowers and tree leaves that decorate the walls. Alas ‘ the Sikh and British soldiers have robbed many of the precious stones. Even then the Shish Mahal, even in its changed character by the Sikhs, presents a dazzling brilliance in its perfect creation by the Mughal emperor Shah Jehan. It is the climax of Mughal luxury surpassed nowhere in the world.

The exterior wall of the Shish Mahal one can see the beautiful mosaic paintings that depict everyday sport of the Mughal princes for the enjoyment of the people who used to gather below the fort not only to have a view of the emperor sitting in the Jharokha but also to admire the brilliance of colour on the wall. Here one can observe galloping horses, humped camels, elephant ride, hunting scene, animal fights, horse man plying polo or chaughan, camel fights, figures of angels, demon head sand moving clouds, horse and elephant riders crossing Swords and verities of floral and geometrical designs. There are three gates to enter the fort, all three of them showing different tastes. The Masti (or correctly Masjid) Gate on the east shows Akbar’s taste of red sand stone. The Shahburj gate on the west presents the fine mosaic decorations of the time of Janhangir. The last is the Alamgiri gate built by Emperor Aurangzeb, showing tasteful simple entrance with multiple facetted Tower at either end, crowned by Kiosks.

From Shish Mahal one can have a magnificent view of the Badashahi Masjid built by Aurangzeb on a spot regained after the river Ravi shifted further away. Its magnificent Stair way leading to the elegant red sand stone gate way on the east is highly impressive. It is on the left side that later the tomb of Allama Iqbal was built. The gate way, which is preserved the relic of the Prophet and also in one of the copy of the Holy Qur’an with brilliant calligraphy, leads into a wide open courtyard, having a washing pond in its middle, and rows of cells on its sides. On its west is the main prayer chamber of oblong shape marked by four tall corner towers. On its roof are three marble dooms of bulbous shape that attract the eye from a long distance. The interior of the mosque has chaste decoration in the mehrab chamber that opened in to equally well decorated side aisles. It has a Verandah on the front that is again tastefully decorated. But the most elegant are the tall towers at four corners of the quadrangle, from the top of which one can have an unforgettable view of the city of Lahore.

There are two other beauties in the city of which the greatest monumental gems of Lahore. The first is the most chaste fully painted mosque of Wazir Khan, which was once the centre of religious and educational activities during the Mughals period. In its original design the mosque was fronted by an open maidan that presented from a distance a marvellous view of the mosque. It was built by Ilmuddin Ansari, hailing from the old trading city of Chiniot, but later he gave rise to the city of Wazirabad. He was raised to the high post of governor by Shah Jehan for his devoted service and great skill of Hikmat. But of greater importance in his taste of decorative architecture which he has translated into this mosque. The mosque plan, which is typical Mughals style but for its squat domes has tall minarets crowned by tasteful Chhatris. The most attractive is the mosaic ornamentation of the facade, the minars, and particularly the mihrab, which remains unsurpassed in its setting and choice of decorations and calligraphic work. In its charging decoration the mosque symbolises high sense of taste and marks a magnificent attraction in Lahore, to which both Shah Jehan as well as his officials gave a new face of colour and charm.

And yet the greatest jewel of the city of Lahore is the Shalimar Bagh, the unique pleasure resort that has been gifted to the world by the Mughal emperors. With paying a visit to this garden one can hardly understand the Mughal love for pleasances. In its creation what a real pleasure they have bestowed to the people of Lahore. The garden sumbolises the elixir of life that the Mughals alone could imagine. They had long left Farghana but the beauteous charm of its terraced fields lingered behind that has been recaptured in the Char bagh style of the garden in Shalimar, as Taj Mahal in Agra is the symbol of unforgettable love of emperor Shah Jehan, in the form of unique architectural creation, for the beloved queen Mumtaz Mahal, so is the Shalimar, the epitome, of Shala (fire of love), the embodiment of the highest playful joy in life that the emperor and empress could have in this world. The garden is a combination of Char baghs, water channels, fountains, Cascades, water falls and bathing hall in three different terraces, each terrace headed by beautiful pavilions for a pause of pleasurable enjoyment and then to pass on the other ponds of joy, inset with showering fountains, each terrace presenting varieties in scenic complex. Starting from a elaborate gate way in the south , with a water fountain in its middle chamber, we enter the open space, surrounded on right and left, by residential quarters, having long walkways, in the middle of either side of a channel marked by fountain, that join together on the four sides on a watery platform. And then we pass to the first pavilion that looks at a square pond remarkable sitting a cascade of a water falling down below the pavilion, series of fountains around a central seat for musicians and dancers and smaller pavilions at the four corners. From the top pavilion the elite royalties draw their pleasure from the scenic panorama in front and from the corner pavilions guests could roll in pleasance and enjoy the music of the running fountains coupled with the music of the singers and dancers. The next lower terrace begin with a rare bathing hall in the middle with water fountains lower down and lighted lamps in the arched niches of the walls. Here one could cool the legs during summer months- a novel way of cooling the atmosphere in the days when there were no electricity and air conditioners. And thus we find here a thrilling atmosphere where natural art has been channelised in the service of man. What a creation of charming loveliness that is combined with cooling water in various forms to soothe the evening of warm Lahore.

That is not all of Mughal architecture. If one likes to see the Mughal fondness for hunting, one can go to Sheikhupura, not far from Lahore , and admire the construction of Hiran Minar by Emperor Jahangir on the spot where his dearly loved deer died. That minar stands by the side of a tank which has in its middle a three storied pavilion for a general view around. If one is interested to see the defence arrangements of the Mughals, one can go to Attock on the bank of the Indus River, where Akbar built a magnificent fort, made arrangements for crossing the river by boat-bridge and laid a new road south of the Kabul river leading to Peshawar through the Khyber pass to Kabul. And then come to Attock the empress Nur Jahan, who constructed here a caravan serai, known as Begum Ki Serai, with a platform at its four corners and living rooms cooled by the Indus breeze. It is from one of the top platform that one could look at the magnificent expanse of the Indus River, full of flowing life and natural beauty, that perhaps will remain as the lasting memory of the Indus land, that is Pakistan.

Pakistani Festivals

Pakistani Festivals:.


Festivals and fairs inject life and vigour in the lives of the people living anywhere in the world. Be it tomato throwing or racing in front of fuming bull, despite the danger the show goes on with lots of fun and laughter. Likewise, people in Pakistan have their own way of sharing love and joy.

Islamic Religious Festivals

Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace.

  • Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim, others being truthfulness, modesty and good behaviour. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan.  The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). In the evening of 29th Ramadan, all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. No sooner it is sited, a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with “henna”. On Eid day, women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers, each head of the family is to give “fitrana” (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive “Eidi” – a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head – a ritual in which everyone shares. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. More than men, women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-for-the-occasion clothes.

  • Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month).  This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. On this day, all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Here too the poor are not forgotten. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts; one for distribution among the poor, second for the relatives and third for self and own family.

  • In addition to the two Eids, the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. The roads, shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. This certainly isn’t the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise.


Non Muslim Religious Festivals


The Christian community celebrates Christmas, Easter and other religious festivals as are celebrated all over the world. Although the Christmas day coincides with the birthday celebrations of the father of the nation, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, on 25th December, Muslims also visit homes of Christian friends to celebrate Christmas with them. The other minorities like Hindus, Sikhs and Parsis also celebrate their religious days with equal enthusiasm. In fact the largest community that comes from all over the world to Pakistan are the Sikhs who flock their religious sites in thousands, specially the Baba Guru Nanak birthday celebrations, in November each year.

Spring Festivals

Spring always brings happiness and adds hues to life as flowers blossom and birds sing and chirp happily. Lahore, the city of gardens covers itself with multicolour flowers and it is then that the festivities of Spring Festival, locally known as the “Jashan-e-Baharan” get into their full swing. Likewise all over the country, the spring is welcomed with dance of men and trained animals and music. Some of the festivals worth mentioning are:

  • Basant The Basant or the Festival of Kite Flying is celebrated with much fanfare and pomp and show in mid February every year in Lahore. The kite flying is a favourite pastime of Lahorites who start preparing for the festivals much in advance.  The main venue for kite flying is the old Lahore, where from dawn to next dawn (including night) flyers along with their families and friends flock on the roof tops and organize competitions.
    The kite flying even continues during night in the flood lights and the whole old Lahore is lit up in a scene to be witnessed and not described.
    When one cuts the cord of the other’s kite, drums are beaten and trumpets are blown. And the winner along with his friends and families dance. Sizzling traditional foods are served and everyone makes merry. Men wear yellow scarves while the ladies put on Gajras (traditional bangles made of flowers). Yellow is indeed the main colour in this event as it depicts the blossoming spring flowers in the fields of Punjab.
    Not to mention that over the years, the Basant Festival has somewhat become synonymous to Lahore and now coincides with the annual Horse and Cattle Show which had been forgotten for some reasons in the past. More Pictures of Basant

  • Horse and Cattle Show This is held each year in March to celebrate the incoming spring, when there still some chill left in the air. The first Horse and Cattle Show was held in 1954 and since then the show has progressed gradually. It is held at the Fortress Stadium, in Lahore Cantonment. Basically a military fanfare, which by and by has included more of rural people who bring their well fed and high quality breed horses, cattle and other animals. Cattle races & dances, tent-pegging, folk music, dances, bands, cultural floats and folk games add colour to the festival. In the evening a special tattoo show is held by the Army which creates an atmosphere of is own with hundreds of torches lit in darkness and performed skilfully in many arrangements.

  • Silk Route Festival When the other provinces are enjoying their festivities, the Silk Route Festival on the Roof of the world attracts visitors from many a adjoining countries including Xingjian Province of China and Central Asia flock together in the highest mountains of the world amid some breathtaking spectacles of scenic beauty, wildlife and nature and awe-inspiring snow peaks. The festival included folklore, arts, crafts and display of cultural heritage.

  • Sibi Mela When people in the north tuck themselves under blankets all over the country, Sibi – which lies 163 kilometres to the south east of Quetta at the mouth of the famous “Bolan Pass” almost sizzles. But this does not debar the Sibians to add colour to their lives and enjoy despite the weather odds. The traditional Sibi Mela traces its roots from the 15th century, when this town was the meeting place of all tribal chiefs of the area. The British carried on this tradition in the shape of an annual “Darbar” or meeting, combining it with a ‘Mela” (fair) where thousands of Baluchi tribesmen gathered along with their animals in mid February. Even people from Sind and Punjab also participate with their animals.
    Like the Horse and Cattle show in Lahore, horse and cattle and cultural shows, tent pegging, camel races, animal markets and exhibitions of handicrafts, tribal dresses and folk dances are the hallmark of Sibi Mela.

  • Sindh Horse & Cattle Show at Jacobabad and Jashan-e-Larkana are similar to Sibi Mela and are held in last week of February.  Traditional sports, exhibition of handicrafts, folk music and dances are displayed. Likewise Jashan-e-Shikarpur in first week of April also includes cultural activities, local sports and handicrafts exhibition.

  • The Mela Cheraghan (the Festival of Candles) is a unique festival of Lahore. It is celebrated every year on the last Sunday of March near the historic Mughal era Shalamar Gardens. The celebration is in honour of Hazrat Madho La Hussain, a mystic folk poet. The great Mughal emperor Jalaluddin Akbar (1558 1605) was one of his devotees. The saint died in the 17th century; and a mausoleum over his grave was built by the Mughal emperor Jahangir. Madho Lal Hussain’ Mausoleum is fabulously illuminated on his death anniversary .

  • Shandur Polo Festival, a traditional polo tournament between the teams of Chitral and Gilgit is held every year at the Shandur Pass (Chitral district) – the highest polo ground of the world. Once the festival commences, it has lot many added attractions, like fold music, folk dances and other competitions, for the visitors and tourists who come to this rather difficult area from all over the world. A tent village along Shandur Lake is set up in cooperation with the local administration.


Pakistan Art And Culture

Pakistan: Art And Culture
Pakistan has every reason to be proud of the thousands of years old and rich tradition of its arts and crafts. In the post-independence period, the successive governments have been providing substantial state help and initiative for the uplift of arts and crafts in the country. A wider recognition of the accomplishments of crafts-people has been facilitated by the activities of the National Crafts Council and promotional plans of organizations such as the Export Promotion Bureau and Small Industries Corporations. Pakistani craftsmen are well reputed in producing quality products in clay, stone, fabrics, carpets, wood, metal, jewelry and leather.


Pakistan has been the cradle of a civilization that dates back more than five millennium. Over the centuries, through successive waves of migrations from the north-west, as well as by internal migrations across the subcontinent, Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Arabs, and Mughals came and settled in this region. However, it was Islam and Islamic traditions that finally took roots and formed the mainspring of Pakistan’s cultural heritage.

Muslims from the earliest days, built cities, forts, palaces, mosques, madrassas (religious schools), tombs and mausoleums which are marked by simplicity and grandeur, with open spaces and abundance of light in accordance with the Islamic concept of man’s direct and open relationship with the Creator. Pakistan inherits immense treasure of culture, and the government is trying its best to preserve and promote this cultural treasure. There are several government agencies such as Pakistan National Council of Arts, Lok Virsa (Folk Heritage), National Film Development Corporation, Authority for Preservation of Moenjodaro and National Archives of Pakistan, each to perform a given set of functions in this area.


Nishan-e-Haider ( Pakistan Army Heroes )

Nishan-i-Haider ( Pakistan Army Heroes ):.

Nishan-i-Haider ( Pakistan Army Heroes )


Captain Muhammad Sarwar

He was born in 1910 in Village Sanghori, District Rawalpindi. He was commissioned into the Punjab Regiment, in 1944. During the Kashmir Operations soon after the birth of Pakistan, as a Company Commander in the 2nd Battalion of the Punjab Regiment, Captain Muhammad Sarwar launched an attack causing heavy casualties against a strongly fortified enemy position in the Uri Sector under heavy machine-gun, grenade and mortar fire. But on 27 July 1948, as he moved forward with six of his men to cut their way through a barbed wire barrier, he got martyrdom when his chest was hit by a burst of automatic fire


Naik Saif Janjua

Naik Saif Ali Khan was born on 25 April 1922 in Khandbaz Tehsil Nakial (Azad Jammu & Kashmir). He was enlisted in the Royal Corps of Engineers in British Indian Army on 18 March 1941. After completing his service in the British Indian Army in 1947, he came back to his native town and started establishing Haidri Force with the support of Sardar Fateh Muhammad Karailvi. On 1st Janaury 1948, Haidri Force was raised as “Sher-e-Riasti Battalion” under the command of Lt. Col. Muhammad Sher Khan. Due to his unflinching devotion and undaunted courage, on the recognition of his dedication and commitment to the cause, he was accoladed with the rank of Naik and was made platoon commander. He set personal examples of gallantry and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy at Bhudha Khanna where his platoon was given the responsibility to defend Budha Khanna where he faced never-ending frontal and crossfire from machine guns. He defended the post with chivalry, which he established with his few jawans and repulsed many aggressive ventures by the enemy and imposed colossal losses on them. The enemy used every mean to capture the post with two companies attack and heavy Arty bombardment but with unwavering determination and passion for Martyrdom bought the enemies on their knees. Despite facing all odds, he led his jawans while setting personal example of bravery and valour and remained steadfast and unmoved on the post. During the course of action, despite being hit on his chest by Arty fire, he retained his position and frustrated the Indian assault. Due to severe injuries he embraced Martyrdom on 26 October 1948. On 14th March 1949, the Defense Council of Azad Jammu & Kashmir adorned him with Hilal-e-Kashmir (posthumous) and on 30th November 1995 Government of Pakistan initiated the gazette notification to declare his Hilal-e-Kashmir equilent to Nishan-e Haider


Major Tufail Muhammad

He was born in 1914 in Hoshiarpur. He was commissioned into the 16th Punjab Regiment in 1943. In August 1958, Major Tufail Muhammad, a Company Commander in the East Pakistan Rifles, and his patrol encircled an Indian post in the Lakshmirpur area. And, though mortally wounded in the hand-to-hand encounter that followed, Major Tufail Muhammad continued to lead his troops till the Indians were driven out, leaving four dead and three prisoners. He embraced martyrdom the same day i.e, 7 August 1958


Major Raja Aziz Bhatti

He was born in 1928 in Hong Kong. He was commissioned into the Punjab Regiment, in 1950. On 6 September 1965, as a Company Commander in the Burki area of the Lahore sector, Major Raja Aziz Bhatti chose to stay with his forward platoon under incessant artillery and tank attacks for five days and nights in the defense of the strategic BRB Canal. Throughout, undaunted by constant fire from enemy small arms, tanks and artillery, he organized the defence of the canal, directing his men to answer the fire until he was hit by an enemy tank shell and embraced martyrdom on 10 September 1965.


Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas

He was born on 17 February 1951. He was commissioned as a pilot in the Pakistan Air Force in 1971. Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas was taxiing for take off on a routine training flight when an Instructor Pilot forced his way into the rear cockpit, seized control of the aircraft and took off. When Rashid Minhas realized that the absconding pilot was heading towards India, he tried to regain control of the plane but was unable to do so. Knowing that it meant certain death, he damaged the controls and forced the aircraft to crash thirty-two miles short of the border on 20 August 1971


Major Shabbir Sharif

He was born on 28 April 1943 in Kunjah, Gujrat District. He was commissioned into the Frontier Force Regiment on 19 April 1964. Major Shabbir Sharif, as commander of a company of 6 Frontier Force Regiment, was ordered in December 1971 to capture high ground near Sulemanki Headworks defended by more than a company of the Assam Regiment supported by a squadron of tanks. In a well organized superhuman action, for the next three days and nights after crossing a minefield and massive obstacles and killing forty-three soldiers and destroying four tanks, Major Shabbir Sharif and his men held two enemy battalions at bay. But after he took over an anti-tank gun from his gunner in an attack he embraced martyrdom by a direct hit in the afternoon of 6 December 1971.


Sowar Mohammad Hussain

He was born on 18 June 1949 in Dhok Pir Bakhsh (now Dhok Muhammad Husain Janjua). He was enlisted as a driver on 3 September 1966. Although only a driver in the 20th Lancers, when war broke out in 1971 Sowar Muhammad Hussain took an active part in every battle in which his unit was engaged unmindful of any danger, no mater how grave. When he spotted the enemy close to a minefield near the village of Harar Khurd in December 1971, on his own initiative he directed accurate fire at the enemy resulting in the destruction of sixteen enemy tanks. But while directing fire from recoilless rifles, he was hit in the chest by a burst of machine-gun fire and embraced martyrdom on 10 December 1971.


Major Muhammad Akram

He was born on 4 April 1938 in Dingha, Gujrat District.  He was commissioned in the Frontier Force Regiment on 13 October 1963. Major Muhammad Akram and a company of 4 Frontier Force Regiment, which he commanded in the forward area in Hilli district, in East Pakistan in 1971, came under incessant air, artillery and Armour attacks. But for an entire fortnight, despite enemy superiority in both numbers and fire power, he and his men repulsed every attack, inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. Major Muhammad Akram embraced martyrdom during this epic battle on 5 December 1971


Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz

He was born on 25 October 1944 in Pind Malikan (now Mahfuzabad), Rawalpindi district. He was enlisted in the Army on 25 October 1962. Serving in ‘A’ Company of 15 Punjab Regiment when war broke out in 1971, Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz was deployed on the Wagha-Attari Sector where his company was pinned down by unceasing frontal and crossfire from automatic weapons. Although his machine gun was destroyed by an enemy shell, Muhammad Mahfuz advanced towards an enemy bunker whose automatic fire had inflicted heavy casualties. Even though wounded in both legs by shell splinters, when he reached the bunker he stood up and pounced on the enemy, in the encounter he was hit with a bayonet. Although unarmed, he got hold of the enemy and did another bayonet strangling with him. Due to serious injuries he embraced martyrdom on the night of 17 December 1971.


Captain Karnal Sher Khan

He was born on 1 January 1970. He was commissioned in the Army on 14 October 1994. Captain Kernel Sher Khan emerged as the symbol of mettle and courage during the Kargil conflict on the Line of Control. He set personal examples of bravery and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy. He defended the five strategic posts, which he established with his jawans at the height of 17,000 feet at Gultary, and repulsed many Indian attacks. After many abortive attempts, the Indians on 5 July 1999 ringed the posts of Captain Kernel Sher Khan with the help of two battalions and unleashed heavy mortar fire and managed to capture some part of one of his posts. Despite facing all odds, he led a counter-attack and re-captured the lost parts of his post. But during the course, he was hit by the machine-gun fire and embraced ‘SHAHADAT’ at the same post.



Havildar Lalak Jan

He was born on 1 Apr 1967. He was enlisted in the Army on 10 December 1984. He was serving in Northern Light Infantry Regiment when skirmishes broke out in Kargil in 1999. Havildar Lalak Jan of the Northern Light Infantry Regiment fought from the forefront to thwart heavy Indian attacks. He volunteered himself to be deployed on the front positions located at the jagged peak in May 1999. Havildar Lalak Jan repulsed back many aggressive ventures by the enemy and imposed colossal losses on them. On 7 July 1999, Havildar Lalak Jan sustained serious injuries as enemies pounded the area with heavy mortar shells. But despite being injured, he retained his position and frustrated the Indian assault. Due to severe injuries he embraced martyrdom.

National Anthem of Pakistan, with audio file

National Anthem of Pakistan, with audio file:.

Blessed be the sacred land,
Happy be the bounteous realm,
Symbol of high resolve, Land of Pakistan.
Blessed be thou citadel of faith.
The Order of this Sacred Land
Is the might of the brotherhood of the people.
May the nation, the country, and the State
Shine in glory everlasting.
Blessed be the goal of our ambition.

This flag of the Crescent and the Star
Leads the way to progress and perfection,
Interpreter of our past, glory of our present,
Inspiration of our future,
Symbol of Almighty’s protection.

Lyrics: Abu al-Asar Hafeez Jullandhri, 1951
Music: Ahmed Chagla, 1950
Adopted: 1954
Duration : 80 Seconds

Downlaod National Anthem of Pakistan(Audio MP3)

Landmarks of Pakistan

Each country has symbols, monuments, structures which become its recognition the world over. Eiffel Tower of France, Statue of Liberty of USA and the London Bridge for UK. As of Pakistan, Koh Kambaran (Ras Koh Hills), Minar-e-Pakistan, the Grand Trunk Road,  the Badshahi Mosque, Shahi Qilla, Shalamar Bagh, the River Indus, the K-2 , the Trango Towers, the KKH, Zamzamma (the Kim’s Gun), the Rohtas Fort and the Blind Dolphin of River Indus are some of the many landmarks that have become synonymous to Pakistan. Two buildings attributed to Jinnah (Quaid-e-Azam), founder of Pakistan, one his mausoleum at Karachi and his last resting place at Ziarat, Balochistan just before his death have assumed significant importance. The tower like structure of Government College (and University) at Lahore not only is a symbol of structural might but also of quality education and torch bearer of enlightenment for future generations. An exception has been made in this section by adding “Kafir Kalash – the Wearers of the Black Robe” as one of the landmarks of Pakistan, for the simple reason that these people are unique in the entire world and tourists from all over the world come to see them and try to trace back their ancestry.

This section of MadeinPk.COM highlights the history, importance and structure details of some of the landmarks in Pakistan.

Kafir Kalash in Pakistan – kalash Valley

Kafir Kalash in Pakistan – kalash Valley:.

Kafir Kalash

The Wearers of Black Robe

Kalash Valley: Where Fairies Dance and Sing

Obscured by high mountains and treacherous muddy tracks, there live a people up in the north of Pakistan, who do not even know who they are or from where they came to live a life of isolation – yet maintain and protect their beliefs, their ideology and way of living. Their ancestry is enveloped in mystery and has always remained a subject of controversy. A legend says that five soldiers of the legions of Alexander of Macedonia settled in Chitral and are the progenitors of the Kafir-Kalash. One can still find similarities between the sports and games (specially the wrestling and shot-put style with those practiced in the ancient Olympics. Their features are not local and are thought to resemble those of the South-European characteristics. Some even find their influence of Greek music in Kalash music. Alexander the Great when encountered Kalash, he is said to have remarked that he encountered strange wooden boxes, which his troops chopped up to be used as firewood. These “boxes” were actually coffins for their dead following the custom which the Kalash Kafirs of Chitral still have of leaving their dead outside in wooden coffins. He also described them as a light skinned race of European type people, which is exactly what they are. Kalash ruled over the areas now part of the Chitral Valley and neighbouring Afghanistan for three centuries (1200-1400AD). Remnants and ruins of Kalash forts can still be seen Uchusht and Asheret . The famous bridge over Chitral River known as Chee Bridge was also built by a Kalash ruler. The names of Bala Sing, Razhawai and Nagar Shao are still alive in the folklore of Chitral. They were the most prominent among the eight Kalash Kings.

Between the town of Drosh and Chitral city, a track turn to the left from village of Ayun on Kunar river to the Kalash Valley, where these strange yet attractive people live in three villages of Rukmu, Mumret and Biriu (called Rambur, Bumburet and Birir in local Kalashi language), south of Chitral. Bumburet (above right), the largest and the most picturesque valley of the Kafirs, is 40 kilometres from Chitral and is connected by a jeepable road. Birir and Rambur are located at a distance of 34 and 32 kilometres respectively from Chitral. The present population of the Kafir Kalash is approximately 3,000. However, after living in obscurity for long, their children are now studying in local schools, but do not move out to seek other avenues of livelihood and continue to cling to their age old traditions and customs.

The villages are situated on the southern face of the hillside about 50-100 meters above the river. This protects them from invaders and the floods in summer, and at the same time helps to get sunshine during the winter. The snow that lies on the bottom of the ravine and in the shade do not melt until spring. In summer to avoid the sun, some people live in a second house built on the opposite side of the river. The Kalash Valleys have extensive forests of Holly-Oak and Himalayan cedar. Walnut, Apricot, Apple, Pear and Mulberry trees abound near the villages.

The Kalash women wear five large braids of and the ‘Cheo’, a black woolen homespun dress, red-beaded necklaces by the dozen, and an exceptional head piece (shaped differently in each valley) covered in cowrie shells, beads and trinkets that flow down their back. For their black robes, the Kalash are sometimes referred to as the “Wearers of the Black Robes”. Kalash means black in their language.

Rudyard Kipling’s “The Man Who Would Be King” is purported to be in the Kafir Kalash Valleys. In the late 19th century the present day Kalash Valley was known as Kafiristan — Land of the Infidels — and extended to several valleys in present day Afghanistan. However, the inhabitants of the Afghan Kafir valleys were forcibly converted to Islam, leaving only the tribes of the three valleys of Rambur Bumburet and Birir to carry on their centuries-old animistic culture. In order to conserve this primitive pagan tribe and to protect their distinctive identity, unparalleled in the world, the Government of Pakistan has officially forbidden anybody from trying to convert these tribes to another religion.

The Kalash tribes have their own distinctive religious and social traditions. The Kalash believe in God they call “Deziao”. However their religious practices are a mixture of animism and ancestor worship. Their god is represented in wooden effigy, while animal effigies represent their belief in animism. There is also a concept of male and female sacred spirits called “Dewalok” who are responsible for different activities and are believed to communicate prayers to Deziao. There is also a concept of pure-impure dualism in Kalash religion. The pure is called ‘Onjesta’- the pure – while women are considered Pragata- the impure. They leave their dead open in the coffins, even when the bodies have become mere skeletons (below left). They usually leave all of the belongings of that person next to their coffins. At nightfall, animals and other beasts of pray come down the mountains and eat up what remains of that dead while the belongings are carried away by other inhabitants in the area. The Kafirs end up believing that the deceased has gone along with his belongings. The Kalash graveyards are smelly for the obvious reason and the faint hearted should not go as they should expect to see unsuitable scenes.


Kalash women adorned with make-up and their necks laden with bright orange and yellow necklaces, wear brightly coloured embroidered robes, which go very well with their rather fair colour and generally blue eyes. The women in Kalash are expected to treasure traditional knowledge. Yet when it comes to sitting around for a lunch or dinner, like many other agrarian communities, they are suppose to take a back seat, eat less and offer the better dietary constituents, like butter, milk and meat, to their brothers, husbands and sons. There are special laws for women. In the special days, women are sent to make shift made shelters (above centre), called “Bashali”,  till they are clean. There are also segregation rooms (above right) for expecting mothers. The Kalash believe that women in later stages of pregnancy are impure therefore they avoid getting into contact with them. For this purpose, these special rooms are built where such women live up to four months. All food and other necessities are provided to them during their stay, but care is taken in not touching the impure women.

While visiting the holy places, care should be taken that altars and holy places could only be visited by male tourists not by females because women are not allowed to these sacred places and it is strictly forbidden for them. In addition, there are some places like Bashali, Bashalini (Menstruation House) where the males are not allowed..

The wooden temples of the Kalash are often elaborately carved, especially around the doors, pillars and ceilings. Some of the holy places are closed to women; both Kalash and foreign. If a woman accidentally goes to these places, they are fined a goat or an equivalent amount of money. They make offerings to several gods, each of which protects a different aspect of life and livelihood; animals, crops, fruits, family etcetera. The Kalashi build their houses of timber and fill the cracks between the logs with mud and pebbles. They have holes in their roofs to let smoke escape through the wooden ceiling. In summer, the Kalash women can be seen, sitting on the wide verandah on the second story, cooking or weaving. The Kafir women are known for their toughness since all household chores and work in the fields are performed by them while the men can be spotted either idling around with other men or taking care of the kids in the homes or doing other minor chores.

     kalash drajjahilak dance

The Kalash are a friendly and cheerful people, who love music and dancing, particularly on their religious festivals like Joshi Chilamjusht (14th & 15th May in spring), Phool (20th-25th September) and Chowas (18th to 21st December). In the spring festival Joshi, autumn festival Uchao, weddings, funerals, feasts and on many other occasions the whole society of the Kalash gather and participate in a grand performance called cha, drajahilak and dushak. These are set performances all consisting of song (ghu), dance (nat) and the drums but the details differ respectively. 5 to 10 elders make a circle and one of them will sing alone, followed by a chorus. Besides them there will be one set of drummers, one playing a barrel shaped drum called dahu and the other a glass-hour shaped drum, wach. Around the elders and the drummers, 20 to 200 dancers dance while singing.

Chowas (or Choimus)  Festival: Chowas is a winter festival celebrated to welcome the New Year. The entire population remains indoor. It is celebrated by feasting and merry making until the elders, who sit on a hill top, watching the sun reaching the orbit, then declare the advent of the New Year. Children go up to the mountain, where they divide into boys and girls, and respectively make a big bonfire. After singing songs for some time the fire will be extinguished and then the two groups will compete with each other for the size of the smoke that rises up in the air. Then they all go down the mountain and return to the village singing ” songs of Sarazari” carrying branches cut down from the mountain top. The elders will be waiting chanting songs in the village.

Joshi Festival: In the month of May, when the entire valley is cloaked in green, covered with the leaves of the walnut tree, it is time for Joshi. Everyone is waiting for the festival to start. Young ladies are busy preparing their dresses for this special day.

The first day of Joshi is “Milk Day”, on which the Kalash offer libations of milk that has been saved for ten days prior to the festival.

Pu Festival of Birir: When the walnuts and grapes are all collected and wine-making is done, it is time for Pu festival in Biriu. Guru is the first village you encounter in the valley and at the entrance of the next you shall meet the wooden statues gandaw.

While the Kalash are trying to conserve their traditional style and lifestyle, some of them are reaching out to the outer world to prove their abilities and knowledge. One of such Kalashis is Lakshan Bibi (pictured right), an avid Kalash women rights activist and a pilot. When in her villages, one cannot differentiate her from other Kalash women since she continues to attire in the traditional Kalash dress. She can speak English, Greek, Urdu and Pashto, besides local Kuhwar. She runs an NGO and different educational and health institutions. She is also instrumental in arranging and conducting  visits of Kalash girls to different countries all over the globe to project the Kalash culture.

Visiting Kalash: The temperature of Kalash is very pleasant in summers and the best time to visit is between May and September if someone is planning a visit by road.  For those using air link, one can extend it by another two months. The maximum temperature of Kalash valley in summers is between 23°C to 27°C and the mean minimum temperature is between 2°C to 1°C. In winters, the entire region in general and Kalash Valley in particular comes in the grip of cold northerly winds. The extreme minimum temperature recorded in the valleys have been -4.8°C to -15°C for the month of January and February. The valley get rainfall between 700mm to 800mm. From December to March occasionally even later, snowfall is quite frequent Kalash valley.


Pakistan VISA Information


Immigration Check posts at Pakistani Airports are authorised to issue 30 days landing permit to the tourists entering Pakistan without visa except nationals of the countries borne on negative list.

All the Regional Passport Offices in Pakistan are authorised to allow initial three months entry visa to the tourists and to allow one extension upto three months. They are further authorised to grant entry visa to the tourists (except the nationals of the countries borne on negative list) entering Pakistan on landing permit for a period of three months from the date of entry into Pakistan, charging visa fee fixed on reciprocal basis.

The Regional Passport Offices are further authorised to allow, on application, not more than two re-entries to the tourists, charging prescribed visa fee subject to a minimum of US$ 10 only.

The Pakistan Missions abroad are authorised to issue tourist visa for a maximum period of three months librally to all foreign nationals except to the Indian nationals and the foreigners of Indian origin.

All foreign nationals, including tourists, are exempted from police registration, except the nationals from negative list countries.

In order to provide facility to the foreigners visiting Northern Areas, Deputy Commissioner of Gilgit and Skardu are authorized to allow extension to the tourists for a period of three months and one re-entry charging visa fee as per tourist visa policy.

Application Requirement for Visa: Valid passport, 02 passport-size photographs, completed application form, confirmed return/onward air-ticket (if travelleing by air) and proof of sufficient amount of foreign currency. Visa fee varies from country to country and type of visa.


Passport Required ?
Visa Required ?
Return Ticket Required ?













Restricted entry and transit : The Government of Pakistan refuses entry to nationals of Israel, even for transit. Nationals of Afghanistan are refused entry if their passports or tickets show evidence of transit or boarding in India.

PASSPORTS : Passport valid for six months beyond the intended length of stay required by all.

VISAS : Required by all except the following:
(a) holders of a Pakistan Origin Card (POC) regardless of nationality for unlimited stay;
(b) nationals of Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago for an unlimited period;
(c) nationals of Iceland, Maldives and Zambia for visits of up to a maximum of three months;
(d) nationals of Nepal and Samoa, and holders of Chinese passports issued in Hong Kong, for visits of up to 30 days;
(e) transit passengers continuing their journey within 24 hours by the same or first connecting aircraft, provided they are holding onward or return documentation and not leaving the airport;
(f) holders of UN Laissez-passer.

Note : Visitors whose stay in Pakistan exceeds 30 days must report to the nearest Foreigners Registration Office for registration.

Types of visa and cost : Price of visa varies according to nationality. For UK nationals, prices are: Single-entry (£45); Double-entry (£60); Multiple-entry (£81). For Pakistanis holding dual nationality, prices are: Adult: (£24) Child (12-18 years old): £12; valid for stays of up to one year. Certain nationals are issued visas free of charge, but they must be obtained prior to travel. For further information, consult the High Commission or Embassy.

Validity : Six months from the date of issue for stays of up to three months. A Multiple-entry visa allows six journeys in a total period not exceeding one year, with a maximum three-month stay at any one time.

Application to : Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy or High Commission); see Contact Addresses section.

Application requirements : (a) Valid passport. (b) One application form. (c) Two passport-size photos. (d) Confirmed return/onward ticket. (e) Proof of sufficient funds for duration of stay. (f) Fee payable by cash or postal order only. (g) For business trips, a letter of invitation from a company in Pakistan.

Working days required : Depends on nationality (in UK, visas are normally granted within 24-48 hours). Enquire at the nearest Consulate or Embassy.

Universities in Pakistan

Universities in Pakistan:.

Universities in Pakistan


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The Symbol of Struggle for Pakistan

Minar-e-Pakistan in the lqbal Park, Lahore was constructed to commemorate the famous Lahore Resolution which on 23 March 1940, in which Pakistan Muslim League, the single representative political party of all Muslims of the India in its historic 34 annual session unanimously demanded the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of this sub-continent. The Minar is a blend of Mughal and modern architecture and has been very boldly designed. The foundation stone was laid on 23 March 1960 by the governor West Pakistan Mr Akhtar Hussain in the Minto Park, which was later renamed as Iqbal Park, after poet Dr Iqbal who first gave the idea of a separate Muslim country for the Muslims of the British India.  The minar was architectured by Naseer ud Din Mira’at Khan who was a graduate of St. Petersburg University and originally belonged to Daghistan, USSR. He came to Pakistan and married here. From 1953-58 he was consultant to the Government of Pakistan on construction and was the man behind the designing of Police Training College, Sihala, Qadaffi Stadium Lahore and many other buildings. It i s said that in early 1963,President Ayub Khan called Mr. Mira’at in governor house Lahore and took out fountain pen from his pocket and placed it vertically on the table and asked Mr. Mira’at that he wanted a monument “burj (the word he used)” like this to be build. The design approved by the President was built under the personal supervision of Mr. Mira’at by Mian Abdul Khaliq and Company. The Minar was completed on 31 October 1968 at an estimated cost of Rs. 7.5 million. The money was collected by imposing additional tax on the cinema and horse racing tickets

The base of the tower is raised approximately 4 meters from the ground. It rises up to approximately 13 metres. forming a sculpted, flower-like base. From this point it tapers as it rises. The base platform is shaped like a 5-point star and it encloses crescent shaped pools.  The overall height of the monument is approximately 60 meters. It is constructed in reinforced concrete, all poured in-situ. The floors and walls are rendered in stone and marble. From base to some 181 feet height, concrete and steel has been used, while the top 16.5 feet portion is made of stainless steel to avoid it from corrosion. The lower portion / base is made of coarse marble, indicating the initial  rough days of independence, while walls and upper portion have smooth marble showing gradual development and prosperity. On the base, all around the Minar are ten marble slabs of seven feet tall and two feet in width, on with 99 names of Allah have been written. Other inscriptions include excerpts from the speeches of Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan related to ideology of Pakistan, in Urdu, Bengali and English, besides the National Anthem in Urdu and Bengali and a verse from Dr Allama Iqbal. Some Quranic verses (Surah Baqarah, Surah Al e Imran, Surah Myedah and Surah Ra’ad) have also been inscribed. On the main entrance “Allah o Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) and “Minar-e-Pakistan” are inscribed.

There are 324 stairs to go to the top, besides a lift. The first balcony is 30 feet high, second at 50 feet. There is a separate “Chabootra” abou 12 feet high some distance away from the Minar, on which Quranic aya “Allah al mashriaq wal maghrab” is inscribed. The resting place of Hafeez Jalandhari, the writer of the national anthem of Pakistan, is also in the courtyard of the minar. The Mianr was initially named “Yadgar-e-Pakistan” but was later rightly renamed as “Minar-e-Pakistan”. For architectural details

The Minar-e-Pakistan or “Pakistan Day Memorial” has been erected as a monument in commemoration of the Lahore Resolution in Iqbal Park. This is the site where in 1940 the Muslim League held its historic 34th annual session and demanded a separate homeland for Muslims.

The base of the tower is raised approximately 4m. from the ground. It rises up to approximately 13m. forming a sculpted, flower-like base. From this point it tapers as it rises. The base platform is shaped like a 5-point star and it encloses crescent shaped pools.

The overall height of the monument is approximately 60m. It is constructed in re-enforced concrete, all poured in-situ. The floors and walls are rendered in stone and marble.
The Minar-e-Pakistan or “Pakistan Day Memorial” has been erected as a monument in commemoration of the Lahore Resolution in Iqbal Park. This is the site where in 1940 the Muslim League held its historic 34th annual session and demanded a separate homeland for Muslims.

The base of the tower is raised approximately 4m. from the ground. It rises up to approximately 13m. forming a sculpted, flower-like base. From this point it tapers as it rises. The base platform is shaped like a 5-point star and it encloses crescent shaped pools.

The overall height of the monument is approximately 60m. It is constructed in re-inforced concrete, all poured in-situ. The floors and walls are rendered in stone and marble

Shrines Tombs & Mosques in Pakistan

Shrines Tombs & Mosques in Pakistan :


This white marble Mausoleum with its curved Moorish arches and copper grills resets on an elevated 54 sq. meters platform. The cool inner sanctum reflects the green of a four-tiered crystal chandelier gifted by the peoples Republic of China. The memorial slab framed with silver rallings dawas people from far and wide who come to pay their respects to the father of the Nation and to watch the impressive changing of guards cermony that takes place everyday. Today the Quaid-e-Azam`s Mausoleum is a prominent and impressive landmark of Karachi. Nearby are the graves of the “Quaid-e-Millat”. Liaqat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and the Quaid`s sister, Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah.

Outside the Badshahi Mosque, near its steps, lies the tomb of Allama Iqbal, the poet- philosopher of the East. The mausoleum is a mixture of Afghan and Moonsh styles of architecture and is constructed entirely of red sandstone.

The Royal or the Badshahi Mosque is across the courtyard from Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort. The Mosque, which is made up entirely of red sand-stone was built by Emperor Aurangzeb, the last of the great Mughals, in a record time of two and-a-half years. Its construction was completed by 1674 A.D. It has a beautiful gate-way which measures 21.33 metres in length and a courtyard that measures 161.5 x 160.6 metres and is said to be the largest mosque courtyard in the world for outdoor prayers.

The marble domes cover seven prayer chambers. Four lofty minarets stand at the four corners of the mosque, each with an outer circumference of 20 metres, soaring up to 54 metres. In the chambers above the Gate of the mosque, are housed relics attributed to the Holy Prophet of Islam Peace be upon him, His Daughter and His son-in-law and are said to have been brought to the South Asia by Amir Taimur. Within the Mosque almost all the colours have been used for painting the floral designs but the overall effect remains one of sobriety, piousness and simplicity

Golden Mosque is situated in the Kashmiri Bazaar inside the old city. It was built in 1753 A.D. by Nawab Syed Bhikari Khan, who was Deputy Governor of Lahore. It is a remarkably beautiful mosque with three golden domes.

The tomb of the fourth great Mughal Emperor, Jehangir, lies 5 km north-west of Lahore across the River Ravi. It has a majestic structure made of red sand-stone and marble. The outer entrance to the tomb opens out into a court-yard which was used as a caravan Serai during Mughal times. An entrance to the right leads into a Mughal garden with exact geometrical patterns balancing each side. The marble tomb is approached from four corridors leading from the garden. Three of these corridors are closed by intricate marble screens. The marble grave is elaborately inlaid with floral designs and the 99 Attributes of Allah are inscribed on its two sides. On the top is a verse from the Holy Quran. The tomb was built by Queen Noor Jehan and the Emperor’s son Shah-Jehan, around 1637 A.D.

The Empress Noor Jehan, “Light of the world” was the only Empress whose name appeared on the coins of the Mughal empire. She was buried in 1645 A.D. at Shahdara (Lahore) outside Jehangir’s mausoleum across the railway line.

Her tomb once had a marble cenotaph which she had built herself during her life time. After the decline of Mughal rule, the tomb suffered extensive damages along with her husband’s tomb at the hands of Sikh marauders when they gained power during the early part of nineteenth century. Both were stripped of most of its original beauty and splendour. All treasures and tiles, it is said, were carted off to decorate the Golden Temple at Amritsar India.

The tomb of Nadira Begum, alias Anarkali, is situated in a corner of the Civil Secretariat of Punjab Government at Lahore.

The tomb is circular in shape and rooted with a vast and lofty dome supported from inside by eight massive arches 12 feet 3 inches thick. It is a masterpiece of solid masonry work of early Mughal period and is neatly and beautifully fitted up.

The tombs of the ex-rulers of Bahawalpur and their families are located in Derawar Fort:. The tombs have nice glazed blue tile work. Prior permission of the senior Amir of Bahawalpur is required to enter the fort.

Shrines of Channan Pir
The Shrine of Channan Pir is located 45 Km from Derawar Fort. Channan Pir was a disciple of Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht. The annual Urs is held at the beginning of March. A colourful fair known as ‘Mela Channan Pir’ is held here. Devotees gather on the night of full moon to offer “Fateha” at the tomb of the saint.

Shrines of Bahawalpur Division are that of Khawaja Noor Muhammad known as Qibla-e-Alam at Chishtian, Shrine of another saint at Chachran and the shrine of Hazrat Mohkam Din known as ‘Sahib-us-Sair’ (great traveller) at Khanqah Sharif, 20 Km from Bahawalpur.

Mosque at Bhong: Bhong is in Rahim Yar Khan district, about 200 Km from Bahawalpur. Rais Ghazzi, a local landlord of Bhong, built this mosque. Gold leaves have been used for the intricate decorative work and stylish calligraphic work in the mosque, which has made it famous for its beauty.

Hasan Abdal & Gurudwara Panja Sahib

Hasan Abdal is 48 km from Rawalpindi. It is a beautiful, quiet place and a convenient halting point on G.T. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad.

This town has a particular association with Mughals and Sikhs. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings, on their way to Kashmir. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a scared rock with the hand print of their religious leader, Guru Nanak. Twice a year, Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.

On the nearby hill, at an altitude of 714 meters, there is a meditation chamber related to a 15th century Muslim Saint, Baba Wali Qandhari, popularly known as Baba Hasan Abdal. The saint stayed in Hasan Abdal from c.1406 – 1416 AD but died and buried in village Baba Wali near Qandhar (Afghanistan). The devotees and visitors climb over the steps leading to the hill, for offerings and to have a panoramic view of Hasan Abdal.

Just opposite the eastern gate of Gurudwara Panja Sahib, there is a small mosque and ‘chilla gah’ (meditation cell) of Baba Wali Qandhari. Behind the mosque is a fresh water pond with big Mahasheer fish. Adjacent to the pond is a building called Maqbara Hakeeman. Two Royal Hakeem (doctor) brothers namely, Abual Fateh Gilani (died 1589 AD) and Hamam Gilani (died 1595 AD) are buried here on the orders of the Mughal emperor Akbar. Both, the fish pond and the tomb, were built by Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, Akbar’s minister, between 1581 – 1583 AD. A paved path leads from the fish pond to a small, walled garden. The garden has two graves, one in the centre and the other in a corner. The central grave is wrongly attributed to a so-called Mughal Princess, Lala Rukh. However, it is not known that who is buried here.

Shrines in Multan

The devastation of Khorasan and Western Iran was to the benefit of this part of Pakistan, for it led to the settling in this city of a large number of pious and learned men and noble families like Gardezi Syeds and Qureshis from Khwarizm, amongst whom Sheikh Bahauddin Zakarai is a famous saint. About the same time Pir Shams Sabzawari from Sabzwar and Kazi Qutbuddin from Kashan came to Multan. Baba Farid Shakar Ganj was born in a village of Multan, and settled in Pakpattan. Khawaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki passed through Multan to Delhi and Syed Jalal, the spiritual leader of many families in Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur came to Uch. Sultan Sakhi Sarwar‘s father also emigrated from Bukhara to Sarwar Shah Kot in Multan district. These venerable men contributed greatly to spreading Islam in this area. The saints and shrines of Multan have been attracting a large number of devotees all the year round.

One of the foremost scholars of Islam, Shaikh Baha-ud-din Zakria’s shrine is located in the fort. He was born in 1170 A.D., Studied in Turan and Iran and received instructions from Shaikh Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi at Baghdad. The saint built himself his Mausoleum himself. It has a unique style of architecture of that period. It also houses the graves of most of the eminent members of the Qureshi family, including that of Nawab Muzaffar Khan.

The Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam, the grandson of Shaikh Bahauddin Zakaria, is also located near the main gate of the Multan fort. He was also a man of great religious and political influence during the Tuhglaq reign and was in Multan when it was visited by Ibn-e-Batuta. The Mausoleum was originally built by Emperor Ghayasud Din Tughlaq but was given up by his son Muhammad Tughlaq in favour of Shah Rukn-e-Alam. Besides its religious importance, the Mausoleum has a unique architectural value. Its some is considered to be the second largest in the world. The Mausoleum has recently been given the Agha Khan award for the best Muslim architecture. Some of the interesting statistics of its architecture are:

(a) Total height above the road level is 150 ft
(b) Total height of building is 100 ft
(c) Octagonal upper structure diameter is 26 ft
(d) Octagonal lower structure diameter is 52 ft
(e) The dome on top has a diameter of 58 ft

The Mausoleum has very rich geometrical patterns, calligraphy and colourful floral, mosaic and glazed tile work. Devotees visit the shrine all the year round.

The shrine of Hazrat Shams Sabzwari is located near Aam-Khas Garden. A descendant of Imam Jaffar, he was born in 1165 A.D. The saint died in 1276 A.D. and his shrine was built by his grandson in 130 A.D.

Other Shrines: Other Shrines in Multan include those of Mohammad Yousaf Gardezi near Bohar Gate, Musa Pak Shaheed inside the Pak Gate, Totla Mai near Haram Gate, Shah Ali Akbar, a descendant of Shah Shams Sabzwari, in Suraj Miani and Baba Safra near Eidgah.

The famous mosques of Multan are Wali Mohammad Mosque in Chowk Bazar built by Ali Muhammad Khakwani in 1758 A.D., Mosque Phulhatt in Chowk Bazar built by Emperor Farrukh Siyar, Baqarabadi Mosque built by Baqar Khan in 1720 A.D. and the beautiful Eidgah Mosque built by Nawab Abdul Samad Khan in 1735 A.D.

Shrines of Channan Pir: The Shrine of Channan Pir is located 45 Km from Derawar Fort. Channan Pir was a disciple of Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht. The annual Urs is held at the beginning of March. A colourful fair known as ‘Mela Channan Pir’ is held here. Devotees gather on the night of full moon to offer “Fateha” at the tomb of the saint.

Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad

This beautiful mosque was designed by a renowned Turkish Architect, Vedat Dalokay and named after the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. It is spread over 1,89,705 sq.metres with 88 meters high minarets and 40 meters high main prayer hall. The main prayer hall can accommodate 10,000 persons while the covered porticos and verandahs can take over 24,000 worshipers. The main courtyard has space for 40,000 people.

Shrine of Shah Abdul Latif (Bari Imam)

Noorpur Shahan, a village situated at the foot of Margallah Hills, near Qaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, is famous for the mirror-studded shrine of Hazrat Shah Abdul Latif Kazmi, popularly known as Bari Imam. The shrine was originally built on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. The death anniversary (Urs) of Bari Imam is observed in the first week of May beginning Monday through Thursday with lot of festivities representing the Potohar culture and attracts people from all over the country.

There is a cave in the Margallah Hills on the back of the shrine where Bari Imam used to sit for meditation. A mosque, where he preached and acted as Imam, is located on Hill Road. The tomb of his father is located on the Shahrah-e-Kashmir opposite the Aabpara Market. Bari Imam is said to have predicted that a new city would be built near his tomb, which will greatly serve the cause of Islam.

Shrine of Syed Meher Ali Shah

The shrine of Syed Meher Ali Shah of Golra Sharif is located 18 km from Rawalpindi, in sector E-11 of Islamabad. He was descendant of a Syed family and had links with Syed Abdul Qadir Gilani of Baghdad. He was born in 1859, preached and spread the message of Islam during the turbulent times in South Asia. He also wrote beautiful prose and poetry in Persian, Arabic and Punjabi languages, mostly in praise of God and Muhammad (peace be upon him). He died on May 11, 1937. His mausoleum was recently reconstructed comprising of a dome, and a high minaret built with marble. Devotees assemble here on the occasion of annual Urs.

Shrine of Data Sahib

Close to the junction of the Lower Mall and the Circular Road, Lahore is the shrine of Data Sahib. Data Sahib was a great sufi saint whose well-known work, “Kashf-ul-Mahjub” has been translated from the original Persian into several European languages and is considered a classic. Attached to the Shrine is a beautiful mosque

Qutbuddin Aibak’s Tomb

He was appointed Governor of India in 1191 AD by Muhammad Ghauri. He established the Slave Dynasty on the death of Muhammad Ghauri in 1206 when he assumed independence of his reign and was followed by nine other slave kings. He was a patron of the building art and is known to have erected some monumental stone buildings in Delhi and elsewhere. A very avid player of polo, he died in Lahore in 1210 AD while playing the game. His tomb can be visited in Anarkali Bazaar.

Asif Khan’s Mausoleum

In the courtyard near Jehangir tomb lies buried his brother-in-law, Asif Khan, father of Shah Jehan’s beloved Queen Arjumand Bano. He lies in a tomb today shows little of its former splendour.

Pakistan city Quetta

Pakistan city Quetta:.



Quetta, derived from kwatta meaning fort in Pushtu, the fruit garden of Pakistan and the capital of Baluchistan is the legendary stronghold of the western frontier. It sits at 1,680 metres (5,500 feet) above sea level.

Quetta is one of the most important military stations of the country, occupying a vital and strategic position on account of the fact that the boundaries of Iran and Afghanistan meet here, and the Bolan Pass lies on important lines of communications.

Area and Population

It has a population of around 676,941 people with an area of about 2,653 sq. kms. The district lies at 30.21°North latitude and 67.02° East longitude.


Quaid-e-Azam House, Ziarat
Quaid-e-Azam House, Ziarat

Quick Facts


0.67 million approx.
2653 sq. km

Quetta tribesman are strong and silent in their bearing, they are known for their friendliness and hospitality. To make a visitor comfortable is part of their tradition. The main bazaar on Jinnah Road is full of Pathan traders wearing huge turbans, Baluchi hawkers with red embroidered caps, and  full-skirted nomad women carrying bundles of imported cloth for sale.

It is always crowded and colorful. Baluchi mirror-work embroidery, jackets, fur coats, sandals, Afghan carpets onyx,semiprecious stones, dried fruit and nuts are the best buys in the bazaar.The Kandahari Bazaar on Iqbal Road, which crosses Jinnah Road at right angles, and the Liaquat Bazaar on Liaquat Road, are also good hunting grounds for Baluchi souvenirs.


Quetta is a major Tourist attraction. It envisages all the colors of thrill, adventure and enjoyment. Some prominent bazaars of Quetta are on Shahrah-e-Iqbal (Kandahari Bazaar) and Shahrah-e-Liaquat (Liaquat Bazaar and Suraj Gang Bazaar).

Hanna Lake

Hanna Lake


Liaquat Bazaar
Suraj Gang Bazaar
Kandahari Bazaar

Here tourists can find colorful handicrafts, particularly Balochi mirror work embroidery which is admired all over the world. For Cuisine crazy, there are lots of sumptuous dishes to feast upon.

One must-try balochi dish is their specialty called, “Sajji” (leg of lamb), which is roasted to a delightful degree of tenderness and is not very spicy.

Natural Beauty

A wide variety of Mammals like Markhors, “Gad” (wild sheep), leopards, wolves, hyena, hares, wild cats and porcupines can be found in Quetta. While Birds may contain species of partridge, warblers, shikras, blue rock pigeon, rock nuthatch, golden eagle, sparrows, hawks, falcons and bearded vultures etc.

For Flora of Quetta, one may find about 225 species of some pretty exotic plants like; pistachios, juniper, wild olives, wild ash and wild almonds. Also found amongst such Flora are wide range of shrubs like; wild fig, barbery, wild cherry, makhi and herbs like; Ephedra intermadia, gerardiana etc.


The city is the site of a geophysical institute, the geological survey of Pakistan, Sandeman Library, and two government colleges affiliated with the University of Peshawar. In 1970, with the creation of the University of Baluchistan a new wave of educational experience started for the residents of Quetta.


Although Quetta is on the western edge of PAKISTAN but still it is connected with the country through a wide network of roads, railways and airways. Quetta is connected to Lahore by 727 mile long railway line. Similarly it is also connected through railways with Peshawar (986 mils away) and Karachi which is 536 miles away.

Quetta is well connected by roads to the rest of the country. A recently built road connects it with Karachi through Mastung, Kalat, Khuzdar and Las Bela. Another road connecting Quetta to Karachi follows the Sibi, Jacobabad, Sukkur and Hyderabad route.

Quetta and Lahore are also connected through two routes. The older route is the Sibi, Sukkur, Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalpur and Multan route. Another route is via Loralai, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan.


Pakistan Postal Codes

Pakistan Postal Codes ::.


Post Code


Post Code



Lahore G.P.O.




Lahore Gulberg




Lahore Cantt


Bagh (A.J.K)


Lahoer Model Town




Lahore Ferozepure road




Lahore Awan Colony




Lahore Iqbal Town




Lahore Chah Miran




Lahore Walton


Ckaklala Cantt


Lahore Ismail Nagar




Lahore Baghban- Pura




Lahore Town Ship




Lahore Shahdara- Bagh


Dera Ghazi Khan


Lahore Mughal Pura


Dera Ismail Khan


Lahore Multan road




Punjab University New Campus






Fateh Jang






Mandi Bahauddin


Gujar Khan














Mirpur (A.J.K.)




Mirpur Khas


Hasan Abdal




Hyderabad G.P.O.




Islamabad G.P.O.


Muzaffarabad (A.J.K.)








Nawab Shah


Jang Shahi












Karachi Al-Haidry




Karachi Defence


Qila Sheikhupura


Karachi G.P.O.


Quetta G.P.O.


Karachi F.B. Area


Rahim Yar Khan


Karachi City G.P.O.


Rawalkot (A.J.K)


Karachi Gulshan-e-Iqbal


Rawalpindi G.P.O.


Karachi Korangi




Karachi New Town




Karachi PECHS (Block # 6)


Saidu Sharif


Karachi Nazimabad G.P.O.




Karachi Saddar G.P.O.




Karachi Cantt




Karachi Clifton










Sawabi G.P.O
















Toba Tek Singh














Kamo Ke


Wah Cantt


Kalar Kahar


Wazir Abad



PIA Worldwide Office Contact Information

PIA Worldwide Office Contact Information :
PIA Worldwide Office Contact Information

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Uzbekistan   Tashkent       3712-454957/451947/451956 7-3712-406388


Pakistan city Peshawar



The Capital and the largest city of the North West Frontier Province (N.W.F.P), Peshawar, has enjoyed tremendous historical, Military and political importance because of the Khyber Pass which has been a vintage point as a gateway for invaders of the sub-continent.

Peshawar derives its name from a Sanskrit word ‘Pushpapura’, meaning the city of flowers. Peshawar’s flowers were even mentioned in Mughal Emperor Babur’s memoirs.

Area and Population

It has an area of 1257 sq. km and a population of about 950,000 souls. The N.W.F.P capital is divided into three sections, the old city, cantonment and a modern residential area.


Peshawar Bab-al-Khyber
Peshawar Bab-al-Khyber

Quick Facts


About 1 Million
1257 Sq. Km
No. of Sub-Areas

Its climate and weather conditions are regarded as the Pakistan’s healthiest climate. With average temperatures of 30-35 C, Peshawar is one the popular tourist attraction site around the year.


On the road to the Khyber, there is a long line of educational and research institutions, such as the Academy of Rural Development, the Teachers Training College, the North Regional Laboratories of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and many others.

But the pride of Peshawar today is its University of Peshawar, a vast sprawling garden town of red brick buildings and velvet lawns, which comprises a dozen departments and Colleges of Law, Medicine, Engineering and Forestry. Special mention must be made of the Islamic College, which was the pioneer national Institution that ignited the torch of enlightenment in this region, 67 years ago.


Peshawar specialty is the Chappli Kabab (a spicy beef burger mixed with tomato, corn flour, green chilies and eggs) served on naan (unleaved bread) which acts as edible plate.

Khyber Pass

Khyber Pass

The Northern Gateways

Khyber Pass
Khanjarab Pass
Mehran Pass

Qehwa Khana, a traditional teashop, is totally heaven for the weary travelers for providing relief. One definitely come across the Qehwa Khana on longer routes or inside the Peshawar city.

The style, the decor, the hookas (smoking pipes), and brass samovars with colorful China teapots and small bowls of matching colors would be same at all Qehwa Khana. The tea is served steaming hot, without milk, as it is not the usual black type but has leaves of bottle green color which gives it its name green tea.

Places of Attraction

The Peshawar “Saddar” (Cantonment) is a spaciously laid out neat and clean township with avenues of tall trees, wide tarred roads, large single-storied houses with lawns and a pervading scent of rare shrubs and flowers that is Peshawar’s own.

The heart of the Saddar is the Khalid bin Walid Garden which is an old Mughal Garden. Its huge ancient trees and gorgeous big roses are a sight to remember. Two other splendid old gardens are the Shahi Garden in the north-east and the Wazir Garden in the south-east, all of which give the character of a garden city to Peshawar.

In the Saddar is the splendid modern State Bank building, Governor’s House, hotels, old missionary Edwards College, a richly stocked Museum and a fine shopping area.


Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

Pakistan war of 65:.

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

Map showing Indian administered Kashmir in shades of orange and Pakistan held kashmir in green hues.
Date: August 15 – September 21, 1965
Location: Indian subcontinent
Result: Stalemate, UN mandated ceasefire.
Casus belli: Pakistan backed guerillas’ infiltration into Jammu & Kashmir, India
India Pakistan
Lt Gen Harbakhsh Singh Field Marshal Ayub Khan
3,000 killed 3,800 killed

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, also known as the Second Kashmir War, was the culmination of a series of skirmishes that occurred between April 1965 and September 1965 between India and Pakistan. The war was the second fought between India and Pakistan over the region of Kashmir, the first having been fought in 1947. The war lasted five weeks, resulted in thousands of casualties on both sides and ended in a United Nations (UN) mandated ceasefire. It is generally accepted that the war began following the failure of Pakistan’s “Operation Gibraltar” which was designed to infiltrate and invade Jammu and Kashmir.

Much of the war was fought by the countries’ land forces in the region of Kashmir and along the International Border (IB) between India and Pakistan. The war also involved a limited participation from the countries’ respective air forces. This war saw the largest amassing of troops in Kashmir, a number that was overshadowed only during the 2001-2002 military standoff between India and Pakistan during which over a million troops were placed in combat positions in the region. Many details of this war, like those of most Indo-Pakistani Wars, remain unclear and riddled with media biases.

1. Pre War Escalation

A declassified US State Department telegram that confirms the existence of hundreds of "infiltrators" in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Dated during the events running up to the 1965 war.
A declassified US State Department telegram that confirms the existence of hundreds of “infiltrators” in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Dated during the events running up to the 1965 war.

Fighting broke out between India and Pakistan in an area known as the Rann of Kutch, a barren region in the Indian state of Gujarat. Initially involving the border police from both nations, the disputed area soon witnessed intermittent skirmishes between the countries’ armed forces firstly on March 20 and again in April 1965. In June the same year, British Prime Minister Harold Wilson successfully persuaded both countries to end hostilities and set up a tribunal to resolve the dispute. The verdict which came later in 1968, saw Pakistan gaining only 350 square miles (900 km²) of the Rann of Kutch of its original claim of 3500 sq miles.

After its successes in the Rann of Kutch, Pakistan, under the leadership of General Ayub Khan is said to have believed that the Indian Army was unable to defend itself against a quick military campaign in the disputed territory of Kashmir, following a loss to China in 1962.Pakistan believed that the population of Kashmir was generally discontented with Indian rule and that a resistance movement could be ignited by a few infiltrating saboteurs. This was codenamed Operation Gibraltar. For its part, Pakistan claimed to have been concerned by the attempts of India to absorb Kashmir – a state that Pakistan claims as “disputed”, into the Indian union by way Articles 356 and 357 of the Indian Constitution allowing the President of India to declare President’s Rule in the disputed state. Pakistan was taken aback by the lack of military and moral support by the United States, an ally with whom the country had signed an Agreement of Cooperation. The United States refused to come to Pakistan’s aid and declared its neutrality in the war by cutting off military supplies to both sides.


2. The War

Ichhogil Canal Picture taken during 1965 Indo-Pak War.
Ichhogil Canal Picture taken during 1965 Indo-Pak War.

On August 15, 1965, Indian forces crossed the ceasefire line and launched an attack on Pakistan administered Kashmir, marking an official beginning to the war. Pakistani reports cite this attack as unprovoked. Indian reports cite the attack as a response to a tip the Indian forces received from Kashmiri civilians about Pakistani soldiers crossing the Line of Control (LoC) dressed as local Kashmiris.Most of the war was fought on land by each country’s infantry and armored units, with substantial backing from their air forces. Initially, the Indian Army met with considerable success in the northern sector (Kashmir). After launching a prolonged artillery barrage against Pakistan, India was able to capture three important mountain positions. However, by the end of the month both sides were on even footing as Pakistan had made progress in areas such as Tithwal, Uri and Punch and India had gains in Pakistan Administered Kashmir (Azad Kashmir, Pakistan Occupied Kashmir), having captured the Haji Pir Pass eight kilometers inside Pakistani territory.

These territorial gains and rapid Indian advances were met with a counterattack by Pakistan in the southern sector (Punjab) where Indian forces, having been caught unprepared, faced technically superior Pakistani tanks and suffered heavy losses. India then called in its air force to target the Pakistani attack in the southern sector. The next day, Pakistan retaliated, initialising its air force to retaliate against Indian forces and air bases in both Kashmir and Punjab. India crossed the International Border (IB) on the Western front on September 6 (some officially claim this to be the beginning of the war). On September 6, the 15th Infantry Division of the Indian Army, under World War II veteran Major General Prasad battled a massive counterattack by Pakistan near the west bank of the Ichhogil Canal (BRB Canal), which was a de facto border of India and Pakistan. The General’s entourage itself was ambushed and he was forced to flee his vehicle. A second, this time successful, attempt to cross over the Ichhogil Canal was made through the bridge in the village of Barki, just east of Lahore. This brought the Indian Army within the range of Lahore International Airport, and as result the United States requested a temporary ceasefire to allow it to evacuate its citizens in Lahore.

The same day, a counter offensive consisting of an armored division and infantry division supported by Pakistan Air Force Sabres rained down on the Indian 15th Division forcing it to withdraw to its starting point. On the days following September 9, both nations’ premiere formations were routed in unequal battles. India’s 1st Armored Division, labelled the “pride of the Indian Army”, launched an offensive towards Sialkot . The Division divided itself into two prongs and came under heavy Pakistani tank fire at Taroah and was forced to withdraw. Similarly, Pakistan’s pride, the 1st Armored Division, pushed an offensive towards Khemkaran with the intent to capture Amritsar (a major city in Punjab, India) and the bridge on River Beas to Jalandhar. The Pakistani 1st Armored Division never made it past Khem Karan and by the end of September 10 lay disintegrated under the defences of the Indian 4th Mountain Division at what is now known as the Battle of Asal Uttar (Real Answer). The area became known as ‘Patton Nagar’ (Patton Town) as Pakistan lost/abandoned nearly 100 tanks mostly Patton tanks obtained from the United States.

The war was heading for a stalemate, with both nations holding territory of the other. The Indian army suffered 3,000 battlefield deaths, while Pakistan suffered 3,800. The Indian army was in possession of 710 mile² (1,840 km²) of Pakistani territory and the Pakistan army held 210 mile² (545 km²) of Indian territory, mostly in Chumb in the northern sector.

2.1 Naval War

A map of Kashmir shows the 1949 ceasefire line, Pakistan Administered Kashmir and Indian Jammu and Kashmir. Sectors of active conflict during the 1965 war such as Chumb are also shown.
A map of Kashmir shows the 1949 ceasefire line, Pakistan Administered Kashmir and Indian Jammu and Kashmir. Sectors of active conflict during the 1965 war such as Chumb are also shown.

The navies of both India and Pakistan played no prominent role in the war of 1965. On September 7, a flotilla of the Pakistani Navy carried out a bombardment of the coastal Indian town and radar station of Dwarka under the name of Operation Dwarka, which was 200 miles (300 km) south of the Pakistani port of Karachi. There was no immediate retaliatory response from India. Later, the Indian fleet from Bombay sailed to Dwarka to patrol off that area to deter further bombardment.

According to Pakistani sources, one maiden submarine, PNS Ghazi kept the Indian Navy’s aircraft carrier besieged in Bombay throughout the war. Indian sources claim that it was not their intention to get into a naval conflict with Pakistan, but to restrict the war to a land-based conflict.

Further south towards Bombay, there were reports of underwater attacks by the Indian Navy against what they suspected were American-supplied Pakistani submarines, but this was never confirmed.

2.2 Covert operations

There were a couple of covert operations launched by the Pakistan Army to infiltrate Indian airbases and sabotage them. The SSG (Special Services Group) commandos were parachuted into enemy territory and, according to the then Chief of Army Staff General Musa Khan, more than 180 commandos penetrated the enemy territory for this purpose. Indian sources however claim as many as 800-900 commandos were airdropped, though the figure is probably for the whole war. Given that most of the Indian targets (Halwara, Pathankot and Adampur) were deep into enemy territory only 11-15 commandos made it back alive and the stealth operation proved ineffective. Of those remaining, 136 were taken prisoner, and 22 were killed in encounters with the army, police or the civilians. The daring attempt proved to be a disaster with the Commander of the operations, Major Khalid Butt also being arrested.

3. Losses

India and Pakistan hold widely divergent claims on the damage they have inflicted on each other and the amount of damage suffered by them. The following summarizes each nation’s claims.

Indian claims Pakistani claims Independent sources
Casualties 3000 Indian soldiers, 3800 Pakistani soldiers
Aircraft destroyed 35 IAF, 73 PAF 19 PAF, 104 IAF 20 PAF aicraft
Aerial victories 13 30
Tanks destroyed 128 Indian tanks, 300-350 Pakistani tanks 165 Pakistan tank, ?? Indian tanks 200 Pakistani tanks
Land area won 1,500 mi2 (2,400 km2) of Pakistani territory 2,000 mi² (3,000 km²) of Indian territory India held 710 mi² (1,840 km²) of Pakistani territory and Pakistan held 210 mi² (545 km²) of Indian territory

There have been only a few neutral assessments of the damages of the war. In the opinion of, “The losses were relatively heavy – on the Pakistani side, twenty aircraft, 200 tanks, and 3,800 troops. Pakistan’s army had been able to withstand Indian pressure, but a continuation of the fighting would only have led to further losses and ultimate defeat for Pakistan.”

4. Ceasefire

On September 22, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed a resolution that called for an unconditional ceasefire from both nations. The war ended the following day. The Soviet Union, led by Premier Alexey Kosygin, brokered a ceasefire in Tashkent (now in Uzbekistan), where Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan signed an agreement to withdraw to pre-August lines no later than February 25, 1966. The war remained largely inconclusive despite Pakistan suffering relatively more losses, and saw a six year period of relative peace between the two neighboring rivals before war broke out once again in 1971.

5. Intelligence Failures

5.1 Indian Miscalculations

Tanks of 18th Cavalry (Indian Army) on the move during the 1965 Indo-Pak War.
Tanks of 18th Cavalry (Indian Army) on the move during the 1965 Indo-Pak War.

Strategic miscalculations by both nations ensured that the result of this war remained a stalemate. The Indian Army failed to recognize the presence of heavy Pakistani artillery and armaments in Chumb and suffered significant losses as a result. The “Official History of the 1965 War”, drafted by the Ministry of Defence of India in 1992 was a long suppressed document that outlined intelligence and strategic blunders by India during the war. According to the document, on September 22 when the Security Council was pressing for a ceasefire, the Indian Prime Minister asked the commanding Gen. Chaudhuri if India could possibly win the war, were he to hold off accepting the ceasefire for a while longer. The general replied that most of India’s frontline ammunition had been used up and the Indian Army had suffered considerable tank loss.

It was found later that only 14% of India’s frontline ammunition had been fired and India still held twice the number of tanks than Pakistan did. By this time, the Pakistani Army itself had used close to 80% of its ammunition. Air Chief Marshal (retd) P.C. Lal, who was the Vice Chief of Air Staff during the conflict, points to the lack of coordination between the IAF and the Indian army. Neither side revealed its battle plans to the other.The battle plans drafted by the Ministry of Defence and General Chaudhari, did not specify a role for the Indian Air Force in the order of battle. This attitude of Gen. Chaudhari was referred to by ACM Lal as the “Supremo Syndrome”, a patronizing attitude sometimes attributed to the Indian army towards the other branches of the Indian Military.

5.2 Pakistani Miscalculations

The main axis of the Indian Offensive in West Pakistan.
The main axis of the Indian Offensive in West Pakistan.

The Pakistani Army’s failures started from the drawing board itself, with the supposition that a generally discontent Kashmiri people would rise to the occasion and revolt against their Indian rulers, bringing about a swift and decisive surrender of Kashmir. For whatever reason, the Kashmiri people did not revolt, and on the contrary provided the Indian Army with enough information for them to learn of “Operation Gibraltar” and the fact that the Army was battling not insurgents, as they had initially supposed, but Pakistani Army regulars. The Pakistani army failed to recognize that the Indian policy makers would attack the southern sector and open up the theater of conflict. Pakistan was forced to dedicate troops to the southern sector to protect Sialkot and Lahore instead of penetrating into Kashmir.

“Operation Grand Slam”, which was launched by Pakistan to capture Akhnur, a town north-east of Jammu and a key region for communications between Kashmir and the rest of India, was also a failure. Many Pakistani critics have criticized the Ayub Khan administration for being indecisive during Operation Grand Slam. They claim that the operation failed because Ayub Khan knew the importance of Akhnur to India (having called it India’s “jugular vein”) and did not want to capture it and drive the two nations into an all out war. Despite progress made in Akhnur, General Ayub Khan for some inexplicable reason relieved the commanding Major General Akhtar Hussain Malik of charge and replaced him with Gen. Yahya Khan. A 24 hour lull ensued, which allowed the Indian army to regroup in Akhnur and oppose a lackluster attack headed by General Yahya Khan. “The enemy came to our rescue”, asserted the Indian Chief of Staff of the Western Command. Many authors like Stephen Philip Cohen, have consistently viewed that Pakistan Army “acquired an exaggerated view of the weakness of both India and the Indian military… the 1965 war was a shock”. As a result most of the blame was heaped on the leadership and little importance given to intelligence failures that persisted until the debacle of the 1971 war, when Pakistan was comprehensively defeated and dismembered by India, leading to the creation of Bangladesh.

6. Consequences of The War

The war had created a tense state of affairs in its aftermath. Though the war was indecisive, Pakistan suffered much heavier material and personnel casualties compared to India. Many war historians believe that had the war continued, with growing losses and decreasing supplies, Pakistan would have been eventually defeated. India’s decision to declare ceasefire with Pakistan caused some outrage among the Indian populace, who believed they had the upper hand. Both India and Pakistan increased their defense spending and the Cold War politics had taken roots in the subcontinent. Partly as a result of the inefficient information gathering, India established the Research and Analysis Wing for external espionage and intelligence. India slowly started aligning with the Soviet Union both politically and militarily. This would be cemented formally years later before the Bangladesh Liberation War. In light of the previous war against the Chinese, the performance in this war was viewed as a “politico-strategic” victory in India.

Many Pakistanis, rated the performance of their military positively. September 6 is celebrated as ‘Defence Day’ in Pakistan in commemoration of the successful defence of Sailkot against the Indian army. Pakistani Air Force’s performance was seen in much better light compared to that of the Pakistani navy and army. However, the end game left a lot to desire as Pakistan had lost more ground than gained and more importantly did not achieve the goal of occupying Kashmir, which has been viewed by many impartial sources as a defeat for Pakistan. Many high ranking Pakistani officials and military experts later criticized the faulty planning in Operation Gibraltar that ultimately led to the war. The Tashkent declaration was further seen as a raw deal in Pakistan though few citizens realised the gravity of the situation that existed at the end of the war. Under the advice of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistan’s then foreign minister, Ayub Khan had raised very high expectations among the people of Pakistan about the superiority – if not invincibility – of its armed forces, but Pakistan’s inability to attain its military aims during the war, created a political liability on Ayub. The defeat of its Kashmiri ambitions in the war led to the army’s invincibility being challenged by an increasingly vocal opposition. BBC And with the war creating a huge financial burden, Pakistan’s economy which had witnessed rapid progress in the early 60s, took a severe beating.

Another negative consequence of the war was the growing resentment against the Pakistani government in East Pakistan. Bengali leaders accused the government for not providing adequate security for East Pakistan during the war even though large sums of money were taken from the east to finance the war. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was apprehensive of this situation and the need for greater autonomy for the east led to another war between India and Pakistan in 1971.

Pakistani Stamps

Pakistan Stamps

KING GEORGE VI (with square border) ( 1947 )

 Even before independence, the question of introducing Pakistan postage stamps on the day of establishment of Pakistan (14th August1947) was examined. Due to complications accompanying the designing and printing of new postage stamps and the limited period then available, it was decided that the postage stamps and postal stationery to be used by the Government of Pakistan should, in the first instance, be distinguished by over-printing Indian postage stamps and stationery with the word Pakistan.  They were over–printed by government presses in Pakistan .The over-printed Indian postage stamps became very popular with the philatelists all over the world .Rubber–stamping or hand printing was never allowed; postage stamps bearing rubber over prints are, therefore unauthorized .

  • 1a.3p. bistre.

  • 1½a. dull violet.

  • 2a. vermilion.

  • 3a. bright violet.

  • 3½a. bright blue.

Pakistani Newspapers

24 Hours Pakistan News (Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad) [In English]
A Pakistan News (Lahore, Punjab) [In English]
Akhbar-e-Jehan (Karachi)
Al-Akhbar (Islamambad)
Al-Qalam Online (Peshawar) [In Urdu]
Al Qamar (Islamabad) [In Urdu & English available]
Apna Dhudial (Punajab, Chakwal, Dhudial) [In Urdu]
Apna Jhelum (Jhelum, Chakwal, Sohawa, Dina, Pind Dadan Khan) [In Urdu]
Apna Pakistan [In Urdu]
Apnajpj (Jalalpurjattan)
Apna Pirmahal
AraienWorld (Punjab) [In Urdu & English]
The Asia Inside (Lahore) [In English]
Asia News [In English]
Associated Press of Pakistan
Attock News (Attock City, Punjab)
Awaz-e-Haq (Punjab) [In Urdu]
Babe Chakwal (Chakwal) [In Urdu]
The Balochistan Post [In English]
BBC News [In Urdu]
BBC One (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Business Recorder
Chitral News (Chitral)
Chitral Times (NWFP, Chitral) [In Urdu & English available]
Daily Ahamulakhbar (Punjab, Islambad)
Daily Aitadal
Daily Aaj Kal [In Urdu]
Daily Alfazl (Panjab / Rabwah)
Daily Asas (Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi & Faisalabad) [In Urdu]
Daily Ausaf [In Urdu]
Daily Awam Quetta (Quetta) [In Urdu]
Daily Awami Awaz (Karachi)
Daily Azkaar (Islamabad)
Daily Balochistan Express [In English]
Daily Express (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad, Sukhar, Gujranwala, Sargodha & Rahim Yar Khan)
Daily Chaita (Abbottabad)
Daily Chand News [In Urdu]
Daily Dharti [In Urdu]
Daily Dunya Quetta (Quetta) [In Urdu]
Daily Explorer (Sindh) [In English]
Daily Fai (Punjab, Gujrat) [In Urdu]
Daily Financial Post (Karachi) [In English]
Daily GujarKhan 2day[In Urdu & English available]
Daily Gujranwala Times (Gujranwala) [In Urdu]
Daily Gujrat (Gujrat, Punjab) [In Urdu]
Daily Gwadar Times Gwadar (Balochistan) [In Urdu]
Daily Hot News (Islamabad) [In English]
Daily Ibrat (Hyerabad) [In Sindhi]
Daily Ilhaaq (Peshawar) [In Urdu]
Daily Intekhab
Daily Imroz (Sindh, Karachi)
Daily Independent (Balochistan, Quetta)
Daily Islam (Sindh Punjab Sarhad) [In Urdu]
Daily Jang [In Urdu]
Daily Jammu & Kashmir (Azad kashmir) [In Urdu]
The Daily Jasarat
Daily Jinnah (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Daily Kawish [In Sindhi]
Daily Khabarnama Faisalabad (Faisalabad) [In Urdu]
Daily Khabrain [In Urdu]
The Daily Leader International [In English]
Daily Mahasib [In Urdu]
Daily Mail (Islamabad)
Daily Maizbaan (Gujrat)
Daily Mashriq (NWFP / Peshawar)
Daily Millat Gujarati & Urdu (Karachi)
Daily News Sialkot Pakistan (Punjab, Sialkot) [In Urdu & English]
Daily Newsmart (Punjab, Rawalpind) [In English & Urdu]
Daily Nijat (Sindh) [In Sindhi]
Daily NHT
Daily Pakistan (Lahore)
The Daily Pakistan (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Daily Pakistan News
Daily Pakistan Overseas (Gujrat) [In Urdu & English]
Daily Pakistan X Press [In Urdu]
Daily Permanent News (Faisalabad)
Daily Pirmanhal [In Urdu]
Daily Punjab (Punjab, Jhelum, Dina) [In Urdu]
Daily Qudrat Quetta (Quetta) [In Pashto]
Daily Raat (Lahore) [In Urdu]
Daily Ravi International [In Urdu & English]
Daily Rawal News (Islamabad) [In Urdu & English]
The Daily Rozan (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
The Daily Sada-e-Haq (Dera Ismail Khan)
Daily Shal Quetta (Balochistan, Quetta) [In Urdu]
Daily Shana Bashana (Punjab-Gujrat)
Daily Sindh (Sindh) [In Sindhi]
Daily Siyaq [In Urdu]
Daily Surathal Faisalabad (Faisalabad) [In Urdu]
Daily Surkhab Peshawar Pakistan
Daily Siyaq (Peshawar) []In Urdu
Daily Talib Quetta (Quetta) [In Urdu]
Daily Times (Lahore) [In English]
Daily Ummat (Karachi) [In Urdu]
Daily Universal Recorder (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Daily Walayat News [In Urdu]
Daily Waqt (Punjab) [In Urdu]
Daily Zaat (Gujranwala) [In Urdu]
Daisperdais News (Punjab, Gujranwala) [In Urdu]
Dawn [In English]
Daytime [In Urdu & English]
DhartiPakistan [In English]
Dhudial2day Online Newspaper (Chakwal)
Dina (Dina, Jhelum, Sohawa, P.D.Khan) [In Urdu]
Dhudial News (Punjab, Chakwal) [In Urdu]
The Exclusive News [In English]
Fai (Lahore) [In Urdu]
The Financial Daily (Karachi, Lahore) [In English]
Free Hand News (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
The Friday Times [In English]
The Frontier Post (Peshawar) [In English]
Geo Jhelum (Jhelum, Dina, P.D.Khan, Shoawa, Mirpur, Sarai Alamgir) [In Urdu]
Gujarkhannews (Gujarkhan, Dina, Jhelum & Rawalpindi) [In Urdu, English & Potohari]
Gujar Khan 2day (Gujar Khan) [In Urdu & English available]
GUJP News (Rawalpindi) [In Urdu]
Gujrat News (Gujrat Punjab) [In Urdu]
Herald [In English]
Hi Pakistan
Intime News Network (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Independent News Pakistan (Islamabad) [In Urdu & English available]
Indo-Pakistan [In English]
Information Times
International News Network
Intime News Network (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Isponline (Punjab) [In English]
Jasarat (Karachi)
The Jazba (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
Jazba International (Gujrat) [Urdu]
Jazba Post (Karachi Sindh) [Urdu]
The Jhelum (Jhelum, Dina, P.D.Khan, Shoawa) [Urdu]
Jhelum News (Jhelum, Punjab)
Jhelum Times (Punjab, Jhelum)
Jhelum Views (Jhelum, Mirpur, Dina, Sohawa) [In Urdu]
Karachi Updates (Karachi) [In Urdu]
Kasheer (Rawalpindi) [In Urdu]
Kashmir Media Service
Kashmir Observer (Kashmir) [In English]
Kashmir International (Muzafrabad)
Kashmir International (Pakistan & Azad Kashmir)
Kashmir Watch
Khabria Sargodha (Sargodha, Punjab) [In Urdu]
Khabrain International (Lahore) [In Urdu]
Khyber Mail (Peshawar)
The Khyber Voice
Kohetoor (karachi)
kunjah Times International (punjab, gujrat, kunjah) [In Urdu]
Lovely Pakistan (Lahore/Islamabad/Karachi)
LivePakistan (Lahore) [In English]
Mianwali News (Mianwali, Punjab) [In Urdu]
Merawattan (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
Millat Online
Mirpur (Mirpur, Kashmir)
Muqadma (Karachi) [In Urdu]
Nai Tazi
The Nation
Naveedezia (Punjab, Gujranwala) [In Urdu]
National Geographic News (Sialkot, Punjab) [In English & Urdu]
Nawa-e-Islam (Karachi & Sindh) [In Urdu]
Nawai-i-Waqt (Lahore)
News 1 World (Punjab Faisalabad) [In Urdu]
The News International
News Network International (Nowshera)
Online Akhbar
Pak Watan
Pakistan Daily [In English]
Pakistan Election News (Punjab, Islamabad) [In English]
Pakistan Link
Pakistan News Service
Pakistan Observer [In English] [In English]
The Pakistani Newspaper
The Pak News (Internation) [In English]
Pakistan Times (Islamabad) [In English]
The Pakistani Times (Sialkot) [In English]
PakPositive [In English]
PakTribune (National)
The Post (National) (Rawalpindi, Gujar Khan, Kallar Syedan, Kahuta, Kotli Satian, United Kingdom) [In Urdu, English & Potohari]
Pride News [In English & Urdu]
Pirmahal News (Punjab, Pirmahal) [In Urdu]
Qiyadat (Karachi) [In Urdu]
Regional Times of Sindh (Sindh) [In English]
Roznama Express (Sind, Panjab, Pishawar) [In Urdu]
Roznama Pakistan (Punjab, Islamabad)
Sada-e-Haq (Bannu, D.I.Khan)
Sada-e-Waqt (Azad Kashmir, Islamabad, Rawalpindi)
Sada-e-Watan Sydney (Sydney, Australia) [In Urdu & English available]
Saltnat (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
Shan e Kotla (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
Shanakht [In Urdu]
Shia News [In Urdu]
Sindh Week (Sindh, Karachi) [In English]
The Rose News (Punjab) [In Urdu]
South Asia Tribune [In English]
Star News (Quetta, Balochistan) [In English]
The Statesman (Peshawar)
Student News [In English]
The Sun International (Lahore) [In English]
Tarkeen E Watan (Lahore) [In Urdu]
Tasweer-E-Wattan (Gujrat, Punjab) [In Urdu]
Times [In English]
Times of Pakistan (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Urdu Chain (Punjab, Gujar, Khan) [In Urdu]
Urdu Point
UrduPower (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
Urdu Times [In Urdu]
Urdu (Gujarkhan) [In Urdu]
Urdu Waqt (Gujranwala) [In Urdu]
Urooj [Urdu]
Uthaan (Gujrat) [Urdu]
Voice Of Asia (Punjab Lahore) [In Urdu]
Voice Of Lahore [In Urdu]
Wahdat Daily (Peshawar / NWFP) [In Pustho]
Web Tv (Gujrat) [In Urdu]
Weekly Asia (Lahore)
Weekly Cutting Edge (Lahore) [In English]
Weekly Ghazwa (Punjab) [In Urdu]
Weekly Independent (Lahore) [In English]
Weekly Pakistani (Islamabad) [In Urdu]
The World Trade Review (Islamabad) [In English]
World Tribune Pakistan (Islamabad) [In English & Urdu]

Pakistan National Language

“Urdu”, a language that has originated between the 11th to 13th centuries became a language for the invaders who came from different language regions. Later it also became the language of the Muslims. Although it is spoken as a first language by only 8% of the population, upon partition was recognised as the national language of Pakistan for its easy understanding by majority of the population.
Urdu derives its origin from the Turkish ““Orda” (camp). With he emergence of the Turkish and the Persians, a need was felt to have a common language which could be equally understandable by both the foreigners and the natives. So by combining the Hindi, Persian and Turkish, a new language was born. Camp followers, traders and native soldiers working with the invaders all helped to shape the original lingua franca, which is why Urdu is also known as the ‘Lashkari (camp)’ language. Urdu thus owes its syntax to the subcontinent as English does to Anglo-Saxon Dom. Like English it is harmonious and musical without being monotonous. Initially it was a more of a literary language, specially in poetry, than its household application. Mir Taqi Mair a renowned Muslim poet of 18th century once remarked that Urdu was the language that was spoken at the doorsteps of the Dheli’s great red mosque. Hyderabad Daccen, which had a Muslim ruling class fostered Urdu culture. The language continued to be patronized more by the Muslims than Hindus and thus was adopted as the “National” language of Pakistan at the time of independence. Generally, the majority of Pakistanis can speak or understand two or more languages, one being Urdu which is widely understood and spoken in all parts of Pakistan, in addition to the native languages of each area.

The Regional Languages

“Sindhi” is the language widely spoken in the lower Sind province and is one of the oldest native languages of the subcontinent. With its unique spoken accent and four dots, it is very pleasant to listen to. 12% people, mainly in Sind speak Sindhi. Sindhi word is derived from the river Indus Called Sindh or Sindhu which runs from Ladakh to Arabian Sea. Sindhi language is an Indo-Aryan language which has mixed with Arabic Sanskirit and Persian with course of time. It has its own script which is similar to Arabic but with lot of extra accents and phonetic. There are 52 characters in Sindhi language. Quraan was first time translated into Sindhi in back in 12th century or earlier.

“Punjabi”, is the language of Punjab and adjoining areas. As a first language, about 48% people all over Pakistan speak Punjabi. In addition to this, “Saraiki” a variance of Punjabi is spoken by around 10%. “Hindko” yet another regional language, mainly spoken in NWFP closely associates with Punjabi and about 2% speak this language. Punjabi, Hindko and Seraiki, all mutually intelligible, are classified by linguists as dialects of Lahnda. Added together, speakers of these mutually-intelligible languages make up nearly two-thirds of Pakistan’s population. These are also, to a lesser extent, mutually intelligible with Urdu, and it can easily be understood by even those whose mother tongue is not Punjabi.

“Pushto” is the language of most of the people living in the NWFP and is also widely spoken in adjoining areas of Afghanistan. Although a little hard to speak has it own charm. 8% people of Pakistan speak Pushto, mainly in the NWFP and Balochistan.

“Balochi” is the language of the Balochistan province. Brahwi and Pushto languages are also spoken in the province. The ratio of Balochi and Brahwi is 3% and 1% respectively. Balochi and Pushto draw their roots from the Persian language

Lake and Dams In Pakistan


Lake Saif-ul-MalookLake BabuserpassBabuserpassNaranLala Zar

Rawal Lake
This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.8 sq. km. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic, fishing and boating. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake, Margallah and Murree hills, Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The PTDC Jaltarang Restaurant offers snack bar facilities for visitors.

Khanpur Lake
This beautiful lake/dam is 48 km from Islamabad, on Taxila-Haripur Road. It is an ideal place for day trip/picnic, boating, angling and watching migratory birds during winter.

Simli Lake
About 30 km from Islamabad lies Simli Lake and the Dam. It can be reached via Lehtrar road or via Bhara Kahu. It is fed by the melting snow and natural springs of Murree hills. The water stored in the lake is supplied to Islamabad for drinking purposes. Angling and boating is also allowed in the lake. The Capital Development Authority (CDA) has a Rest House at the Dam, which can be booked through its Head Office in Islamabad.

Misriot Dam
Misriot dam is located 12 km south-west of Rawalpindi. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.

Tanaza Dam
It is a small dam located at about 35 Km south-west of Rawalpindi on Dhamial Road. Ideal for a day trip, the lake has a quiet atmosphere.

Tarbela Dam
The world’s largest earth-filled dam on one of the world’s most important rivers – the Indus – is 103 km from Rawalpindi. The dam was completed in 1976 at a cost of Rs.18.5 billion. Over 15,000 Pakistani and 800 foreign workers and engineers worked during its construction. It is the biggest hydel power station in Pakistan having a capacity of generating 3,478 MW of electricity. Its reservoir is 97 km long with a depth of 137 meters while total area of the lake is 260 Permits are required for visiting the Dam. Please contact Public Relations Officer (PRO), Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Tarbela (Tel: 051-568941-2). A No-Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Ministry of Interior (Shaheed-e-Millat Sectt.), Islamabad is also required for foreign visitors.

Mangla Dam
World’s third largest earth-filled dam is only 115 km south-east of Rawalpindi. One has to turn left from Dina Town and the dam on river Jhelum is about 14 km to the east. The dam is 3,353 meters long and 116 meters high above the river bed. It is designed to store 5.88 MAF water and also used for power generation. In the centre of the dam there is a Gakkhar Fort from where one can have a panoramic view of the lake. For permit to visit the dam, please contact PRO, WAPDA, Mangla. A NOC from the Ministry of Interior is required for foreigners only.

Kallar Kahar Lake
The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range are the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar and the Hindu Temple Complex at Katas. Kallar Kahar is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant overlooking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and other temples around Katas are valuable pieces of architecture and history.

Warsak Dam
The gignatic multi-purpose Warsak Dam is situated 30 kms north-west of Peshawar in the heart of tribal territory. It has a total generating capacity of 240,000 kw and will eventually serve to irrigate 110,000 acres of land.

Rama Lake one of the most picturesque spots, nine kilometers away from the beautiful valley of Astore in Northern Area is Rama Lake. Apart from being a beautiful destination, the Alpine Forest around it imparts a pleasant atmosphere. The area has many Trekkers/Hikers routes and some of them are ideal for Jeep Safaris.

PTDC’s newly constructed Motel at Rama Lake is a welcome addition as an important tourist resort. By virtue of its peculiar location it can conveniently serve as a base camp for trekkers and mountaineers intending to scale the mighty heights of Nanga Parbat.

Satpara Lake one of the largest fresh water lakes of the country. By and large, the lake offers ample opportunity for trout fishing, boating and rowing.

PTDC’s newly built Motel and furnished is ideally located overlooking at Satpara lake. The Motel is 9 kilometers from Skardu, capital city of Baltistan and takes about 20 minutes by Jeep. Another one hour drive by jeep will take you upto an altitude of 16000 feet on to the second largest plateau of the world popularly known as Deosai Plain.

Bagshar lake is an ideal tourist resort in the Samhani valley in Mirpur district. It is a 6 km long sheet of crystal clear water that soothes the senses of a traveller after a 60 km road journey from Gujrat via Bhimber on the old Mughal road to Kashmir. It was through this road that Mughal Emperors travelled to Kashmir.

Haliji Lake is the largest bird sanctuary near Karachi where every winter, thousand of migratory birds come from as far as Siberia. It is 82 kms. (54 miles) from Karachi and is a paradise for bird-watcher. Accommodation is available for overnight stay.

Kachura Lakes
Places of interest in and around Skardu include Shigar, Kherpachuo Fort, Satpara and Kachura Lakes, famous for deep blue waters and brown trout making them an anglers delight. Visit to Deosai plains is an experience of a lifetime.

Lal Sahanra National Park is 36 km east of Bahawalpur, an ideal place for recreation and research. A natural fresh water lake and thick green forest add beauty to the place.

Mohodand Lake A days’ excursion to the charming Ushu and Gabral valleys can be conveniently arranged. Visit to Mohodand Lake is a lifetime experience.


Forts in Pakistan


Although most parts of the Royal Fort were constructed around 1566 A.D. by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great, there is evidence that a mud fort was in existence here in 1021 A.D. as well, when Mahmood of Ghazna invaded this area. Akbar demolished the old mud fort and constructed most of the modern Fort, as we see it today, on the old foundations.

The Royal Fort is rectangular. The main gates are located alongside the centre of the western and eastern walls. Every succeeding Mughal Emperor as well as the Sikhs, and the British in their turn, added a pavilion, palace or wall to the Fort. Emperor Jehangir extended the gardens and constructed the palaces that we see today in the Jehangir’s Quadrangle, while Shah-Jehan added Diwan-e-Khas, Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) and his own Sleeping Chambers. Aurangzeb built the impressive main gate which faces the Hazoori Bagh lying in between the Badshahi Mosque and the Fort. The Famous Sheesh Mahal or Palace of Mirrors is in the north-east corner of the Fort. This is the most beautiful palace in the Fort and is decorated with small mirrors of different colours set.

The part of the wall of the Elephant Steps towards the Fort’s inner gate are scarred by bullet marks, bearing testimony to the Sikh Civil War of 1847 A.D.

The Sleeping Chamber of Mai Jindan houses a very interesting museum with relics from Mughal and the Sikh periods.

Rawat Fort
Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T) Road leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau built the fort, in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. If one dares to climb the broken steps inside the tomb, one may get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa.

Pharwala Fort
This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. A Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort built it in 15th century. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Sikhs expelled Gakkhars from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort, being situated in prohibited area, is only open for Pakistani visitors.

Rohtas Fort
Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km south-west of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the dry bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. During rainy season, you need a four-wheel-drive to cross the river. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates, is located another fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings.

Attock Fort
It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. The fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort, which is almost on the G.T. Road, was also built during this period. Please note that no visitors are allowed inside the Fort.

Giri Fort
The glen of Giri is located 8 km north-east of Taxila, at the foot of Margallah. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas, one on the top of the hill and other below it. The remains of Giri Fort are perched on the hill top, with spring water falling within it. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. Later, it was used by Sultan Masud, son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.

Border skirmishes between the armies of renowned Mughal The Great Akbar and the Chak rulers of Kahsmir were common. To ensure safety of the people, and the land, the Chaks realised to raise defence posts and efficiently countered the offensives.

During the year 1949 the construction of the red fort was undertaken. It was finally completed by Sultan Muzaffar Khan the founder of Muzaffarabad city during 1646. When the Mughals overtook the Kahsmir rule, this fort lost its importance. The Mughals were more interested in Kabul, Bokhara and Badakshan. During the Durrani rule the fort again came into limelight and its importance was rediscovred.

Maharaja Gulab Signh and Ranbir Singh, the Dogra rulers, reconstructed and extended the fort for political and military operations. Towards the end of 1947 the Dogra forces filed away leaving the fort wide open to anybody.

The architectonics of the fort show that great experts in design and structure participated in its construction. It is surrounded on three sides by Neelum river formally known as Kishan Ganga. The northern part had terraces with steps leading to the bank of the river. The Eastern side of the fort was very well protected from the hazards of flood waters but some parts in the north were slightly damaged. There was an inn at the entry of the fort which has traces left now.

Multan Fort
Multan Fort was built on a mound separating it from the city by the old bed of river Ravi. Its date cannot be fixed with accuracy. When intact, its circumference was 6,600 ft. having 46 bastions, including two towers at each of the four gates i.e., Delhi Gate, Khizri Gate, Sikhi Gate and Rehri Gate. The fort was ravaged by the British to avenge the murder of one Mr. Agnew in 1848. At present it is survived by some parts of the old rampart and bastions besides the shrines of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria and Shah Rukn-e-Alam, an obelisk in memory of Agnew and a Hindu temple. The famous Qasim Bagh and a stadium are located within the walls of the fort. A panoramic view of Multan City can be had from the highest point in the fort.

Derawar Fort
Derawar Fort is located 48 Km from Dera Nawab Sahib. It is still in a good condition. The rampart walls are intact and still guarded by the personal guards of the Amir of Bahawalpur. The tombs of the ex-rulers of Bahawalpur and their families are located in this fort. The tombs have nice glazed blue tile work. Prior permission of the senior Amir of Bahawalpur is required to enter the fort.

Balahisaar Fort
The mighty Balahisaar Fort lies on both eastern and western approaches to Peshawar city. It meets the eye when coming from Rawalpindi or from the Khyber. It is a massive frowning structure as its name implies, and the newcomer passing under the shadow of its huge battlements and ramparts cannot fail to be impressed. Originally built by Babur, the first of the Moghals in 1526-30, it was rebuilt in its present form by the Sikh Governor of Peshawar, Hari Singh Nalva, in the 1830’s under the guidance of French engineers. It houses government offices at present.

Fort of Munde Shahid
The old fort of Munde Shahid, 50 Km from Bahawalpur and Marot Fort are considered to be antiquities. A place outside the Marot Fort is known as ‘Baithak Maula Ali’. The tomb of Naugaza is located in the Munde Sharif Fort.

Baltit Fort, Hunza Valley

The fairy-tale like castle of Baltit, above Karimabad, is a Hunza landmark built abut 600 years ago. Stilted on massive legs, its wooden bay windows look out over the valley. Originally, it was used as the residence of the Mirs (the title of the former rulers of Hunza).

Mughal Fort
On the top of the hill, there is the famous Mughal fort, overlooking the lake. Rising four stories high, this massive structure of granite is a feet of Moghul engineering that has stood the ravages of time. It has also played an important role in subsequent history during the time of Ahmed Shah Abdali, Ranjit Singh and Gulab Singh.


Pakistan Holidays

Religious festival celebrated on 14th of Shaaban, the 8th Islamic month. Prayers, fire works, exchange of sweet dishes and visits.

Religious festival celebrating end of fasting month on 1st of Shawwal, the 10th month of Islamic Calendar. Special prayer after sunrise, exchange of sweet dishes, visits.

Basant Festival: (6th February)
THE Basant festival heralds the end of winter and arrival of spring. It is celebrated in the entire sub-continent, with flying kites – perhaps because spring generally brings a clear sky and just the right amount of wind. Lahore becomes the hub of activities with sky full of kites of different styles, sizes and colors. The Government of Punjab has fixed 9th of February, 2003 for the festival.

Sibi Festival: (Last week of February)
At Sibi (Balochistan). Traditional sports, handicrafts exhibition, folk music and dances.

Sindh Horse & Cattle Show: (Last week of February)
At Jacobabad (Sindh). Similar activities as in Sibi Festival.


Jashan-e-Larkana: (Last week of February) At Larkana (Sindh).
Traditional sports, exhibition of handicrafts, folk music and dances.

National Horse & Cattle Show Lahore: (16 March for 05 days )
Fortress Stadium, Lahore. Cattle races, cattle dances, tent-pegging, tattoo show, folk music, dances, bands, cultural floats and folk games.

Nauroze: (21-23 March)
Celebrated only in Gilgit, Hunza, Skardu and Chitral. Polo, foot-ball, volley-ball and hockey matches, folk dances and music.

Pakistan Day *: (23 March)
Commemorating the anniversary of Pakistan Resolution passed on March 23, 1940. Military parade at provincial capitals and Islamabad.

Mela Chiraghan (Festival of lamps):
(Last week of March)
Held for 01 week outside Shalimar Gardens, Lahore.

Horse & Cattle Show:
(End of March till 1st week of April).
At Dera Ismail Khan. Local games, folk dances, music, cattle races and exhibition of local handicrafts.

Jashan-e-Shikarpur: (In April for 01 week)
At Shikarpur, Sindh. Cultural activities, local sports and handicrafts exhibition.

Eid-ul-Azha *:
Religious festival commemorating the great sacrifice offered by Prophet Abraham. Celebrated on 10 Zilhaj, 12th month of Islamic Calendar. Collective prayers after sun set, sacrifice of goats, sheep, cows or camels and distribution of meat among relatives, friends and poor.

Joshi or Chilimjusht: (14-15 May)
Kalash festival of welcoming spring, held in Kalash Valleys near Chitral. Folk dances, music and exchange of dishes.

Shandur Polo Festival (7-9 July)
A regular traditional polo tournament is held every year on the highest polo ground of the world – The Shandur Pass (Chitral district), with allied activities including folk music, folk dances and other competitions.

Utchal: (15-16 July)
A harvest festival, celebrated by Kalash people in Kalash Valleys, Chitral.

Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi *:
Birth Anniversary of Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (P.B.U.H). on 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal – the 3rd month of Islamic Calendar.

Independence Day : (14 August)
Meeting, processions, rallies, decorations and illustrations all over the country.

Defence of Pakistan Day: (06 September)
Parades and exhibitions of military equipment at Rawalpindi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi. Visits to the war memorials. (No national holiday except Armed Forces)

Air Force Day: (07 September)
Display of latest aircraft of Pakistan Air force and air shows at Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta.

Phool: (20 – 25 September)
Held in Kalash Valleys near Chitral. Reaping grapes and walnuts, dancing and singing.

Lok Mela: (1st week of October, for one week)
Folk Festival at Islamabad. Folk Music, songs, music contests, folk dances, craftsmen at work, exhibition and sale of handicrafts. The festival presents a unique opportunity to watch the culture and craft of the whole country at one place.

Chowmas: (18-21 October)
Held in Kalash Valleys near Chitral. Welcoming of winter with first snow-fall. Activities restrict to indoor.

Karakoram Car Rally:
On the directives of President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan to promote the northern areas and the fabulous eighth wonder of the world, the KKH, PTDC organizes Family/Safety Car Rally all along with Karakoram Highway. It is now becoming a regular feature and car rally is being organized every year. In 2000, the first rally went all the way to Sost starting from Islamabad. In the year 2001, it was planned but due to unavoidable circumstances it was cancelled. This year too, a rally has been planned in the month of April.

Birthday of Allama Muhammad Iqbal: .(09 November)
National Poet.

National Industrial Exhibition Islamabad:
Exhibition and sale of Pakistan?s industrial products and handicraft items

National Industrial Exhibition Lahore: (3rd week of November for 15 days)
At Fortress Stadium, Lahore. Exhibition and sale of industrial products and handicrafts of Pakistan.

Christmas and Birth Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam: (25 December)
* Subject to appearance of moon.

Pakistan Communications


  • total subscriptions: 3,104,415
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 2 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
    total: 136,489,014
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 67 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    general assessment: the telecommunications infrastructure is improving, with investments in mobile-cellular networks increasing, but fixed-line subscriptions declining; system consists of microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, fiber-optic cable, cellular, and satellite networks; 3G and 4G mobile services introduced
    domestic: mobile-cellular subscribership has skyrocketed; more than 90% of Pakistanis live within areas that have cell phone coverage; fiber-optic networks are being constructed throughout the country to increase broadband access, though broadband penetration in Pakistan is still relatively low
    international: country code – 92; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable systems that provide links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations – 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); 3 operational international gateway exchanges (1 at Karachi and 2 at Islamabad); microwave radio relay to neighboring countries (2015)
    media is government regulated; 1 dominant state-owned TV broadcaster, Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV), operates a network consisting of 8 channels; private TV broadcasters are permitted; to date 69 foreign satellite channels are operational; the state-owned radio network operates more than 30 stations; nearly 200 commercially licensed, privately owned radio stations provide programming mostly limited to music and talk shows (2017)
    total: 31,338,715
    percent of population: 15.5% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
  • Source: CIA – The World Factbook


Pakistan Bank List

List of Banks in Pakistan
ABN-AMRO Bank, Pakistan .
Albaraka Islamic Bank B.S.C. (E.C.) is a Scheduled Commercial Bank operating in Pakistan as a foreign bank under license from State Bank of Pakistan. .
Financial Consultant (Banking) Advisor & Analyst Islamic Banking. Remedial measures offered on abuse of Mark-up financing by customers OR Mark-up on Mark-by banks. System-Designing-Accounts/Graphics. .
Arif Habib Investments is an asset management company, with a vision to provide investment opportunities for institutions and individuals. .
Website of Bolan Bank Limited.Information about Bank , Services , Schemes and Daily Currency Rates .
A joint venture between Packages Limited & American Express Bank Ltd. .
A Money Market Portal Developed by the Kalia Group .

Pakistan’s leading financial institution. .
Habib Bank: Global Treasury Division .
IDBP is one of Pakistans’ oldest development financing institution created with the primary objective of extending term finance for investment in the manufacturing sector of the economy. .
International Housing Finance Limited (IHFL) is a corporate body collectively sponsored by International Finance Corporation (IFC, U.S.A.), Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC, U.K.) and Crescent Investment Bank Limited (Cres Bank, Pakistan). .
We are International Finance,Equipment and Aircraft Lease Consultant Company,Contact us for you project financing and equipment lease….want brokers worldwide….
Full service brokerage house engaged in the equity market, inter-bank money/foreign exchange market, corporate finance and investment advisory services .
34. NDFC
National Development Finance Corporation .
Provides access to online database of companies listed on Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore Stock Exchanges .
Pakistan’s premier Development Financial Institution .
A Software house specializing in banking softwares .


Pakistan Air ports

Contact Info
Abbottabad Airport
Ph: (92-992) 4453
Bahawalpur Airport
Ph: (92-621) 882964
Bannu Airport
Ph: (92-928) 3706-4687
Chitral Airport
Ph: (92-933) 2597-2915
Dal Badin
Dal Badin Airport
Ph: (92-8125) 210200
Dera Ghazi Khan
Dera Ghazi Khan Airport
Ph: (92-641) 69150
Dera Ismail Khan
Dera Ismail Khan Airport
Ph: (92-961) 740592
Faisalabad Airport
Ph: (92-41) 623427-677841-677842-620073
Gawadar Airport
Ph: (92-204) 2398
Gilgit Airport
Ph: (92-572) 3397
Hyderabad Airport
Ph:(92-221) 863253-85380
Islamabad Airport
Ph: (92-51) 9280308-9280300-9280301-9280302
Jacobabad Airport
Ph: (92-721) 513060
Jinnah Airport
Waiting for the #
Khuzdar Airport
Ph: (92-87) 412252-2747
Lahore Airport
Ph: (92-42) 6660711-9220508-9220525
Fax:(92-42) 9220507
Mian Wali
MianWali Airport
Ph: (92-459) 3060-32020
Mirpur Khas
Mirpur Khas Airport
Ph: (92-231) 3698
Saidu Sharif
Saidu Sharif Airport
Ph: (92-936) 812572
Sakardu Airport
Ph: (92-575) 2436
Sehwan Sharif
Sehwan Sharif Airport
Ph: (92-2292) 620708
Sukkar Airport
Ph: (92-71) 30285-31201
Turbat Airport
Ph: (92-861) 413366-2076-3366
Ahob Airport
Ph: (92-822) 2985-2927

Pakistan Tourism Contacts

Minister of State,Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism & Youth Affairs,Government of Pakistan,
(Sports & Tourism Wing)
Pakistan Sports Complex (behind Liaquat Gymnasium),
Islamabad – 44000 – Pakistan.
Tel: 92-51-9202350-9204556 – Fax: 92-51-9202347

Profile: The Sports & Tourism Wing of the Ministry is the main body responsible for making policies and plans for the development and promotion of sports and tourism in the country. The wing is also responsible for implementation of the plans and projects in these areas.

Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation

(Information Service), P.O. Box 1465, Agha Khan Road,
Markaz F-6 (Super Market), Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.Tel: (+92-51) 9212760, 9202766 Fax: (+92-51) 9204027, 2274507

Minister Sports, Culture, Minority Affairs and YouthTel : 051-9210108 Fax : 051-9224697
Culture & HeritagePakistan Tours (pvt) LtdEcotourism Society Pakistan

Department of Tourist Services (DTS),
Government of Pakistan,
Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism & Youth Affairs,
Block B-6, Markaz F-7, Islamabad – Pakistan.
Tel: 92-51-9204575-9203772-9204376, Fax: 92-51-9207427

Mountaineering & Expeditions Department,
Government of Pakistan,
Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism & Youth Affairs,
Pakistan Sports Complex, Islamabad.
Tel: 92-51-9203509, Fax: 92-51-9202347

Adventure Foundation of Pakistan (AFP)
This Foundation is a non-profit private organization dedicated to promote outward bound educational system in Pakistan. AFP offers a number of adventure and skill training courses on mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking, skiing, hot-air ballooning, paragliding and white water rafting. It also has exchange programmes and eco-tourism projects. AFP is very actively involved in promotion of environment friendly adventure tourism in the northern Pakistan. Mountain clean-up expeditions, tree plantation programmes and training of adventure guides as a regular part of its activities. For more information, please contact: Adventure Foundation Pakistan, Garden Avenue, National Park Area, P.O. Box 1807, Islamabad. (Tel & Fax:051-2272538)

Alpine Club of Pakistan,
509-Kashmir Road,
R.A. Bazaar, Rawalpindi.
Tel: 051-9271321, 9271301-6 Ext.358

Pakistan Youth Hostels Association:
Pakistan Youth Hostels Association (PYHA) was founded in 1951, which now runs a chain of 6 Youth Hostels all over Pakistan. Accommodation in these Youth Hostels is available to the members of International Youth Hostels Federation (IYHF) and its affiliated organizations. For more details and reservation, please contact PYHA Head Office located at Shaheed-e-Millat Road, G-6/4, near Aabpara, Islamabad. Tel: +92-51-2826899

Following PTDC Tourist Information Centre in Pakistan;

Club Annexe, Jinnah Road. Tel: (0992) 334399

PTDC Motel, Club Road, Near DC Office. Tel: (0621) 82853 Fax: (0621) 85362

19 JSR Plaza, Near PIA Office, Main Bazaar. Tel: (0572) 3939, 4262

i) Agha Khan Road, Markaz F-6 (Super Market). Tel: (051) 9202766, 9212760 Fax: (051) 9204027
ii) Opposite International Arrival Lounge (Concourse Hall), Islamabad International Airport.
Tel: (051) 9280563
iii) Room No.7, Flashman’s Hotel, The Mall, Rawalpindi. Tel: (051) 5581480 Ext. 7

i) Shafi Chambers, Club Road, Saddar. Tel: (021) 9202971 Fax: (021) 5678958
ii) International Arrival Lounge, Jinnah International Airport.

i) Room No.3, Faletti’s Hotel, Egerton Road. Tel: (042) 6306528, 6363946 Ext.3, Fax: (042) 6364819
ii) International Arrival Lounge, Lahore International Airport. Tel: (042) 9220023

PTDC Motel/Hospitality Complex. Tel: (0741) 459266 Fax: (07443) 493

Hotel Sindbad, Nishtar Chowk, Bahawalpur Road. Tel: (061) 512640

Benevolent Fund Building, Saddar Road. Tel & Fax: (091) 286829

Muslim Hotel, Jinnah Road. Tel: (081) 825826

Saidu Sharif:
PTDC Motel, Opposite Swat Serena Hotel. Tel: (0936) 711205 Fax: (0936) 713776

PTDC K-2 Motel. Tel: (0575) 2946 Fax: (0575) 3322

PTDC Motel, Pak-China Border, Sost Gojal (open from 1st May to 15th November)

PTDC Motel, Pak-Iran Border. Tel: (0886) 510302 & 510248

PTDC Hospitality Complex, Thatta.

PTDC Motel, Opp. Taxila Museum, Museum Road. Tel: (0596) 2344, 534890

PTDC Motel, Indo-Pak Border. Tel: (042) 6581644, 6581505.


Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab (TDCP):
140-A, Shadman-II, Lahore.
Tel: 042-7576830 – Fax: 042-7576829

Sarhad Tourism Corporation (STC):
Lower Court Building, Khyber Road,
Tel: 091-9211091 – Fax: 091-9210871

Sindh Tourism Development Corporation (STDC):
Sea Breeze Plaza, 1st Floor,
Shahrah-e-Faizal, Karachi.
Tel: 021-7782706-7788530 – Fax: 021-7782731

Balochistan Tourism Authority:
Information, Culture, Sports & Tourism Dept.
Government of Balochistan,
Civil Secretariat, Zargoon Road, Quetta.
Tel: 081-9202905-9202582 Fax: 822151


For information, local assistance and booking of PTDC hotels, motels, transport and tours, please contact any of the following PTDC Tourist Information Centres

ABBOTTABAD:Club Annexe, Jinnah Road.Tel: 0992-334399

BAHAWALPUR:PTDC Motel, Club Road, Near DC Office.Tel: 0621-82835 Fax: 0621-85362

GILGIT:JSR Plaza, Near PIA Office, Main Bazaar.Tel: 0572-4262

ISLAMABAD:Agha Khan Road, Markaz F-6 (Super Market).Tel: 051-9202766, 9212760 Fax: 051-9204027

ISLAMABAD AIRPORT:Opposite International Arrival Lounge, Islamabad International Airport. Tel: 051-9280563

KARACHI:Shafi Chambers, Club Road, Saddar. Tel: 021-9202971 Fax: 021-9206376

KARACHI AIRPORT:International Arrival Lounge, Quaid-e-Azam International Airport.

LAHORE:Room No.3, Faletti’s Hotel, Egerton Road. Tel: 042-6363946 Ext.TIC, 6306528 Fax: 042-6364819

LAHORE AIRPORT: Opposite International Arrival Lounge, Lahore International Airport. Tel: 042-9220023

MOENJODARO:PTDC Motel. Tel: 0741-459266 Fax: 07443-493

MULTAN:Hotel Sindbad, Nishtar Chowk, Bahawalpur Road. Tel: 061-512640

PESHAWAR:Benevolent Fund Building, Saddar Road.Tel & Fax: 091-286829

QUETTA:Muslim Hotel, Jinnah Road. Tel: (081) 825826

RAWALPINDI:Room No.7, Flashman’s Hotel, The Mall.Tel: 051-514672, 581480 Ext.7

SAIDU SHARIF:PTDC Motel, Opposite Serena Hotel.Tel: 0936-711205 Fax: 0936-713776

SKARDU:K-2 Motel. Tel: 0575-2946 Fax: 0575-3322

SOST: (1st May to 15th November)PTDC Motel, Pak-China Border.

TAFTAN:PTDC Motel/Reception Unit, Pak-Iran Border. Tel: 0886-510302, 510248

THATTA:PTDC Hospitality Complex.

TAXILA:PTDC Motel, Opposite Taxila Museum, Museum Road. Tel: 0596-2344, 534890

WAGHA:PTDC Motel/Reception Unit, Indo-Pak Border. Tel: 042-6581644, 6581505

Pakistan Tours Limited (PTL) & PTDC Transport Services

PTL, a subsidiary of PTDC, is working as a tour operating agency and is responsible for organizing tours/arrangements of transport and accommodation for foreign and domestic tourists in Pakistan.

Its Head Office is located at:-Room # 17,Flashman’s Hotel, Room No.23 & 24, The Mall, Rawalpindi. Tel: +92-51-5563038, 5565449 & 5581480 Fax: +92-51-5513054

PTDC is operating a transport service between Pakistan and China border on Karakoram Highway (KKH) from Sost (Pakistan) to Tasghurgan (China) for the convenience of local and foreign visitors. The transport service is being operated from 1st May to 15 November each year. PTDC’s transport is also hired out to foreign and domestic individual and group tourists.

Pakistan Military and Security

  • 3.56% of GDP (2016)
    3.54% of GDP (2015)
    3.48% of GDP (2014)
    3.47% of GDP (2013)
    3.48% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 19
    Pakistan Army (includes National Guard), Pakistan Navy (includes Maritime Security Agency), Pakistan Air Force (Pakistan Fiza’ya) (2015)
    16-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; women serve in all three armed forces; reserve obligation to age 45 for enlisted men, age 50 for officers (2017)
  • Source: CIA – The World Factbook


Pakistan Religions

Pakistan: Religions
Pakistan is important for many religions of the world. The Indus Valley gave rise to one of the first great civilizations. Mahayana Buddhism also developed here as did the Sikh religion under Guru Nanak. Pakistan was created in the Indus Valley specifically to provide the Muslims of South Asia with a state of their own, and there are very few countries where religion plays such an important role in the lives of people.

Muslims make up over 98% of the population of Pakistan, of which roughly 80% are Sunni and 20 % are Sh’iah. About 1 % of the population is Christian with slightly more protestants than Catholics. The Hindus, mostly nomads living in the South account for less than 1%. In Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Quetta there are small communities of Buddhists and there are a tiny group of animist Kalash living in Chitral on the Afghan border.



Pakistan Human Resources, Economy


  • Decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment have led to underdevelopment in Pakistan. Pakistan has a large English-speaking population, with English-language skills less prevalent outside urban centers. Despite some progress in recent years in both security and energy, a challenging security environment, electricity shortages, and a burdensome investment climate have traditionally deterred investors. Agriculture accounts for one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment. Textiles and apparel account for more than half of Pakistan’s export earnings; Pakistan’s failure to diversify its exports has left the country vulnerable to shifts in world demand. Pakistan’s GDP growth has gradually increased since 2012, and was 5.3% in 2017. Official unemployment was 6% in 2017, but this fails to capture the true picture, because much of the economy is informal and underemployment remains high. Human development continues to lag behind most of the region.
    In 2013, Pakistan embarked on a $6.3 billion IMF Extended Fund Facility, which focused on reducing energy shortages, stabilizing public finances, increasing revenue collection, and improving its balance of payments position. The program concluded in September 2016. Although Pakistan missed several structural reform criteria, it restored macroeconomic stability, improved its credit rating, and boosted growth. The Pakistani rupee has remained relatively stable against the US dollar since 2015, though it declined about 10% between November 2017 and March 2018. Balance of payments concerns have reemerged, however, as a result of a significant increase in imports and weak export and remittance growth.
    Pakistan must continue to address several longstanding issues, including expanding investment in education, healthcare, and sanitation; adapting to the effects of climate change and natural disasters; improving the country’s business environment; and widening the country’s tax base. Given demographic challenges, Pakistan’s leadership will be pressed to implement economic reforms, promote further development of the energy sector, and attract foreign investment to support sufficient economic growth necessary to employ its growing and rapidly urbanizing population, much of which is under the age of 25.
    In an effort to boost development, Pakistan and China are implementing the “China-Pakistan Economic Corridor” (CPEC) with $60 billion in investments targeted towards energy and other infrastructure projects. Pakistan believes CPEC investments will enable growth rates of over 6% of GDP by laying the groundwork for increased exports. CPEC-related obligations, however, have raised IMF concern about Pakistan’s capital outflows and external financing needs over the medium term.
    $1.057 trillion (2017 est.)
    $1.011 trillion (2016 est.)
    $972 billion (2015 est.)
    note: data are in 2017 dollars
    data are for fiscal years
    country comparison to the world: 26
    $304 billion (2017 est.)
    5.3% (2017 est.)
    4.5% (2016 est.)
    4.1% (2015 est.)
    note: data are for fiscal years
    country comparison to the world: 42
    $5,400 (2017 est.)
    $5,200 (2016 est.)
    $5,100 (2015 est.)
    note: data are in 2017 dollars
    data are for fiscal years
    country comparison to the world: 172
    11.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
    13.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
    14.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
    note: data are for fiscal years
    country comparison to the world: 146
    household consumption: 81.8%
    government consumption: 11.9%
    investment in fixed capital: 14.2%
    investment in inventories: 1.6%
    exports of goods and services: 8.3%
    imports of goods and services: -17.8% (2017 est.)
    agriculture: 24.7%
    industry: 19.1%
    services: 56.3% (2017 est.)
    cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
    textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, surgical instruments, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
    5% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    63.89 million
    note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    agriculture: 42.3%
    industry: 22.6%
    services: 35.1% (FY2015 est.)
    6% (2017 est.)
    6% (2016 est.)
    note: Pakistan has substantial underemployment
    country comparison to the world: 89
    29.5% (FY2013 est.)
    lowest 10%: 4%
    highest 10%: 26.1% (FY2013)
    30.7 (FY2013)
    30.9 (FY2011)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    revenues: $45.64 billion
    expenditures: $59.28 billion
    note: data are for fiscal years (2017 est.)
    16.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    -4.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    67.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
    67.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    1 July – 30 June
    4.1% (2017 est.)
    2.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    5.75% (15 November 2016)
    6% (15 November 2015)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    7% (31 December 2017 est.)
    6.94% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    $117.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $103.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    $142 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $126.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    $165.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $145.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
    $43.68 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $32.76 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
    $38.17 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    -$12.44 billion (2017 est.)
    -$4.867 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    $21.94 billion (2017 est.)
    $21.97 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, surgical instruments, carpets and rugs
    US 17.7%, UK 7.7%, China 6%, Germany 5.8%, Afghanistan 5.2%, UAE 4.5%, Spain 4.1% (2017)
    $48.51 billion (2017 est.)
    $41.26 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea
    China 27.4%, UAE 13.7%, US 4.9%, Indonesia 4.3%, Saudi Arabia 4.2% (2017)
    $20.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $22.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    $75.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $70.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    $41.56 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $39.06 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    $2.175 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.094 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Pakistani rupees (PKR) per US dollar –
    105.1 (2017 est.)
    104.77 (2016 est.)
    104.77 (2015 est.)
    102.77 (FY2014 est.)
    101.1 (FY2013 est.)


Pakistan Goods Transport

Al-Abas Goods Transport Co
Mali Pura Opp: Shel Perol Pump Bund
Road , Lahore . Ph: 042-7727565

Al-Saboor Goods Transport Co.
Near Dhobi Ghat Bund Road, Batti Chowk,
Near Suzuki Show Room, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37720626

Plot No. 409-A, Gate No. 2,
Street No. 2 Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand, Hawksbay Road, Karachi-13.
Phone: 021-2069285, 32356392, 32356393, 32350492, 32352734

Gate No. 3, Street No. 2, Plot No. 449, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 021-32353480
Mob: 0300-3512938, 0321-3495879, 0345-8212938

Plot No. 655-A, Gate No. 4, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-32352955
Mob: 0300-2896989, 0313-2896989

Plot No. 50-A, Old Truck Stand Mari Pur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2500025

Dara No. 15/A, Pull Sabazi Mandi Ravi Link Road, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37727117, 37610117, 37600117

Plot No. 597-A, Gate No. 2, Street No. 3, New Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 32351777-32356983
Mob: 0300-2413177

Plot No. 434-A, Between Gate No. 2 & 3, Street No. 2, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-32355639-40, 34287638
Mob: 0346-6661118, 0321-2774410, 0345-2774410

Birth No. 16 City Station Karachi
Ph: 021-2427999, 2427786
Mob: 0322-4615637, 0300-2342566

Plot No. 91/A, Tariq Market Mari Pur Road Old Truck Stand Karachi
Ph: 021-32549965, 32511901
Fax: 021-32531765

Near Awami Kanta, K.D.A, Building, Block-D, Old Truck Stand, Maripur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2544476, 2537476, 2526764, 2526765
Fax: 021-2526759

Mangapir Star Gate & Saddar Metro
Mob: 0300-2080807

Plot No. 90-A, Old Truck Stand, Mauri Pur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2541680
Mob: 0333-2269245

Abdul Malik Petrol Landi Akhun Ahmed Ring Road Peshawar
Mob: 0300-7085989, 0343-9711799

Room No. 8, First Floor, Plot No.
28-A, New Truck Stant Maripur Road Near MCB Bank Karachi
Mob: 0301-8505786, 0322-8505786

Plot No. 50/A, Old Truck Stand, Maripur Road , Karachi
Ph: 021-2500025

Plot No. 425, D/4, Old Truck Ada , Opposite Jamia Faridia Rizvia, Maripur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2531310
Mob: 0300-3662067

Near Awami Kanta, K.D.A, Building, Block-D, Old Truck Stand, Maripur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2544476, 2537476, 2526765
Fax: 021-2526759

KDA Flats, Shop No. 25 Mauripur Truck Stand Karachi
Ph: 2533998, 2535837
Mob: 0300-2797813, 0345-2597562

Circle Road Chowk Ada Crown, Lahore
Ph: 7658425, 7663719, 6174405

Sabazi Mandi Near Gana Mandi Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37707432, 37700308, 37722298, 37067425
Wireless: 042-37752632

New Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-7724431, 7702531, 7724176
Fax: 042-7702731
Mob: 0300-4261431, 0300-8493131

Bridge Data Nagar Dara No. 14, Sabazi Mandi, Lahore
Ph: 37701207, 35088267
Mob: 0321-4114872

Data Nagar Dara No. 18, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 37722264, 37725864

Ans Khan Brothers Goods®
Opp: Fruit Market Near Railway Centre Plaza Ravi Link Road Lahore .
Ph: 042-37723203

Azad Wazirastan Goods Transport
Lasani Plaza Opp: Fruit Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37730088

Akram Goods Forwarding Agency®
Circular Road , Chowk Adda Crown, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7658425

Adil Shehbaz Goods Transport Company
Vegetable Market Near Ganna Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37707432

Ali Brothers Mini Goods®
Vegetable Market Near Ganna Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37728188

Alhalal Goods Transport Company®
Taj Ghazi Cold Store Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7721126

Alied Cargo Carriers
LDA419-A, Phool Market General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .

Al-Faisal Goods Transport Company®
New Trcuk Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7724431

Akramullah and Brothers Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 26 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37700385

Ahsan Zaman Goods Forwarding Agency®
Plot No. 11-A General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37729339

Asia Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 11/A General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37730001

Al-Qazi Goods Transport Company®
Main GT Road, Haji Camp Peshawar
Ph: 091-2263725

Al-Qazi Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 10 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37728500

Al-Badar Goods Transport Company®
112/2, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37705646

Al-Farooq Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 419 LDA, Ravi Link Road, Lahore .
Mirpur Union Goods Transport Company®
General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37700997

Azam Afridi Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 437/LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37701271

Ahsan and Co Goods Forwarding Agency®
59-Circular Road , Outside Akbari Gate, Lahore
Ph: 042-37655267
Peer Makki Goods
Haji Pura Dska Road Near Moon CNG, Sialkot .

Sabazi Mandi Near Gana Mandi Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37728188, 37731125, 37731179, 37024920

Taj Gazi Cold Store Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7721126, 7728285
Mob: 0333-4386225, 0300-4737291

LDA419-A, Phool Market General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7700348, 7725148
Mob: 0301-4474355, 0301-4453288

112/2, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7705646, 7730410
Fax: 7730090

Plot 10, Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Tel: 042-37728500, 37051885, 37704596

Plot No. 437 L.D.A Shamspura General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 7702053-4, 7701271, 7705722, 7722651, 7725651

Main G.T. Road , Haji Camp, Peshawar
Ph: 091-2263725
Mob: 0333-9401940

Plot No. 11/A, General Bus Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37730001, 37730999, 36125555
Fax: 042-37730997

Opposite Froot Mandi Near Railway Center Plaza Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37723203, 37708203, 38445890
Mob: 0333-8465748

Lasani Plaza Opposite Froot Market Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-37730088, 37700856

Plot No. 419/ LDA Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37702236, 35503736

Al-Furqan Goods
Proprietor: Raja Tanveer Kiyani
Ph: 5538023

Awan Goods
Proprietor: Malik Haji Khuda Bakhsh Ph: 5770455, 5771108

Awan Union Goods
Proprietor: Malik Ghulam Fareed
Ph: 5771546, 5551546

Al-Hafeez Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Hafeez Khan
Ph: 5558344

Imperial Goods
Proprietor: Javed Amin
Ph: 5770790

Iqbal Ali Muhammadia Goods
Proprietor: Iqbal Ali
Ph: 5533241, 5553241

M Sharif
Proprietor: Shokat Iqbal
Ph: 5554103, 5534129

Al-Yousaf Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Yousaf Butt
Ph: 5553853, 5559204

AL-Adnan Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Adnan
Ph: 5536557

Abbasi Brothers Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Lal
Ph: 5555961, 5555112

Al-Adnan Goods
Ph: 4415209

Awan International Goods Tarnol Chock
Ph: 2295084

Awan Goods Transport Tarnol
Ph: 2295273

Awan Brother Goods I/11-4 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4443941

Awan Union Goods Chonki No. 26 Islamabad
Ph: 5462407

Atak Cargo Service Peshawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2217458

Al-Qadri Goods G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295144

Azad Carriage Company Pishawra Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295404

Afridi United Goods G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295395

Afridi United Goods G/8-1 Pishawar Motor Islamabad
Ph: 2261211

Afridi Union Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4442902

Imperial Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4442946

Al-Yousaf Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4431152

Alfa Cardo Services I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4447962

Al-Madina Goods Ali Market Kayaban Sir Syed
Ph: 4415209

Abbasi United Goods Plot No. 3 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4446603

Amir Abdullah & Company Tarnol
Ph: 2295301

Abbasi Union Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4446916

Al-Abbas Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 28, New Truck Stand Near Motor Way Bai Pass Sabza Zar Scheme Lahore
Ph: 37533265-37533365


But Cargo
Rasheed Abad St No. 5, Opp: Nayab Colony
Gate No. 3, Jhang Road Faislabad.
Ph: 0412573758

Plot No. 435/a, Street No. 2, Between Gate No. 2 &3 , Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 021-8383790
Mob: 0322-8258391-92

Plot No. 497-A, Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Corner Plot, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 2524681, 2540877

Banoo Meeranshah Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. LDA/414 Ravi Link Raod, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37705520

Baba Rehman Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 414-415 Ravi Link Road , Opp: Truck Adda, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37729855

Behbal Khan International Goods Carior Services
Plot No. 17/B General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-7702751

Basra Gawadar Bulachistan Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 434/LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-35503670
Basit Cargo Services
General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37701570

Plot No. 414/LDA, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 37705520, 37705525, 35517736

Plot No. 434/LDA, General Truck Stand Main Ravi Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-35503670, 35503671
Mob: 0300-6050243

Plot No. 17/B, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7702751, 7016596
Mob: 0333-4359508, 0313-4359508

Babu Iqbal Goods
Proprietor: Naeem Iqbal
Ph: 5554046, 5772060

Babu Bashir Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Bashir
Ph: 5557453

Bisharat Bilal Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Mushtaq
Ph: 5535375

Bangash Frontier Goods
Proprietor: Haji Muhammad Jamal Khan
Ph: 5557453

Bombay Goods Plot No. 73 I & T Center G/8-1 Islamabad
Ph: 2851635

Bashir Siddiq Goods G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295206

Bismillah Transport Trailer Service Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295355

Bilal Goods Carriage Factory Islamabad
Ph: 5462741

Bestway Services Heavy Transport Operators
Plot No. 56, New Truck Stand, Sabzazar Scheme, Bund Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7535952


Chaudhary Shehbaz Mini Mazda Truck Service®
General Truck Stand Near Roshan Hotal, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37041988

Chatar Plain Hazara Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 7 Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37704190

Chakwal Kheodra Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 112/3, Taj Ghazi Cold Storage, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37725705

Plot No. 112/3, Taj Gazi Cold Storage, Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7725705, 7729798, 7730898
Mob: 0300-4233093, 03004883050

Plot No. 7, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37704190, 37009884
Mob: 0332-8476836, 0331-4068274

Chief Cargo Clearing Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph : 2295249

CH. Karwan Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4441892

Ch. Brother Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4447725

Ch. United Goods Carriage Factory
Ph: 5434471

Chohan Brothers Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 91, New Track Adha Near PSO Pump SabzaZar Lahore
Ph: 042-37530460


Gate No. 1 Street No. 4, Plot No. 560-A, Quaid-e-Azam International Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi -13.
Ph: 021-2061662, 2356238,
Mob: 0345-8850479, 0300-5454392

Plot No. 7, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-7704191, 7704192, 8484192

Darwaish Goods Transport Company®
Lasani Palaza Room No. 110 1st Floor, Main Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37731115-16|

Lasani Plaza , Room No. 110 First Floor, Main Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37731115-16

Diwan Goods Pishawar Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295595

Delta Care G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295343


Plot No. 11-A General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7729339, 7705700, 7088270

Expert Services I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4435095


Flying Star Goods Co.
Sagia Road Caltex Petrol Pump Near Sagian Pul
Lahore . Ph: 042-7147399

Plot No. 363-A, Gate No. 3, Street No. 1, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi
Ph: 021-2356642, 4223064
Mob: 0321-4295381, 0300-4295381

Shop No. 2, Lasani Plaza Market, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37709129, 37725544, 37704898, 37731450

Faisal Abid Goods Transport Company®
Shop No. 2, Lasani Plaza Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37709129

Fayaz Goods
Proprietor: Ayaz Ilahi
Ph: 5771925, 5771463

Faran Goods
Proprietor: Ghulam Jilani
Ph: 5533203

Faran International Goods I/1-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4444427

Forward Carrier Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 25, Sabzazar Truck Stand, Bund Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7566147


Gate No. 6, Street No. 4, Plot No. 174-A, New Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 32353512, 32352076
Fax: 32355624

Gawadar Bulachistan Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. LDA-469 Main Ravi Link Road , General Truck Stand, Lahore .
Ph: 042-36175090

Plot No. 469/LDA Main Ravi Link Road, General Truck Stand, Lahore
Ph: +92-42-36175090
Mob: 0300-8897775

Ghosia Goods
Proprietor: Haji CH. Kala Khan
Ph: 5534510

Gilgit Hanza National Goods
Proprietor: Imam Yar Baig
Ph: 5771476

Gul Golden Goods
Proprietor: Fayaz Muhamamd
Ph: 5539021

Gilgit Balastan Trading Company
Proprietor: M.D Noor Al-Bari
Ph: 5771404, 5559670

Gilgit Peoples Chaitral Goods
Proprietor: Iftakhar Khan, Mian Ghulam Sarver
Ph: 5550564, 0987-220164

Gulshan Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Khawaja Afzal
Ph: 5537549

Gilgit Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Yaar Muhammad
Ph: 5772906, 5774261

Gilgit Mardaan Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Shahib Khan
Ph: 5557513

Gilgit Hanza National Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4445564

Gojar Union Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4443059


Hazoor Karachi Goods Transport Co.
Sagian Road Near Taj Co.

Haji Mushtaq Goods Transport Co.
T No. 1, Gaho Shala Bund Road , Batti Chowk,
Near Suzuki Show Room, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7038073

Haq Bahoo Goods Dilivery Godown
Sargodha Road Chiniot Ph: 047-6333823

Haji Sardar Goods Transport Co.
Circular Road Opp: Mochi Gate, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7374067

37/A New Truck Stand Mari Pur Road Karachi .
Ph: 7511233, 7528457

Corner Plot Maripur Truck Stand Karachi .
Ph: 2528534-35, 2521503
Fax: 2545766
Mob: 0321-2448334

Tanki No. 5 Bombay Bazar Kharadar, Karachi Plot No. 203, Truck Stand Hawks Bayroad, Karachi .
Ph: 2554279/2573875

Plot No. 54, Near PSO Petrol Pump New Truck Stand Sabza Zar Scheme Lahore .
Ph: 042-7552311, 7532360, 7536311
Mob: 0300-8005311, 0301-8446311, 0321-8446311

Plot No. 46-a, Room No. 105, Shinwari Center Truck Stand, Maripur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2547386
Mob: 0301-8220194, 0300-8292690

Branch Link Road Sabzi Mandi Lahore
Mob: 0300-8878248

Plot No. 471/472 Opposite Froot Mandi New General Truck Stand Ravi Road Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-37731093, 37702343
Wireless: 042-35035733
Mob: 0300-4497207

Branch Link Road Sabazi Mandi Lahore
Mob: 0300-8878248

Plot No. 419/LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7705449, 7705949
W.Call: 8517957
Mob: 0300-8858692, 0302-8736688

Haidri Goods Transport Company®
Branch Link Road Near Vegetable Market, Lahore .
Ph: 0300-8878248

Haji Tariq Goods Trailer Service
Plot No. 419/ LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7705449

Haji Noor Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 433 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37701990

Plot No. 433, General Stand Main Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7701990, 7700387, 7704298

Hussnain Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Hassan
Ph: 5772533

Hazro Atac Goods
Proprietor: Malik Aurangzeb Khan
Ph: 5552166

Hazro Karachi Goods
Proprietor: Mian Waheed Afzal
Ph: 5536557, 5772121

Hameed Allah Jaan Afridi Cargo Tarnol Phatak
Ph: 2295024

Halib Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295567

Haris & Co. Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295693

Hassan Lassani Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 37, Suit No. F2 Afridi, United Market New Truck Stand, Sabbza Zar Scheme Band Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37530197-8


Plot No. 9-A, Second Floor Spain Gaza Hotel Mari Pur Road, Karachi.
Ph: 021-2534457, 2528777

Man Chamber Second Floor, Plot No. 84/85-A, Near Wahadit Hotel Old Truck Stand Mari Pur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 0213-2549165
Mob: 0300-2499234

Plot No. 6-7, Maripur Behind Awami Kanta Maripur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2528777, 2545272, 2543823
Mob: 0300-4411591, 03214756591

Plot No. 6/LDA, Mian Arshad Market General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7723123, 7720323, 7720323, 7724323
Fax: 042-7721323
Res: 042-7727163

International Shenwari Goods Transport company ®
Plot No. LDA/6 Mian Arshad Market General Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.

Iftikhar Brothers Goods Forwarding Agency®
Plot No. 11 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37704363

Iqbal and Brothers Goods Transport Company®
General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37728145

Plot No. 11 General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7709755, 7704363, 7705678
Mob: 0300-4658910

Plot No. 26, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7700385, 7701385, 7701585
Ravi Link Road Plot No. 9, Lahore
Ph: 7724414, 7705631, 7701025

General Truck Stand Main Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7731041, 7731042, 7709891
Res: 7728145

Imran Irfan Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Irfan
Ph: 5554657

Iqbal Palandari Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Iqbal
Ph: 5772519

Islamabad Bangush Union Goods Plot No. D-25 Islamabad
Ph: 4442821

Islamabad Hazara Goods Plot No. 1,87-G/8 Pishawar Motor Islamabad
Ph: 2263999

Islamabad Noshehra Goods I/11-4 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4448770

Islamabad Goods & Car Clearing Agent G.T Road Tarnol

Islamabad Khaber Karachi Goods I/11-4 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4441867

Imran Tailor Service Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295497


Jeway Central Model Goods Transport Co.
Rasheed abad Nayab Colony Gate
Near Janat CNG, Jhang Road ,
Faisalabad . Ph:0301-6070488

Jeway Azad Chaudhry Goods Transport Co.
P-49 Mazwar Road , Galla Mindi,
Faisalabad . Ph:041-2635565

Jahangir Brothers Goods Transport Co (R)
Ravi Plaza Amin Park Near Mali Pura
Petrol Pump Bund Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37728603

404-A, Gate No. 2, Haksbay Truck Stand Karachi .
Ph: 2350188

Plot No. 90-91, First Floor, Truck Stand, Maripur Road Karachi .
Ph: 021-2532155
Mob: 0346-7098236

Shop No. 10, Madina Genral Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Mob: 0300-9457732
Ph: 7724334, 7724935

Malipura Near Shell Petrol Pump Darbar Stop, Ayub Plaza Bund Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7728826, 7723392

Jivay Qalandar Pak®
Opp: Vegetable Market Near Jazz Centre Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-35512541

Jut Brothers Goods Transport Company®
Shop No.10 Madina Market General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37724334

Jeway Fakhray Pakistan Cargo Service®
Plot No. 245, New Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37709009

Joolay Lal Qalandar Goods Forwarding Agency®
Plot No. 11/B General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-36170882

Plot No. 11-B, General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-6170882, 37707982, 37720946

Ph: 042-37703590, 37701034, 35512541

Jawad & Fawad Corgo Service
Proprietor: Haji Riaz Ilahi
Ph: 5772743

Jahangir Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4442944

Jive Jive Pakistan Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295385

Jahangir Services Fateh Jang Road
Ph: 2295167


Gate # 6, Street # 3, Plot # 107/A
Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand, Howksbay Road , Karachi .

Opposite Pull Datanagar Ravi Link Road , Sabzi Mandi, Lahore
Ph: 042-37725586

Opposite Data Nagar Bridge Sabazi Mandi Road, Lahore
Ph: 7724262, 7724162

Karakurm Sitara Goods Forwarding Agency®
Lasani Plaza General Truck Stand Ravi Link road, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37725671

Kashif Bilal Goods Transport Company®
Opp: Bridge Data Nagar, Ravi Link Road , Vegetable Market, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37725586

Khyber Ittefaq Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 419B/LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37704773

Kohistan, Gilgat and Baltistan Goods Forwarding Agency®
Opp: Data Nagar Pul Vegetable Market, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37724262

Plot No. 419-B/LDA, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-7704773, 7700873, 7700394

Kara Karam Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Hussain Ph: 5772579

Kohsar Goods
Proprietor: Raja Muhammad Fayaz Ph: 5772450, 5550743

Kohistan Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Haji Kala Khan
Ph: 5770035, 5772592

Kohistan Stara Goods
Proprietor: Khuram Shahzad
Ph: 5772692

Kamran Bilal Goods
Proprietor: Akhtar Hussain
Ph: 5553220

Karwan Goods
Proprietor: Abdul Qadeer
Ph: 5771627

Khai Ghala Rawla Kot Goods
Proprietor: Sardar Muhammad Zakir, Hawa Jaan
Ph: 5537476

Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Mir Maqbool
Ph: 5554685

Karachi Pishawar Goods
Proprietor: Haji Muhammad Anwar
Ph: 5553768

Kaghan Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Fayaz Ahmad Khan
Ph: 5554022

Kohistan Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Zaheer Ahmad
Ph: 5773241

King Hazro Goods
Proprietor: Mian Sajjad Afzal
Ph: 5554565

Khan Enterprises I/10-3 Islamabad
Ph: 4441125


Lucky Karachi Cargo Service
Outside Akbari Mindi Circular Road ,
Lahore . Ph: 04237657399

Lahore Queta Chaltan Goods Transport Co.
Shah Alami Chow Main Bansawala Bazar
Saray Ratan Chand Near Mao Hospital ,
Lahore . Ph: 042-7242422

Godam Dara No. 13, Data Nagar Bridge Ravi Road , Lahore
Ph: 37722448, 37048558

Lahore Noshehra Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 471/472 Opp: Fruit Market New General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37731093

Lahore Sargodha Goods Transport Company®
Madina Market Shop No. 112/6 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37725674

Lahore Mushtarqa Mehmand Goods Transport Company®
Taj Company Chowk Sagian Road , Lahore .
Ph: 0300-4334004

Madina Market Shop No. 112/6, General Bus Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7725674m 7723433
Mob: 0321-7725674

Lail Por Sarhad Goods
Proprietor: Jaan Muhammad Khan
Ph: 5773708

Lucky Pishawar Goods
Proprietor: Haji Arshad
Ph: 5533903

Lucky Punjab Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Ilyas
Ph: 5773708

Lahore Nolakhad Goods
Proprietor: Mlik Nadeem Hayat
Ph: 5771495

Lucky Star Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4443638

Lucky Karwan Goods plot No. 3 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4443162-4443145

Lucky Islamabad Goods G/8-1 Islamabad
Ph: 2853172

Lucky Al-Awan Goods G/8-1 Islamabad
Ph: 2254072


Madina Cargo Network(R)
Main Bund Road Kasur Pura Stop
Opp: Govt Girls College , Lahore .
Ph: 04237726199

Plot No. 32-b, 2nd Floor, Room No. 9,
Old Truck Stand, Near Kausar Masjid Mari Pur Road , Karachi .
Tel: 2511796
Fax: 021-2511796

Plot No. 43-a, Sitara Hallla Building Old Truck Stand Maripur Road Karachi .
Ph: 021-2533146

Port Qasim More Razak Abad Steel Mill Karachi .
Ph: 021-4100344
Mob: 0301-8286486

Plot No. 67-a, Near Crown Cinema Old Truck Stand, Maripur Road Karachi
Ph: 021-32522865, 37740290
Fax: 021-32522865

Plot No. 41-A, New Truck Stand Maripur Road , Karachi .
Ph: 2545885, 2541985
Mob: 0300-2024085, 0333-2163685

Near Frontier Hotel Plot No. 25/B, Second Floor Office No. 205, Old Truck Stand Maripur Road, Karachi.
Ph: 021-2543865
Mob: 0300-7354316, 0343-7654316, 0314-2568611

Old Truck Stant Maripur Road New Old National Bank Liari Karachi-53
Ph: 021-2544158, 252811
Mob: 0333-2312911, 0301-2312911, 0300-8231236

Office 10 Jamal Millat Complex Near Total Petrol Pump Truck Stand Maripur Road Karachi
Mob: 0301-8244664, 0300-6084975

Plot No. 46-a, Shenwari Centre, Second Floor, Room No. 206, Old Truck Stand, Maripur Road , Karachi
Mob: 0333-3126017

Plot No. 419/ LDA General Truck Stand Main Ravi Road , Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7703326, 7705800, 7704431, 6170585

Makka Madina Transport Service
Gate No. 1 Vegetable Market Ravi Link Road , Masha Allah Market, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7730397

Manzoor and Co. Goods Transport Company ®
Lasani Plaza Shop No. 24 Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 0427744875

Malik Brother Goods Transport Company®
Taj Ghazi Cold Store Shop No. 112/ A Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7729448

Mehboob Goods Transport Company
Plot No.1 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37702030
Do Aabba Goods Forwarding Agency
Plot No. 7 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37704191

Malik Javed Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 419LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37703326

Mughal and Brothers Goods Transport Company®
Out Side Akbari Gate Kisan Street No. 5 Behind Circular Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37724869

Mehmand Frontior Punjab Goods Transport Company®
Vegetable Market Bridge Darra No. 8, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-36185183

Ph: 042-7729448, 6149174, 7728896

Sabazi Mandi Pull Dara No. 8 Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-36185183, 37723768

Gate No. 1, Sabazi Mandi Ravi Link Road, Masha Allah Market, Lahore
Ph: 042-7730397
Mob: 0333-4501945, 0306-4283300, 0345-4262143, 0307-4600892

Lasani Plaza Shop No. 24 Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37700072, 3770073, 7744875
Mob: 0300-4293595

General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7700997, 7709966
Mob: 0300-4747996, 0321-4607036

Taj Gazi Cold Storage New Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 37720751, 37726821, 37701657, 37724767, 37751989

Truck Stand Plot No. 1, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7702030, 7705713, 7705708
Fax: 7702150

Mughal Star Goods
Proprietor: Khaleel Khan
Ph: 553740, 5538741

Madina Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Parwez
Ph: 5550416

Mian Jee Goods
Proprietor: Mian Safeer Ahmad
Ph: 5770932

Mushtarka Mehmand Goods
Proprietor: Ashraf Hussain
Ph: 5557552

Muhammadia Goods
Proprietor: Ashraf Hussain
Ph: 5770249

M Tariq Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295154

M Zaman Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295214

Maqbool Forwarding Agency Plot No. 59, G/8-1 Islamabad
Ph: 2282490

Malik Truck Trailer & Prim Motor Fateh Jan Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295673

Mushtarka Abbasi Goods Plot No. 3, I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4449140

Marhaba Goods Plot No. 3, I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4449140

Malik Basir Goods Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295035

Mazhar Goods & Car Clearing Agent Tarnol
Ph: 2295049

Mushtarka The Tamman Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2229577

Mianwali Karachi Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295212

Mushtarka Pak Ch. Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4448769

Mushtarka Mehmand Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4442998

Margala Karachi Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4449922

Mughal Brother Goods Sahla
Ph: 4490681

Malik Asghar Goods Tarnol
Ph: 5464323-2217565

M Hussnain Container Services ®
Plot No. 41, SabzaZar Truck Stand Band Road Lahore
Ph: 042-37537565

Mianwali Multan Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 23, SabzaZar Scheme Near Babu Sabu Tool Plaza Lahore
Ph: 042-7532788-888

M. Fayaz Goods Transport Company ®
Plot 83-A, New Truck Stand, Mauripur Road Karachi .
Ph: 2536755-2536455

Karwan e Najia Mini Goods

Old Sabzi Mandi, Near GPO Post Office, Multan, Pakistan
Phone: 0092-61-4510223, 0092-61-4510392
Cell#: 0092-300-6362856, 0092-300-8672856


New Pak Sarhad Goods Transport Co.
Opp: Truck Stand Jhang Road ,
Faisalabad . Ph:041-265400

New Pindi Peshawar Goods Transport Co
Circular Road, Outside Akbari Mindi,
Lahore . Ph: 042-7663898

New Haji Hamid Butt Goods Transport Co.
Kasur Pura Bund Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37051812

New Raftar Hazara goods Forwarding Agency
Circular Road Opp: Mochi Gate, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7669400

Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Plot No. 55-A, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand, Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 2356351-352
Mob: 0300-2096800

Gate No. 3, Street No. 4, Hawksbay Road Near Muslim Commercial Bank, Karachi .
Ph: 021-4249468, 021-2530127, 021-2511209
Mob: 0333-2091520

Mian Khalil Trust Factory Area, Lal Mills Chowk Faisalabad .
Ph: 2634532-2613846

Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Plot No. 509-A, Quaid-e-Azam New Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Mob: 0321-2015266, 03004770334, 0334-3373181

Mari Pur, Gate No. 1, Street No. 3, Plot No. 576, New Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 2353857, 2352858

369 Abdul Khaliq Road , Sheranwala Gate, Lahore
Ph: 042-37727853, 37720953, 37730657

Office No. 20, Jan Business Center Ring Road near Deer Colony Chowk Peshawar.

Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Gate No. 2-3, Street No. 4, Plot No. 41-B, Karachi
Ph: 021-32067940
Mob: 0301-2708150, 0321-2908150

Plot No. 90-B, Old Truck Stand, Maripur Road Karachi
Ph: 021-32513830
Fax: 021-32500098

Plot No. 413, St. No. 2, Gate No. 2, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2350506, 2350316, 2352977-78

First Floor, Lasai Plaza, Main Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 37705698, 37725685, 37728252, 37728460
Mob: 0300-4259494, 0333-4251994

Plot No. 472/ LDA Main Road Ravi Link Road , Near Lasani Plaza , Lahore
Ph: 042-7703054, 7703074, 7728436, 6152700

Main Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 7723931, 7722184

Plot o. 25, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 37705727, 37701024, 37700960, 36170277

Plot No. 7, New Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-5035884, 7707484, 7726484, 7727084

Plot No. 463 Near Rosan Hotel Ravi Road, Lahore
Ph: 37729446, 37729517, 37706824, 37708806
Mob: 0301-4633019

Plot No. 4, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 37700368, 37725625, 37700619
Mob: 0300-4968775

New Rajput Goods Transport Company®
Opp: Vegetable and Fruit Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37720999

Naqash Lasani Goods Transport Company®
Opp: Vegetable Market Near Jazz Centre Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7700537

Nasir Pak Ghausia Goods Transport Company®
Opp: Fruit Market Near Railway Centre Plaza Ravi Link Road Lahore .
Ph: 042-37720468

New Hashmi Goods Transport Company®
1st Floor Lasani Plaza Opp: Fruit Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37723586

New Faisal goods Transport Company®
1st Floor, Lasani Plaza , Main Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37705698

New Al-Akhlaq Goods Transport Company®
General Truck Stand Near Roshan Hotal, Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-7727918

New Lahore Sialkot Goods Transport Company®
General Truck Stand Plot No. 462, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7034129

New Jeeway Aziz Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 463 Near Roshan Hotel Ravi Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37708806

New Mehar Brothers Goods Transport
General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7727680

New Pubi Char Sadda Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. LDA Saadullah Jan Market General Truck Stand Near Fruit Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .

Nadeem Malik Cargo Service Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 472/LDA Main Road, Ravi Link Road, Near Lasani Plaza, Lahore.

New Pak Afridi & Muhammad Iqbal Goods Transport Company ®
Main Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7723931

New Azad Pakistan Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 25 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37705727

New Almadad Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 7 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-5035884

New Jeeway Aziz Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 463 Near Roshan Hotel Ravi Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37729446

New Jeeway Aziz Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 463 Near Roshan Hotel Ravi Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37729446

Niazi Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 4 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37700368

New Pak Iran Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 9, Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37724414

New Hashmi Goods Transport Company®
125-1st Floor Lasani Plaza Opp: Fruit Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .

New Mughal and Brothers Goods Transport Company®
Taj Ghazi Cold Storage Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37720751

New Pindi Islamabad Goods Carior
Plot No. 425/ LDA General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37701988

New Pubi Sawat Goods Transport Company®
General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37064548

New Lucky Sialkot Goods Forwarding Agency®
Akbari Market Opp:Shah Muhammad Ghaus Darbar Watan Building Circular Road, Lahore.
Ph: 0300-4815158

New Almehboob Goods Forwarding Agency®
Outside Akbari Gate
Ph: 042-7653025
The 786 Pak Rehman Cargo Service
Kisan Street Gujar Market Outside Akbari Gate, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37027516

New Azad Sahiwal Goods Transport Company®
Opp: Shell Petrol Pump Outside Sheranwala Gate Circular road, Lahore .
Ph: 04237702465

General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7727680, 7700989

General Bus Stand Near Rosan Hotel Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7727918, 7727367
Mob: 0323-4375775, 0300-4375775

Opposite Sabazi, Froot Mandi Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37720999, 37721180

Railway Plaza Opposite Sabazi Mandi Near Jaz Center Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-7700537

Opposite Froot Mandi Near Railway Center Plaza Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-37720468, 37720469, 37723087
Mob: 0302-4406214, 0313-4367410, 0300-6206887, 0300-6208703, 0333-4651687

125 First Floor, Lasani Plaza Opposite Froot Mandi Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-37723586, 35020606
Mob: 0300-4870686

Ravi Link General Truck Stand Plot No. 425-LDA, Lahore
Ph: 042-7701988, 7702007, 7700456, 6170207

General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7727680, 7700989

Plot No. LDA, Sadullah Jan Market General Truck Stand Near Froot Mandi Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-7723142, 6170344

General Truck Stand Main Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-37064548

Akberi Mandi Opoosit Shah Muhammad Ghaus Darbar Building Circle Road, Lahore
Mob: 0300-4815158

Badami Bagh Pull Dara No. 13, Near Sabazi Mandi Ravi Road, Lahore
Ph: 7728379

New Awami Goods
Proprietor: Habibullah Qureshi
Ph: 0303-6539915

New Azad Afridi Goods
Proprietor: Raja Zahid Azeez
Ph: 5557318, 051

New Bark Goods
Proprietor: Mazher Khan
Ph: 5550949

New Daar Goods
Proprietor: Raja Ibrar
Ph: 5555655, 051

New Falkan Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Haji Lal, Muhammad Mumtaz
Ph: 5539716, 051

New Karachi Laki Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Asif
Ph: 5552336, 0300-5207511

New Karwan Goods
Proprietor: Raja Zafar
Ph: 5552991, 5770991

New Kashmir Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Munsaf
Ph: 5553901, 051

New Union Karachi Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Yousif Billa
Ph: 5774833, 051

New Pindi Sawat Goods
Proprietor: Nazeer Ahmad
Ph: 5774949, 051

Naanga Parbat Goods
Proprietor: Shabir Hussain
Ph: 5774805, 051

New Pishawar Nolakha Goods
Proprietor: Malik Toqeer
Ph: 5771568, 8393

New Raftar Goods

New Rawla Kot Javaid Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Javaid
Ph: 5535787, 0300-5241093

New Star Goods
Proprietor: Imran Aqeel
Ph: 5539330

Neelam Ittehad Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Yousaf
Ph: 5772396

Noroz Goods
Proprietor: CH. Muhammad Riaz
Ph: 5530822

No Bahar Goods
Proprietor: Ch. No Bahar
Ph: 5771374, 5771742

New Atimad Attak Goods
Proprietor: Jamshed Khan
Ph: 5534528

New Pindi Karachi Goods
Proprietor: Haji Muhammad Anwar Khan
Ph: 5557874, 5557854

New Mall Khana Goods
Proprietor: Mir Salam Sahib
Ph: 5535249, 5577462

New Shakeel & Brothers Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 22955076

New Al-Hameed Transport G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295835

Nobahar Goods Alyas Market I/10-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4431771

Nayazi Cargo Services Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295635

New Pabbi Pindi Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4449430

New Ch. Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4444886

New Kohat Karachi Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4449392

New Bark Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4442407

New Dhanyal Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4446863

New Awan Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4449259

Noroz Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 443518

New Afridi Union Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4436579

New Karachi Hzara Goods Plot No. G/8, A-55 Islamabad
Ph: 5562309

New Pindi Sawat Goods Fruit Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4449436

New M.R Goods Shop No. 1, Ilyas Market I/10-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4443681

New Al-Faisal Goods Carriage Factory
Ph: 5464488

New Ch. Karwan Goods Rawat
Ph: 610719

New Azad Muslim Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4442849

New Pindi Lahore Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4448593

New Mushtarka Awan Goods Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 2217408

New Mushtarka Awan Goods Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 2217408

New Mushtarka Islamabad Goods Plot No. G/8-1.84-85 Islamabad
Ph: 855070



Pak Paracha Goods
Opp: Govt Park , Near Service Station,
Jhang Road , Faisalabad .
Ph: 041-8002473

Pak Al-Fetah Goods Transport Co.
Jhang Road Near Jinazgah Chiniot.
Ph: 041-2552325

Pak Hajvery Goods Transport Co
Near Suzuki Ravi Motor Gahoo Shala
Bund Road , Lahore . Ph: 042-7706822

Pak Qamar Goods Transport Co.
Amin Park Bus Stop Near Petrol Pump
Mali Pura Bund Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37720255

Plot No. 498, Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 32321343-32351344,
Mob: 0300-7015344, 0300-7010567

Plot No. 177/A, Street No. 4, Gate No. 6, Hawksbay Truck Stand, Karachi .
Mob: 0300-3625805, 0345-2683169, 0344-2475226

20 G/1, Block-6, P.E.C.H.S OFF Shahrah-e-Faisal Karachi .
UAN: +92 (21) 111-786-400
Fax: +92 (21) 4520020
Mob: +92 (321) 2257166

Plot No. 638-A, Gate No. 3, Street No. 3, New Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 32352183, 32352184, 32350453, 32350474, 34209211

Shahwaliullah Road , Khadda Market, Karachi .
Ph: 2533082, 2544782
Mob: 0300-2373507, 0345-2755599

Plot No. 17-a, New Truck Stand Maripur Road , Karachi
Ph: 021-32547065
Mob: 0301-4520264

Plot No. 578-A, Gate No. 1, Street No. 3, Quaid-e-Azam International Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi
Ph: 32355489
Mob: 0300-3090952, 0315-3090952, 0301-6729016

Plot No. 352/A, B & C, Main Ravi Link Road Sabzi Mandi Pull Qadirabad Lahore
Ph: 0423-7706745, 7709245, 7729345, 7701845
Mob: 0300-9439015, 0344-9439015

5 Lasani Plaza Opposite Froot Mandi Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7730024, 7730755, 5091477

Babami Bagh Bridge, Data Nagar Dara No. 15 Near Sabazi Mandi Ravi Road, Lahore
Ph: 37084160

Haji Pura Daska Road Near Moon CNG, Sialkot
Mob: 0303-4380536

Shop No. 3, Pak Gazi Cold Storage General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7723818, 7729388

Plot No. 36, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7701021, 7701982

49, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37722480, 37722780
Fax: 042-37705690
Mob: 0300-4343380

Peshawar and Koram Union Goods Forwarding Agency
Plot No. A,B&C, 352/ A Main Ravi Link Road , Vegetable Market Bridge Qadaraabad, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37729345

Punjab Boluchistan Goods Transport Company®
Lasani Plaza Opp: Fruit Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-7730024

Pubi Char Sadda Goods Transport Company®
General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road .
Ph: 042-37708330

Pak Frontiers Hazara Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. LDA/471 Ravi Road Near Lasani Plaza Asad But Market General Truck Stand, Lahore .
Ph: 04237702032

Poona Islamabad Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 7 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37703411

Pak Nazami Goods Transport Company®
Shop No. 3, Pak Ghazi Cold Storage General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37723818

Pak Madina Goods Transport Company®
Madina Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37705211

Plot No. 7, Ravi Link Road , General Truck Stand, Lahore
Ph: 042-7703411, 7723633
Mob: 0333-4356811, 0343-4356811

General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37708330, 37722730
Mob: 0345-8880125

Plot No. 471/LDA Ravi Road Near Lasani Plaza, Asad Butt Market General Truck Stand, Lahore
Ph: 042-37702032
Mob: 0300-8538894, 0312-7702042

For Thok Truck Madina Market Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 770521, 7708811, 7723687
Mob: 0323-4925211

Pakistan Stara Goods
Proprietor: Nazeer Hussain
Ph: 5553964

Pakistan Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Bashir
Ph: 5553101

Pak Fatah International Goods
Proprietor: Sajad Khan
Ph: 5551037

Public Goods Service
Proprietor: Khalid Mehmood, Muhammad Shafiq
Ph: 5772195, 0300-5211795

Pishawar Lahore Goods
Proprietor: Aftab Ahmad
Ph: 5774652, 5771346

Pindi Rawlakot Goods
Proprietor: Sardar Muhammad Aziz Khan
Ph: 5559715

Pindi Atak Goods
Proprietor: Allahdad Khan
Ph: 5770826

Pindi Bagh Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Saeed Ahmad Saeed
Ph: 5535271

Pindi United Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Kawaja Asif Majeed
Ph: 5771868, 5774869

Ponch Hajera Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Muhammad Aslam
Ph: 5771705, 5542029

Pindi Kahota Goods
Proprietor: Raja Muhammad Rafiq
Ph: 5554323

Pindi Ponch Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Mubarak Ali, Muhammad Kurshid
Ph: 5771868, 5774869

Pindi Tararkhul Goods
Proprietor: Sardar Tariq Mehmood Khan
Ph: 5773213

Parwaz Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Abid
Ph: 5551194

Pindi Palandari Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Khurshid
Ph: 5538611

Pothwar Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Muhammad Fayyaz
Ph: 5554565, 5558799

Pak Muhammadi Goods
Proprietor: Zayarak Hussain Abbasi Ph: 5556781, 0333-5175577

Pak Nilam Goods
Proprietor: Sheikh Abdul Hafeez Ph: 5551623

Pindi Karwan Goods
Proprietor: Bha Pashkeel Ahmad Ph: 5770027, 0300-9704778

Pak Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Nazir Hussain Shah Ph: 5772810

Pindi Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Haji Samandar Khan Ph: 5771806, 5550654

Pak Nilam Goods Ilyas Market I/10-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4447303

Pak Bismillah Goods G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295355

Pak Visa Transport Tarnol
Ph: 2295497

Pindi Sawat Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4447969

Pak Millat Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4443179

Pak Ch. Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4436461

Pak Ch. Goods Carriage Factory
Ph: 5472799

Pasban Goods Shala
Ph: 4491794

Pakistan Container Goods Transport Company ®
Plot 43/A, Maripur Road , Truck Stand, Karachi-2.
Ph: 2528517-2524817

Paidar Pakistan Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 67, Sbza Zar Truck Stand, Band Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37539655-37521755

Pak Goods Transport Company
Plot No. 59, Sabza Zar Truck Stand, Bund Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37535441-37537841


Queta Pak Afghan Goods Transport Co.
Opp: Hazrat Syed Muhammad Ghaus
Circular Road , Akbari Mindi, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7663688

Opposite Chilton Ghee Mill, Kasi Street , Sarki Road , Quetta .
Ph: 2470428
Mob: 0301-3365625, 0301-2501866

Qari Goods Mercedes Transport Service®
Plot No. 245, New General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-7706993

Lasani Plaza General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 37725671, 37725679

Qasim Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 0303-7370841

Qamar Goods Rawat Islamabad
Ph: 610417

Quetta International Goods Plot No. 3 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 44431143

Karwan Goods Saleha
Ph: 4491378

Karwan Goods Rawat
Ph: 610876


Rana Brothers Suhail Jamshaid Goods
Forwarding Agency
Main Bund Old Dhobi Ghat Near Govt.
Girls College , Lahore .
Ph: 0334-4005147

Rustam Punjab Goods Transport Co.
Kasan Street No. 5, Outside Akbari Gate,
Lahore . Ph: 042-37664729

Goods Office Berth No. 5, City Station.
Mob: 0321-8253541, 0301-8253541

Rajput Salahri Good Transport Company®
New Vegetable Market Plot No. 387 Opp: New Bridg Badami Bagh Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37705622

Rana Safdar Goods Carg Carrior®
Plot No. 465, Main Ravi Link Road, General Truck Stand, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37700584

New Sabazi Mandi Plot No. 387, Opposite New Bridge Badami Bagh Ravi Link Road Lahore
Ph: 042-37705622, 37725623

Plot No. 465, Main Ravi Link Road General Truck Stand, Lahore
Ph: 042-37700584, 36175084

Rizwan Goods
Proprietor: Haji Muhammad Amin
Ph: 5772379

Raja G Goods
Proprietor: Ishfaq Azeez Raja
Ph: 5535106

Rawal Goods
Proprietor: Haji Muhammad Syed
Ph: 5551806

Raftar Hazra Goods
Proprietor: Ch. Zahoor Ahmad
Ph: 5534319

Raftar Goods
Proprietor: Haji Abdul Ghafoor
Ph: 5538705, 5536249

Raja Brothers Goods Faizabad Islamabad
Ph: 444600

Raza Terminal G.T Road Tarnol Islamabad
Ph: 2295500

Rizwan Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4449888

Rawal Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4441719

Rana Brother
Plot No. 35, SabzaZar Truck Stand, Bund Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37531521


Sargodha Public Goods Forwarding
Opp: Akhri Gate Truck Stand Jhang Road
Faisalabad Ph: 041-2458723

Super Toba Goods Transport Co.
Opp: New Truck Stand Jhang Road ,
Faisalabad.Ph: 041-2554525

Sheikh Goods Forwarding Agency
Plot No. 77 Truck Stand Jhang Road ,
Faisalabad . Ph:0412651055

Super Pindi Peshawar Goods Transport Co
Chowk Adda Crown Bus Akbari Mindi,
Lahore . Ph: 042-36170477

Sawat Goods Transport Co.
Outside Shah Alam Gate Near Masjid Bagh
Wali Railway Booking Office Circular Road,
Lahore. Ph: 042-7661359

Plot No. 426, Street No. 2,
Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 32352274-32352275, 32356860-32356160
Mob: 0300-2210163

Plot No. 119-A, Gate No. 6, Street No. 3, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 37522581, 32549354
Mob: 0300-3697443, 0300-8246722

Godam No. 2, Akhari Line Tawar Godi Railway Station, Opposite Edhi Center , Karachi
Ph: 32418483, 32437351, 32418733
Mob: 0300-2780210, 0344-8268793

Plot No. 683/A, Gate No. 6, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi .
Ph: 021-32355290, 32356290
Mob: 0300-6606290

Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Plot No. 506-A, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Phone: 021-2354478
Mob: 0333-2279322

Plot No. 84/85, Barak Building Truck Stand Mari Pur Road , Karachi
Ph: 021-4247333

Gate No. 6, Street No. 4, Plot No. 176-A, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-32356591, 34299856
Mob: 0333-9130756, 0312-9130756

Plot No. 520-A, Gate No. 2, Last Street Right Hand, Truck Stand, Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 2350109, 2350718, 2353879, 2008524
Mob: 0320-4040981
Fax: 2350108

Plot No. 537-539, Gate No. 3, Street No. 4, Truck Stand Hawksbay Road Karachi .
Ph: 021-34252433, 32351333, 32356133-4
Mob: 0302-8284433, 0300-3391733

Plot No. 79/A, Gate No. 6, Street No. 2, Hawksbay Road, Truck Stand, Karachi
Ph: 2353651, 2354142, 2354144
Mob: 0333-2324835

Maripur Road, Plot No. 80/A, Karachi
Ph: 021-2512488, 2543200, 2512788
Mob: 0345-3479876, 0346-2471108

Shop No. 4, Lasani Plaza , Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 7706593, 7722078, 7702893, 5023273, 7705311

103 Lasani Plaza General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 37703840, 37703940

Plot No. 11 General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7724751, 7726875, 7729607, 6170675

Plot No. 6, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph : 042-37709214, 37709314, 37709714

Sialkot Sargodha Goods Transport Company®
Shop No. 4, Lasani Plaza Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-3776593

Sargodha Bhatti Goods Transport Company®
Bhatti Petroleum Service Chak 91 South Bhattiwala , Lahore Road , Sargodha .
Ph: 042-312191

Star International Goods
Plot No. 18,19 Gate No. 3, Street No. 4, Quid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawks Bay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-2350298

Sitara Nazir Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 414-15 near Ravi Chowk, Chaman Market, General Truck Stand, Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37721208

Sargodha Khushab Goods Transport Company
General Truck Stand Plot No. 462 Ravi Link Road , Lahore .

Shama Cargo Services
Plot No. 469, Near Woroshan Hotal General Truck Stand, Ravi Link road, Lahore .
Ph: 042-7723518

Shakeel and Brothers Goods Transport Company®
Near PSO Pump Toor Baba Abdul Jameel Saraiy Ring Road, Peshawar.
Ph: 091-2586151

Sheblee Cargo Services®
Plot No. 6 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37709214

Sakhi Shehbaz Qalandar Goods Forwarding Agency®
Plot No. 11 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37724751

Saleem Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 9-A General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37703821

Shahid Afridi Cargo Service®
Plot No. 452 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37720866

Super Azam Afridi Goods Transport Company®
Main Ravi Link Road , General Truck Stand, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37700970

Super Bungash Union Goods Transport Company®
Plot no. 419-A(LDA) Opp: PSO Petrol Pump Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37700981

Shenwari Afridi Goods Transport Company®
Plot No. 447 General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road , Lahore .
Ph: 042-37701261

Plot No. 452, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7720866, 7707366, 7706766

Plot No. 9-A General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph : 7703821, 7727106, 7722059
Mob: 0302-4159159, 0300-4348366, 0300-4140488

Opposite Shell Petrol Pump General Bus Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 7730257, 7730436, 7722064, 5500672

Shop No. 4, Lasani Plaza Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 7706593, 7722078, 7702893, 5023273, 7705311

General Bus Stand Plot No. 462, Ravi Link Road , Lahore
Ph: 042-37731240, 37743641, 37706740, 37700940

Plot No. 469 Near Rosan Hotel General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 6171799, 7723518, 7724831, 7726924
Mob: 0300-9412607, 0321-9412607

Plot No. 419-A/LDA Opposite PSO Petrol Pump Ravi Link Road , Lahore

Plot No. 447/LDA, General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-37701261, 37728705, 37730244, 36170471

Near PSO Pump Toor Baba Abdul Jamil Serae Ring Road, Peshawar
Ph: 091-2586151, 5523051
Mob: 0300-4735151

Super Stara Goods
Proprietor: Zahoor Ahmad
Ph: 5539054

Super Lahore United Goods

Super Al-Farooq Goods
Proprietor: Tariq Mehmood
Ph: 5538109

Stara Kashmir Goods
Proprietor: Abdul Qayyum Abbasi
Ph: 555853, 5776086

Sawat Goods
Proprietor: Malik Muhammad Akram
Ph: 5559233

Shaheen Hazara Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Shaheen
Ph: 5542671

Sher Baaz Goods
Proprietor: Raja Muhammad Asif
Ph: 5770486

Sadiq Waqar Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Sadiq
Ph: 5559171

S.K International Movers I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4430124

Shakeel Goods Nasir
Ph: 2295056

Super Kohistan Hazara Goods Plot No. 3 Sabzi Mandi Islamabad
Ph: 4448599

Super Five Star Goods Shop No. 2 Ilyas Market I/11-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4444674

Sarhad Punjab Goods Plot No. I/11-4’ 3’ Islamabad
Ph: 4441715

Sarhad Punjab Goods G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295038

Super Star Goods Plot No. I/11-4.1

Sangum Karwan Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4443698

Saif Visa I/11-4 Sakanabad
Ph: 4443236

Super Five Star Goods Rawat Islamabad
Ph: 610441

Super Kohistan Hazara Goods I/11-4 Islamabad

Super Atak Hazara Goods I/10-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4444517

Shaheen Serviecs G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295283

Shahid Zaman & Co. I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4446846

Shahzad & Fayaz Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295457

Sheikh Ayaz Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4447189

Shahzad Nayazi Goods Fateh Jang Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295612

Sher Baz Goods I/10-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4443348

Shan Goods Pindora
Ph: 4430152

Shahid Brother Goods Rawat Islamabad
Ph: 610613

Sher Brother Goods Transport Company ®
Bakar Mandi Band Road Lahore
Ph: 042-37560228-37564303

Sindh Punjab Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 23, New Track Stand, Near PSO Petrol Pump SabzaZar Scheme Lahore .
Ph: 042-7524811


Plot No. 580, Gate No. 1, Street No. 3, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Ph: 021-32354059
Mob: 0344-2960536, 0321-2547913, 0321-5718118

The Pak Watan Goods Transport Co
Opp: New Truck Stand Jhang Road ,
Faisalabad . Ph:0300-6600153

Tahir Iqbal Goods Forwarding Agency
Khalid Park Main Bund Road Opp:
Gazi Cold Storage Khokhar Town ,
Lahore . Ph: 042-7722272

The Shahdab Goods Transport Co
Sagian Road , Near Caltex Petrol Pump,
Lahore . Ph: 0427150176

The Queta Goods Transport Co. Container Service
Outside Shairan Wala Gate, Lahore .
Ph: 042-37727011

Gate No. 6, Street No. 3, Plot No. 115-a, Quaid-e-Azam, Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi.
Tel: 021-32350028, 021-32356629, 021-38556094
Mob: 0300-3575241

Plot No. 677/B, Gate No. 3, Street No. 4, (Left Side) Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi
Ph: 2356203, 2356124, 2356306
Fax: 2356147

Gate No. 2, Plot No. 408, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 32350569-32350568

Plot No. 554-A, Gate No. 3, Street No. 4, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 021-32354194, 32354173
Mob: 0334-3148255

Gate No. 5, Street No. 3, Plot No. 131-A, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road , Karachi .
Ph: 2350705, 2350704

Plot No. 542, Hawksbay Road, Karachi Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand, Gate No. 3.Ph: 32350400, 32350904
Mob: 0300-2864032

Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Plot
No. 511, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi
Ph: 2353336, 2353337
Mob: 0300-7694139
Gate No. 2, Street No. 4, Plot No. 511, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi
Ph: 2353336, 2353337
Mob: 0300-7694139

Plot No. 417-A, Gate No. 2, Street No. 2, Quaid-e-Azam Truck Stand Hawksbay Road, Karachi
Ph: 32353234, 32353235, 32353236, 37640156-7-8
Mob: 0345-8004015

The Al-Noor Goods Transport Company ®
Plot No. 11/B General Truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore.
Ph: 042-37709497

Plot No. 11-B General truck Stand Ravi Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7709497, 7709737, 5090997
Fax: 042-7704816

The Pak Goods
Proprietor: Syed Sajad Hussain
Ph: 5772059

The Pindi Kashmir Rawlakot Goods
Proprietor: Sardar Tariq Mehmood Sahib
Ph: 5554336

The Frontier Punjab Goods
Proprietor: Haji Muhammad Islam
Ph: 5771251

The Malik Express Goods
Proprietor: Sheikh Shahid
Ph: 5771215

The North Star Goods
Proprietor: Jamal-ud-Din Nazeer
Ph: 5771851

The Pindi Peshawar Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Sher
Ph: 5557967

The Quetta Goods
Proprietor: Muhammad Aslam Qureshi
Ph: 5531772

The Shadab Goods
Proprietor: Haji Sajjad Khan
Ph: 5553588

The Karachi Islamabad Goods
Proprietor: Malik Faheem Kaiser
Ph: 5539588, 5557651

The Lahore Pindi Goods
Proprietor: Sarfaraz Khan
Ph: 5539804, 5773804

The Super Raftar Goods
Proprietor: Raja Zahid
Ph: 5556831

The National Goods
Proprietor: Farh Riaz
Ph: 5771586

Tariq Nolakkha Goods
Proprietor: Tariq Mehmood
Ph: 5536685

Tariq Nayazi Goods
Proprietor: Hakim Khan Nayazi
Ph: 5536668, 5536669

Tawakkal Goods I/9 Islamabad
Ph: 4444123

Three Star Goods Sahalla
Ph: 4491449

Talla Ghang Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295284

Transpark Enterprise G.T Road Tarnol

Taff Pakistan Cargo Service G.T Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295750

The Shadab Goods Plot No. A-55, I & T Center G/8-4
Ph: 2251747

The Pishawar Lahore Goods No. I/11-4, 27 Islamabad
Ph: 4447935

The Tamman Awan Goods Tarnol
Ph: 2295463

The Tamman Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295241

The Awan Goods Pishawar Goods Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295595

The Tamman Tailor Services Pishawar Road Tarnol
Ph: 2295696

The Super Hazara Goods I/11-4 Islamabad
Ph: 4444464

The Faisal Goods Khayban Sir Syed
Ph: 4422696

Tayeb Cargo Care Shop No. 1 Ilyas Market I/10-1 Islamabad
Ph: 4443255


Uzma Enterprises Nation wide Transport Nerwork
M224 Jilani Cnetre Bagh Zuhra Street MW Tower Karachi
Ph: 021-2472526

Umar Goods Transport Company®
Circular Road , Shah Almi Outside Mochi Gate, Lahore .
Ph: 0300-8087676

Shop No. 18, Lasani Plaza Near Froot Mandi General Truck Stand Ravi Road Link Road, Lahore
Ph: 042-7730003, 7700926, 7023568

Circle Road Shah Almi Beroone Mochi Gate, Lahore
Mob: 0300-8087676, 0333-4228162



Waseem & Naeem Enterprises
Plot No. 31, New Truck Stand Sabza Zar Scheme Lahore
Ph: 042-7532062




Plot No. 68-a, Ist Floor, New Truck Stand, Mauripur Road, Karachi;
Ph: 021-2527234, 2531146
Cell: 0301-8269434

Pakistan Geography


  • Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north
    30 00 N, 70 00 E
    total: 796,095 sq km
    land: 770,875 sq km
    water: 25,220 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 37
    slightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California
    Area comparison map:
    total: 7,257 km
    border countries (4): Afghanistan 2,670 km, China 438 km, India 3,190 km, Iran 959 km
    1,046 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
    divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River plain in the center and east, and the Balochistan Plateau in the south and west
    mean elevation: 900 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
    highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m
    arable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
    agricultural land: 35.2%
    arable land 27.6%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 6.5%
    forest: 2.1%
    other: 62.7% (2011 est.)
    202,000 sq km (2012)
    the Indus River and its tributaries attract most of the settlement, with Punjab province the most densely populated
    frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
    water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural freshwater resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution and noise pollution in urban areas
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
    controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent
  • Source: CIA – The World Factbook


Pakistan District Profiles

Pakistan has four provinces North West Frontier, Sindh, Punjab, Province and Balochistan.

Each Province is further divided into districts. There are 34 districts in punjab, 16 in Sindh, 26 in Balochistan and 24 in NWFP.

Districts Of NWFP
1. Peshawar
2. Charsada
3. Mardan
4. Swabi
5. Bunner
6. Swat
7. Shangla
8. Malakand
9. Kohistan 10. Batagram
11. Mansehra
12. Abbottabad
13. Haripur
14. Chitral
15. Upper Dir
16. Lower Dir 17. Nowshera
18. Kohat
19. Hangu
20. Karak
21. Bannu
22. Lakki Marwat
23. D.I. Khan
24. Tank

1. Attock
2. Bhakkar
3. Bahawalnagar
4. Bahawalpur
5. Chakwal
6. Dera Ghazi Khan
7. Faisalabad
8. Gujrat
9. Gujranwala
10. Jhang
11. Hafizabad 12. Khanewal
13. Lahore
14. Lodhran
15. Layyah
16. Mandi-Bahaudddin
17. Multan
18. Mianwali
19. Muzaffargarh
20. Narowal
21. Okara
22. Pakpattan 23. Rawalpindi
24. Jhelum
25. Khushab
26. Kasur
27. Rahimyarkhan
28. Rajanpur
29. Sahiwal
30. Sargodha
31. Sheikhupura
32. Gujrat
33. Toba Tek Singh
34. Vehari

1. Karachi
2. Hyderabad
3. Badin
4. Thatta
5. Dadu
6. Sukkur
7. Ghotki
8. Khairpur 9. Nawabshah
10. Noshero Feroz
11. Tharparkar
12. Mirpurkhas
13. Sanghar
14. Larkana
15. Jacobabad
16. Shikarpur

10. KECH
24. SIBI
25. ZHOB

Pakistan Civil Society


  • 204,924,861 (July 2017 est.)
    note: provisional results of Pakistan’s 2017 national census estimate the country’s total population to be 207,774,000
    country comparison to the world: 6
    noun: Pakistani(s)
    adjective: Pakistani
    Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
    Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
    Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
    0-14 years: 31.36% (male 33,005,623/female 31,265,463)
    15-24 years: 21.14% (male 22,337,897/female 20,980,455)
    25-54 years: 37.45% (male 39,846,417/female 36,907,683)
    55-64 years: 5.57% (male 5,739,817/female 5,669,495)
    65 years and over: 4.48% (male 4,261,917/female 4,910,094) (2017 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 65.3
    youth dependency ratio: 57.9
    elderly dependency ratio: 7.4
    potential support ratio: 13.5 (2015 est.)
    total: 23.8 years
    male: 23.7 years
    female: 23.8 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    1.43% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    21.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    -1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    the Indus River and its tributaries attract most of the settlement, with Punjab province the most densely populated
    urban population: 36.7% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 2.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Karachi 15.4 million; Lahore 11.738 million; Faisalabad 3.311 million; Rawalpindi 2.156 million; Gujranwala 2.11 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 1.061 million (2018)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    23.4 years
    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)
    178 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    total: 52.1 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 55.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 48.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    total population: 68.1 years
    male: 66.1 years
    female: 70.1 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    2.62 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    35.4% (2012/13)
    2.6% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    0.98 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
    0.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    urban: 93.9% of population
    rural: 89.9% of population
    total: 91.4% of population
    urban: 6.1% of population
    rural: 10.1% of population
    total: 8.6% of population (2015 est.)
    urban: 83.1% of population
    rural: 51.1% of population
    total: 63.5% of population
    urban: 16.9% of population
    rural: 48.9% of population
    total: 36.5% of population (2015 est.)
    0.1% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    150,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    6,200 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    degree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
    animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
    8.6% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    31.6% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    2.8% of GDP (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 57.9%
    male: 69.5%
    female: 45.8% (2015 est.)
    total: 8 years
    male: 9 years
    female: 7 years (2015)
    total: 6.6% ILO data cited at World Bank, accessed 7/25/18
    male: 5.7%
    female: 9.4% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
  • Source: CIA – The World Factbook


Pakistan and terrorism

Pakistan and Terrorism : Pakistan is The most severe victim of terrorism because of the traps and conspiracies of international powers yet mostly blamed by others the supporter of terrorism.

This page of info is about the most virulent and hazardous form of actions terrorism in Pakistan. This page enlist the different terrorism activities in Pakistan. The support of Pakistani government to the US and ally forces in combating and curbing the terrorist activities from Pakistan and the whole world. but its a fact that Pakistan itself is target of internal and external terrorism. These terrorist do bomb blasts, suicide attacks, car blasts and other actions to spread violence and terrorism in Pakistan creating fear amongst the people of Pakistan, sense of insecurity amongst the foreign investors and breach in relationships with the friend countries of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan is trying to eliminate the terrorism from its very roots that are very deep. Through this page we request all Pakistanis to help the government of Pakistan in eliminating the terrorism from Pakistan. All Pakistanis should join hand and cooperate with government in wiping off terrorism from Pakistan.

Root Causes of terrorism In Pakistan : Not only Pakistan but the whole world is facing the problems of prevailing terrorist activities in one or some other form. These activities and attacks are prevailing like the cancer in the whole world that may be the most developed nations or the third world countries. In Pakistan Some attribute the terrorism and these terrorist activities to the political instability, economic conditions, standard of lives of the masses. yet others attribute it to the religious extremism of portion of the masses of Pakistan. There is another school of thought that say that the injustices done by World super powers towards the third world countries and Muslim countries have led the world to this situation and yet there is one another school of thought that attribute the current terrorism activities and the blast and suicide attacks everywhere in the world as the game of political gains among the super powers of the world. and some others termed this chaos as clash of civilization between west and Islam. What may be the reason We have to unite to eliminate this cancer from our Beloved country Pakistan and to make it a model of Peace and prosperity for the nations of the World. For latest information’s and news about these terrorist attacks anywhere in Pakistan and the whole world see the updates at

Pakistan Air Services

Pakistan’s national carrier, PIA serves 38 domestic airports with scheduled connections, including multiple daily flights between major cities of Karachi, Quetta, Multan, Lahore, Islamabad and Peshawar. Two private airlines, Aero Asia and Bhoja Air, also serve Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad and Islamabad.

PIA SERVICESPIA has daily flights linking the northern tourist regions of Gilgit, Skardu and Saidu Sharif with Islamabad and Chitral with Peshawar. There is a weekly Air Safari over the northern mountains, leaving every Saturday from Islamabad. All flights to the northern regions are subject to good weather.

Brief History of Nuclear Program Pakistan

Pakistan’s Nuclear Explosion – Takbeer Day – May 28, 1998

Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan (Dr. A. Q. Khan)Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program was established in 1972 by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who founded the program while he was Minister for Fuel, Power and Natural Resources, and later became President and Prime Minister. Shortly after the loss of East Pakistan in the 1971 war with India, Bhutto initiated the program with a meeting of physicists and engineers at Multan in January 1972.

India’s 1974 testing of a nuclear “device” gave Pakistan’s nuclear program new momentum. Through the late 1970s, Pakistan’s program acquired sensitive uranium enrichment technology and expertise. The 1975 arrival of Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan considerably advanced these efforts. Dr. Khan is a German-trained metallurgist who brought with him knowledge of gas centrifuge technologies that he had acquired through his position at the classified URENCO uranium enrichment plant in the Netherlands.

Dr. Khan also reportedly brought with him uranium enrichment technologies from Europe. He was put in charge of building, equipping and operating Pakistan’s Kahuta facility, which was established in 1976. Under Khan’s direction, Pakistan employed an extensive clandestine network in order to obtain the necessary materials and technology for its developing uranium enrichment capabilities.

In 1985, Pakistan crossed the threshold of weapons-grade uranium production, and by 1986 it is thought to have produced enough fissile material for a nuclear weapon. Pakistan continued advancing its uranium enrichment program, and according to Pakistani sources, the nation acquired the ability to carry out a nuclear explosion in 1987.


Pakistan’s nuclear program is based primarily on highly enriched uranium (HEU), which is produced at the A. Q. Khan research laboratory at Kahuta, a gas centrifuge uranium enrichment facility. The Kahuta facility has been in operation since the early 1980s. By the early 1990s, Kahuta had an estimated 3,000 centrifuges in operation, and Pakistan continued its pursuit of expanded uranium enrichment capabilities

Nuclear Tests

Chaghi Hills Baluchistan - Location of Pakkistan's Nuclear Tests on May 28, 1998On May 28, 1998 Pakistan announced that it had successfully conducted five nuclear tests. The Pakistani Atomic Energy Commission reported that the five nuclear tests conducted on May 28 generated a seismic signal of 5.0 on the Richter scale, with a total yield of up to 40 KT (equivalent TNT). Dr. A.Q. Khan claimed that one device was a boosted fission device and that the other four were sub-kiloton nuclear devices.

On May 30, 1998 Pakistan tested one more nuclear warhead with a reported yield of 12 kilotons. The tests were conducted at Balochistan, bringing the total number of claimed tests to six. It has also been claimed by Pakistani sources that at least one additional device, initially planned for detonation on 30 May 1998, remained emplaced underground ready for detonation.

The decision of nuclear tests was made by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, amid high pressure from the world. These tests came slightly more than two weeks after India carried out five nuclear tests of its own on May 11 and 13 and after many warnings by Pakistani officials that they would respond to India.

Museums and Galleries in Pakistan


S. No.

Name of Museum


Balochistan: 1

Quetta Museum, Quetta

NWFP: 2 Peshawar Museum, 1947
3 University Museum-Peshawar, 1995
4 Chakdara Museum, 1960
5 Archaeological Museum, Saidu Sharif, Swat. 1963
Punjab: 6 Archaeological Museum Taxila, Distt. Rawalpindi 1990
7 Armoury Museum, old Fort, Lahore 1928
8 Mughal and Sikh Galleries in Lahore-Fort. 1928
9 Archaeological Museum, Harappa, Distt: Sahiwal (Reorganized) 1965
10 Allama Iqbal Museum, Javed Manzil, Lahore. 1967
11 Museum-cum-Library at Iqbal Manzil, Sialkot. 1977
12 Bahawalpur Museum, Bahawalpur 1977
13 Faqirkhana Museum, Lahore, (Private)
14 Chughatai Museum, Lahore, (Private)
15 Shakir Ali Museum, Lahore, (Private)
16 Arts & Craft Museum Lahore, (Punjab govt.)
17 Science Museum-Lahore,
18 Lokvirsa Museum- Islamabad

Natural History Museum- Islamabad

Sindh: 20 National Museum of Pakistan of Pakistan, Karachi 1990
21 Museum at Quaid-I-Azam Birth Place Karachi (Flag Staff House Museum) 1950
22 Archaeological Museum, Moenjodaro Distt. Larkana (Reorganized) 1953
23 Archaeological Museum, Banbhore, Distt. Thatta. 1967
24 Archaeological Museum, Omerkot, Distt: Tharparkar 1967
25 Archaeological Museum, Hyderabad Fort, Hyderabad. 1968
26 Moenjodaro Museum-Moenjodaro.

University Museum-Hyderabad



Arts Council Gallery, Ali Imam Gallery, Koonj Gallery-

Al-Hamra Art Gallery, Lahore Art Gallery, Croweater Gallery-

National Art Gallery, Nomad Art Gallery- Rohtas Art Gallery –

Pakistan City Multan

Introduction and Location

Multan is famous for traditional and religious fairs and festivals. There were lot of Islamic Saints whose shrines are the assets of Muslims. Multan is well-known as ‘City of Saints and Shrines’.

Multan Division lies between north latitude 29′-22′ and 30′-45 and east longitude 71′-4′ and 72′-4’55. It is located in a bend created by five confluent rivers. The Sutlej separates it from Bahawalpur District and the Chenab from Muzaffar Garh district.

Area and Population

District Multan is spread over an area of 3,721 square Kilometers with a population of approximately 31,17,000 people, comprising of following four tehsils.

  • Multan Cantonment
  • Multan Sadar
  • Shujabad
  • Jalalpur Pirwala

Major towns are Makhdoom Rashid, Qadirpur Ran and Basti Maluk.

Baha-ud-din Zakriya Tomb, Multan
Baha-ud-din Zakriya Tomb, Multan

Quick Facts


3.1 Million
3,721 sq. km
No. of Sub-Divisions


District Multan has an extreme climate. The extreme temperature of Multan in summer is 49ºC whereas 1ºC in winter. The average rainfall is 127 mm. The land of the district is plain and very fertile. However, the portions of tehsils Multan and Shujabad close to the river Chenab are flooded during monsoons season.


An area of 1900 acres is under forest in the district. There is also linear plantation of 810 Km alongside the roads/rails/canals in the district. Trees grown in the area are Kikar, Shisham and Mulbury, etc. Wheat, Cotton and Sugarcane are the main crops grown in the district. Main fruits grown are Mangoes, Citrus, Guavas and Pomegranate. Potatoes, Onion and Cauliflower are the main vegetables grown in the district.

The Multan Fort

The Multan Fort was built on a detached, rather, high mound of earth separated from the city by the bed of an old branch of the river Ravi. There is no Fort now as it was destroyed by the British Garrison which was stationed there for a long time but the entire site is known as the Fort. Nobody knows when Multan Fort came into being but it was there and it was admired and desired by kings and emperors throughout centuries’.

Multan Bab-ul-Qasim

Multan Bab-ul-Qasim

City of Shrines

Shrines of:

Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya


Multan also boasts of having some of the oldest mosques which were once considered as the jewels of the city. These mosques now remind us the glorious past of Multan as it was governed by Muslims for more than a thousand years.

The first mosque ever built in Multan was the Jamia Mosque which was constructed on the orders of Mohammad-bin-Qasim the famous general who conquered Multan in 712 AD Ruins of this mosque were visible till 1954 at Qasim Bella which have now been washed away by the repeated floods of the river Chenab.

Sawi mosque is supposed to be the oldest mosque which still exists though it has no roof now and most of its decorations have been damaged. Some portions of this mosque are still intact which indicate that glazed blue tiles were profusely used for ornamentation.

The second oldest mosque of Multan which is still in good shape is Mosque Ali Mohammad Khan also called as Mosque Wali Mohammad Khan. It is an excellent building, situated in the busiest Chowck Bazar of the city. It was built by Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani, in 1757 (1171 A.H.) when he was the governor of Multan in the time of Alamgir II. The mosque is provided with a reservoir for the ablutions, baths, and a large hall for prayers.


The prime attraction of the Multan is the Mausoleum of Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya (the ornament of the Faith) generally known as Bahawal Haq and Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fath, commonly known by the title of Rukn-i-Alam (pillar of the World). The lofty domes of these Mausoleums are visible, from miles and dominate the skyline of Multan. The Mausoleum of Rukn-i-Alam is the glory of Multan.

Another popular shrine is the Mausoleum of Shams-ud-Din, commonly known as Shah Shams Tabrez is located about half a mile to the east of the Fort Site, on the high bank of the old bed of the river Ravi.

Education and Industry

Multan is famous for its Bahauddin Zikria University, which is the famous for its educational establishments and rankings. Other educational institutes are Al-Khair University, Preston University and Nishtar Medical College.

In district Multan a variety of industrial units are operating including cotton/woollen textile, fruit juice/beverage, fertilizer and chemical, glass, pharmaceutical, vegetable ghee, tannery units and various types of engineering goods industries, etc. Multan Dry Port handles imports and exports of various items. The export items are textile products, grey cloth, cotton yarn, leather goods, raw cotton and rice, etc. The import items are Auto spare parts, PVC, chemicals, cotton


Multan has connection with other cities by bus and coach. The district has metalled road-length of 983.69 Kilometres. The district is linked with Khanewal, Lodhran and Muzaffargarh districts through metalled roads.

Multan is connected by rail with all parts of the country and lies on the main track between Karachi, Peshawar, Lahore and Quetta. The main Peshawar-Karachi railway line passes through Multan district. The district is linked with Khanewal, Lodhran and Muzafargarh districts through railway network.

Pakistani Patriotic Songs

Pakistani Milli Naghmey

NoteYou need the free Real Player program for listening to these songs. If you don’t already have Real Player, you can download it (for free) from

1: Niya Pakistan   –Download

 2: Jevey Jevey Pakistan – Download

 3- Main Bhe Pakistan Hon – Download

 4- I love u pakistan –Download

 5-Mera Pegham Pakistan (music) –Download

 6- Mera Des Mera Mahiya –Download

 7-aey_waten_pyarey_ Waten –Download

 8-Aey_Waten_Ke_Sajeeley- (Music) –Download

 9-Pakistan_ka_matlab_kya –Download

 10-waten_ki_mity (Music) Download

 11-Dil dil Pakistan (Music) Download

 12-Ye_des_hamara_hae – Download

 13-Serzammen_e_pakistan – Download

 14-Aey_rahe_haq_ke_Shaheedo –  Download

 15-Aey_waten_ke (voice) – Download

 16-apni_jan_nazer_karoon – Download

 17-pak_foj_too_zindabad –download

 18-aey_waten_hum_han – Download

 19-jang_khaidh_naeen_hondi_zananian_de – Download

 20-mere_dhol_sipahiya – Download

 21-rang_laey_ga_shahidon_ka_lahoo – Download

 22-aey_puter_hataan_te_nahin_vikdey – Download

 23-aey_merdey_mujahid_jag – Download

 24-jazba_janoon – Download

 25-hum_han_pakistani – Download

26-aey_jawan_aey_jawan – Download

 27-qasam_us_waqt_ki – Download

 28-hum_dekhaen_gey – Download

 29-is_percham_ke_saaye_talay – Download

 30-joog_joog_jiay_mera_piyara_waten – Download

 31-ya_rab_dilay_muslim – Download

 32-allah_ka_inaam – Download

 33-Maola -(JUNAID JAMSHAID) – Download

 34-haathon_maen_haath – Download

 35-Sohni_dherti_allah_rakhey- Download

 36-Maan_ki_dua – Download

 37-itny_badhey_jeewan_saager (Music) – Download

 38-soorag_karey_salam – Download

 39-hae_apney_waten_se_peyar_hamian – Download

 40-tu_hi_dildar_hae – Download

 41-munda_pakistani – Download

 42-goonja_hae_sara_jahaan – Download

 43-dya_jalaey_rakhna – Download

 44-khayal_rakhna – Download

 45-haath_mein_mere_hath – Download

 46-zameen_ki_goad_rang_se – Download

 47-teri_wadi_wadi_goomoon – Download

 48-chalo_chalen_papa_ham_apney_pakistan  – Download

 49-Made in Pakistan – Download

 50-main shair sohney  – Download

Mega Projects of Pakistan

Indus Basin Water Treaty 1960
At the time of partition of India and Pakistan, there arose a dispute on the use of water resources since all rivers flowing in to Pakistan originated from India. The accord signed in 1960 at Karachi, Pakistan gave water of Indus, Jhelum and Chenab to Pakistan, whereas Ravi and Beas (Sutlej in Pakistan) were to be used by India. The treaty was signed by Pakistani president Ayub Khan and Indian prime minister Nehru. Consequent to this agreed upon distribution, decision was taken to build to big water storages on the Indus (Tarbela Dam) and Jhelum (Mangla Dam) rivers. Thereafter, many small dams have also been added. In 90s, Ghazi Barotha project came up  without constructing a water reservoir for generating electricity.

Highways and Motorways
Pakistan inherited a poor infrastructure of road network throughout the country. With the passage of time, the road network has been considerable been improved. The construction of first mega project in this sector was the Super Highway connecting Karachi and Hyderabad in the province of Sind. Much later, the marvel of road construction saw coming up of the Karakoram Highway (KKH) connecting Pakistan to China over some of the rugged mountains of the world along the gushing and roaring river Indus. Then came the era of Motorways in the 90s with the construction of M-2, connecting Lahore and Islamabad. This chain is now been extended to many other destinations and is still expanding. The recent addition is the Coastal Highway, connecting Karachi to the newly developed port of Gwadar along the Makran coast skirting the Arabian Sea.

Sea Ports
Since 1947, Pakistan has had only one sea port at Karachi, which has been under tremendous pressure to bear the burden of all export and import related activities. Karachi. Although Pakistan has a long stretch of coastline along the Arabian Sea from the Sir Creek in the east to Gwader in the west, no worthwhile effort had been put to increase the outlets to the sea. Port Bin Qasim, some 35 kilometres west of Karachi was the second outlet added mainly to import raw material for the only Steel Mills of the country. Later Pakistan Navy constructed and developed a new base for itself at Ormara. Now work is underway to develop a deep sea port at Gwader, just at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, which would go a long way in reducing shipping costs for all imports, specially crude oil from the Gulf states as well as providing a short cut to warm waters to CARs, Afghanistan and China in the north.

Future Requirement of Water and Construction of Big Dams
Presently, out of a total of 77 million acres of cultivable land in Pakistan, only only 44 million acres is under cultivation due to sacristy of water, which is to the magnitude of 9 MAF. Due to silting of Mangla and Tarbela Dams, water capacity is reducing @ 3.6 MAF and if this trend continues, there will be a shortfall of 25 MAF of water by 2020. Although the present government has undertaken a gigantic task of brick lining the small water courses from canals to farms, this would be able to save only 5 MAF of water, leaving a net shortfall of 15-20 MAF of water. Unless, 3-5 major dams are built by 2016, Pakistan will have left with no water to irrigate its lands. Therefore the cabinet has recently decided to build five major dams on the Indus and other rivers to save excess water running down the Indus into Arabian Sea.

The proposed dams on the Indus include Skardu, Bhasha, Akhori and Kalabagh dams. Out of these Kalabagh Dam has been much controversial, specially by the NWFP and Sind provinces.  Therefore , for the time being the government has decided to go ahead with the construction of Bhasha and Munda Dams, both located in the NWFP.

Comparison – Skardu, Bhasha, Akhori and Kalabagh Dams
All mega dams planned on River Indus are equally important – however, Skardu Dam being far up in the north may prove to be expensive since the transmission losses from extended power lines will be more besides submerging of Skardu city.
Bhasha Dam will have a live storage capacity of 7.30 MAF and installed power generation capacity of 4500 megawatts. It will store only 50 MAF glacial water from the northern mountains. Estimated cost $ 6.5 billion.
Kalabagh Dam is planned to be constructed below Akhori (Talagang) with a live storage capacity of 6.1 MAF and installed capacity of maximum 3,600 megawatts at an estimated cost of 6.1 billion $. Unlike Bhasha, it will also have 90 MAF water inlet from Soan, Kabul, Chitral and Haro rivers and thus will be able to store the monsoon water from these additional rivers.

Akhori Dam near Talagang will be able to store 6 MAF while water available will be 14 MAF with an installed capacity of 600 megawatts

Skardu Dam is presently under study and hence most of the data is only approximate. The water available will be 27 MAF.
Munda Dam is a prelude to the construction of Kalabagh Dam, basically designed to save Nowshera from flooding and to alleviate any misgivings the people of NWFP may have on the construction of Kalabagh Dam, which must be built to store all downstream rain/monsoon water which gets wasted away due to non availability of any water storage reservoir downstream Kalabagh.

Water Disputes with India
Since the Indus Basin Treaty, India has been violating it in one way or the other. The Baglihar Dam being the latest incursion on the water being made available to Pakistan from the Chenab river. As per the Treaty, India is not allowed to build storage or diversion of the river water. However, under the garb of only installing hdro-electricity generation capability, India has planned construction in such a way that the site can store the river water and can thus be controlled to her advantage. Presently, the World Bank is monitoring the issue and no decision has yet been taken.

Medical Colleges in Pakistan


College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, Karachi [official]
Dow Medical College, Karachi [official]
Karachi Medical and Dental College, Karachi
Jinnah Medical & Dental College, Karachi [official]
Sind Medical College, Karachi
Chandka Medical College, Larkana
Peoples Medical College, Nawabshah


Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore
Fatima Jinnah Medical College, Lahore [official]
King Edward Medical College, Lahore [official]
De’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore
Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur [official]
Nishtar Medical College, Multan
Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad [official]
Army Medical College, Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi [official]
Foundation Medical College, Rawalpindi [official]


Khyber Medical College, Peshawar [official]
Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad [official]
Frontier Medical College, Abbottabad [official]


Margalla Medical College, Islamabad [official]
Margalla Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad [official]
Margalla Medical College of Dentistry, Islamabad [official]
Islamic International Medical College, Hummak-Islamabad [official]
Women Medical College, Abbottabad [official}

Urban Centers/Maps of Pakistan

City Guide & Maps

Urban Centers/Cities of Pakistan


Maps of Pakistan

Rahim Yar Khan]
Silk Route & Northern Pakistan]
Hunza & Nagar]

Explore Pakistan see the unseen  

Detailed City Maps
With Housing Societies, Schemes, Towns or Sectors



Satellite Views of Pakistan

Maps of PAKISTAN By Other Websites:


The following maps were produced by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency , unless otherwise indicated.

Pakistan Maps

Detailed Maps


City Maps

  • Karachi U.S. Department of State 1983 (91K)
  • Lahore U.S. Department of State 1983 (115K)
  • Peshawar U.S. Department of State 1983 (104K)


Thematic Maps

  • Pakistan (Major Ethnic Groups) 1980 (170K)


Historical Maps

  • Lahore (City Plan) From A Literary and Historical Atlas of Asia by J.G. Bartholomew. J.M. Dent and Sons, Ltd. 1912 (188K)
  • Lahore and Vicinity (City Plan) original scale 1:50,000. From Sheet NH 43-2, Series U502, U.S. Army Map Service, 1963 (333K)
  • Lahore (including Amritsar, India) (Topographic Map) original scale 1:250,000. Portion of Sheet NH43-2, Series U502, U.S. Army Map Service, 1963 (947 K)
  • Multan (City Plan) original scale 1:20,000. Portion of Sheet NH 42-8, Series U502, U.S. Army Map Service, 1959 (378K)
  • Multan (Topographic Map) original scale 1:250,000. Portion of Sheet NH 42-8, Series U502, U.S. Army Map Service, 1959 (741 K)
  • Quetta (Topographic Map) original scale 1:250,000. From Sheet NH 42-5, Series U502, U.S. Army Map Service, 1959 (445K)
  • Rawalpindi (Topographic Map) original scale 1:250,000. Portion of Sheet NI 43-9 , Series U502, U.S. Army Map Service, 1959 (1.2MB)

List of Pakistanis

Pakistan is the sixth most populous nation in the world. Below is a list of such people who belong or relate in some way to this nation.

Heads of State or Government

  • Muhammed Ali Jinnah
  • Ghulam Mohammed
  • Liaqat Ali Khan
  • Sir Feroz Khan Noon
  • Chaudhury Mohammad Ali
  • Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
  • Gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
  • Muhammad Khan Junejo
  • Benazir Bhutto
  • Zafarullah Khan Jamali
  • Ghulam Ishaq Khan
  • Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi
  • Iskander Mirza
  • Moeen Qureshi
  • Balakh Sher Mazari
  • Khawaja Nazimuddin
  • Nawaz Sharif
  • Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy
  • Shaukat Aziz
  • Muhammad Rafeeq Tarrar


Martial Law Administrators

  • Ayub Khan (1958–1969)
  • Yahya Khan (1969 – 1971)
  • Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (1977 – 1988)
  • Pervez Musharraf (1999 – Incumbent)


Other Major (Historical) Political Figures

  • Allama Muhammad Iqbal
  • Fatima Jinnah
  • Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
  • Maulana Mohammad Ali
  • Choudhary Rahmat Ali
  • Bahadur Yar Jung
  • G. M. Syed
  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
  • Khawaja Nazimuddin
  • Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar
  • Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy


Famous Politicians

  • Allama Mashriqi
  • Mian Tufail Mohammad
  • Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq
  • malik amjad ali noon


Other Political/Religious Figures

  • Qudrat Ullah Shahab
  • Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
  • Muhammad Taqi Usmani
  • Muhammad Rafi Usmani
  • Dr Humayun Abbas Shams
  • Maulana Tariq Azam Shaheed
  • Maulana Mufti Shamzai Shaheed
  • Maulana Hazrat Yousuf Ludhiyanvi Shaheed
  • Syed Ali Nawaz Shah Rizvi
  • Allama Hassan Turabi Shaheed
  • Maulana Tariq Jamil
  • Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi
  • Allama Ehsan Ellahi Zaheer
  • Altaf Shakoor
  • Amir Abdullah Khan Rokhri
  • Muhammad Ilyas Qadri
  • Allama Talib Jauhri
  • Abdul Hakeem
  • Mujtahid Maulana Hashmat Ali Shah
  • Allama Rasheed Turabi
  • Altaf Hussain
  • Aslam Khattak
  • Khan Abdul Wali Khan
  • Fazlur Rehman
  • Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi
  • Asfandyar Wali Khan
  • Ajmal Khattak
  • Sherbaz Mazari
  • Sardar Attaullah Mengal
  • Shabbir Ahmad Rao
  • Rais Hakim Ali Zardari
  • Sheikh Amin
  • Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan
  • Mian Umar Hayat
  • Khurshid Ahmed Kasuri
  • Maulana Shah Ahmed Norani
  • Maulana Samiul Haq
  • Maulana Kausar Niazi
  • Mufti Mahmood
  • Nawab Khalid Khakwani
  • Nawabzada Musa Khakwani
  • Qazi Hussain Ahmed
  • Sardar Amir Azam
  • Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan Abbasi
  • Gohar Ayub Khan
  • Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
  • Benazir Bhutto
  • Asif Ali Zardari
  • Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi
  • Dr. Israr Ahmed
  • Sheikh Kashif Ibn Khalid
  • Dr. Aamir Liaquat Hussain
  • Dr. Safdar Sarki
  • Dr. Ghulam Murtaza
  • Ishaq Khan Khakwani
  • Khurshid Shah
  • Nasim Ur Rehman
  • Qaim Ali Shah
  • Chiragh Ali Hakeem
  • Allama Naseem Abbas Rizvi
  • Allama Agha Zameer-ul-Hassan Najafi
  • Syed Ahmad Anwar Shah
  • Murtaza Bhutto
  • Mir Shahnawaz Bhutto
  • Syed Baryab Hussain Naqvi
  • Allama Abbas kumaili
  • Allama Arif Husain al Husiani
  • Dr.Mohammad Ali Naqvi
  • Shaheed Agha Zia-ud-Din Rizvi
  • Joseph Cordeiro
  • Malik Anwer Ali Noon
  • Khalid Q Awan
  • Arshad Nawaz Malik


Famous Social Scientists

  • Dr.Syed Ali Wasif, President, Society For International Reforms And Research, Washington DC, USA
  • Dr. Feroze Khowaja
  • Dr. Akhtar Hameed Khan
  • Dr. Mehboob-ul-Haq
  • Dr. Hafiz Ahmed Pasha
  • Dr. Zeba Ayesha Sathar


Human Rights Activists and Philanthropists

  • Dr.Syed Ali Wasif, Secretary General, Human Rights Group of Pakstan, Karachi.
  • Abdul Sattar Edhi
  • Altaf Shakoor
  • Ruth Pfau
  • Ansar Burney
  • Hakim Mohammed Said
  • Afrasiab Khattak
  • Iqbal Haider
  • Justice Dorab Patel
  • I. A. Rahman
  • Hizbullah Kehar
  • Hussain Naqi
  • Aziz Siddiqui
  • Ahsan M. Saleem
  • Zia Awan Advocate
  • Qari Nishan Ali Abbasi
  • Malik Arshad Nawaz
  • Waqas Ahmed


Scholars and Scientists

  • Prof. Dr. Farid A. Khwaja, Physics, Education, Director General, National Institute of Electronics and National Physical Standards Labs. Former Direct General of NISTE.
  • Dr.Syed Ali Wasif, Professor, International Law / Politics
  • Dr. Shahzad Shams Neurosurgeon of Pakistan
  • Professor Ata-ur-Rehman Also Minister of Science & Technology
  • Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan Founder of Pakistan’s nuclear programme
  • Professor Salimuzzaman Siddiqui
  • Professor Dr Abdus Salam Nobel Laureate in Physics 1979
  • Dr Naveed Iqbal Physicst and Nuclear Engineer, Research scholar in Condensed Matter Physics, at Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
  • Dr. Malik Nazir Ahmed, Chair, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Institute of Avionics & Aeronautical Engineering, Air University Islamabad
  • Dr. Aamir Zafar Khan Hepatopancreatobiliary and Laparoscopic Surgeon
  • Dr. Abdullah Quddus Pioneer cardiologist surgeon.
  • Professor Dr Asif Hasan Qureshi, Law School,University of Manchester,UK
  • Dr. Prof. Abdul Qadeer Rajput Vice Chancellor, Mehran University of Engg. & Tech. Jamshoro.
  • Dr. Abdul Razzaq Kemal, former Director of PIDE
  • Mr. Munir Ahmad Khan, nuclear engineer, Chairman Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)1972-1991, Chairman Board of Governors IAEA, 1986-87.
  • Professor Ahmad Hasan Dani
  • Professor Akbar S. Ahmed holds Ibn Khaldun seat at American university
  • Dr Anjum P. Saleemi, Linguist and Cognitive Scientist
  • Dr. Arshad Saleem Bhatti, Expert in Semiconductor Physics, Chairman, Phyics Department CIIT, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Dr. Arif Zaman, Computer Scientist, Head of Computer Science Faculty at Lahore University of Management Sciences.
  • Professor Ayesha JalalScholar and Educationist and Religious and Spiritual leader, Hyderabad, Pakistan.
  • Dr. afa Rahu, Commisioner of Income Tax, Karachi, Pakistan. Medical Doctor, PHD, Pediatricion
  • Dr. Hafeez A. Pasha
  • Dr. Javaid Laghari
  • Dr. Khalida Ghous M.D., SPDC.
  • Dr. Talat A. Wizarat
  • Prof. Syed Sikander Mehdi
  • Dr. Moonis Ahmar
  • Dr. Rafat Karim, Shakespearean Research Scholar & Educationist, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Dr. Javed Hussain, Anthropologist, Head of Department of Social Sciences, IBA, Karachi
  • Javed Ahmed Ghamidi – author of Mizan and director of Al-Mawrid Institute of Islamic Sciences
  • Dr. Kaiser Bengali,
  • Dr. Mahbub ul Haq
  • Dr. Mahnaz Fatima
  • Dr. Pervez Hoodbhoy,
  • Dr. Syed Hassan Raza Gilani
  • Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, Nuclear Scientist, Chairman,National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM)
  • Dr. Shahid Hussain Bokhari [Fellow IEEE and ACM]
  • Dr. Umar Saif Computer Scientist working on Developing World Technologies
  • Yousuf Siddiki, holder of the Guinness World Records for youngest CPA, noted for work in Islamic Banking
  • Zahid Jan, listed in major Who’s Who directories, from Peshawar., born on December 22, 1978.
  • Gordhan Das Valasai, conducting research on “The Least Cost Power Generation Options for Pakistan”, at Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro.
  • Kashif Idrees, Computer Professional working establishing unified Project Management Unit in Pakistan
  • Tahir Yaqub,Master in Mechatronic Engineering, Researcher and PhD Scholar in an Australian University.
  • Dr. Khalid Iqbal, Professor and Chairman Department of Neurochemistry,

New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, New York

  • Arshad nawaz Malik Arshad Nawaz .A famous prominent political personality of Pakistan People’s Party Khushab and Bhalwal of Ali Pur Noon Sargodha and famous ex-police officer of[ [Federal Investigation Agency] of Pakistan] FIA.


Arts, Literature & Mass Media persons

  • Naseem Amrohvi (Author, Scholar, Poet, Lexicographer, liguist, Author of pakistan’s first official urdu dictionary)
  • Shah Sharahbeel
  • Dr. Anwar Ahmad
  • [[Professor,Dr Tariq Salahuddin(One of the top Neuro Surgens of the world)


Writers & Poets

A useful place to see a list that overlaps with this one is List of Urdu poets.
  • A. S. Bokhari
  • A. Waliuddin
  • Abdul Ghani Khan
  • Adrian A. Husain
  • Ajmal Khattak
  • Alamgir Hashmi
  • Alauddin Masood
  • Altaf Fatima
  • Amar Jaleel
  • Anwar Masood
  • Anwar Maqsood
  • Ahmad Faraz
  • Ahmed Ali
  • Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi
  • Muhammad Ahsan Butt
  • Anis Nagi
  • Ayaz Alam Abro
  • Asif Farrukhi
  • Ata Ul Haq Qasmi
  • Attaullah Khan (Punjabi poet)
  • Bano Qudsia
  • Bapsi Sidhwa
  • Darya Khan Rind
  • Daud Kamal
  • Ejaz Rahim
  • Faiz Ahmed Faiz
  • Farida Faizullah
  • Fatima Bhutto
  • Fazil Jamili
  • Fazlur Rahman
  • G Allana
  • Khan Ghufran khan
  • Khawaja Reazuddin Atash
  • Khawar Chaudhry
  • Gulzar Bano
  • Habib R. Sulemani
  • Habib Rahman Baig
  • Hakim Said
  • Hasan Askari Sahar Abidi
  • Iftikhar Arif
  • Ihsan Danish
  • Ilona Yusuf
  • Imtiaz Ali Taj
  • Ishfaq Ahmad
  • Ishtiaq Baig
  • Jamal Abro
  • Javid Iqbal
  • Jon Elia
  • Kamila Shamsie
  • Masood Amjad Ali
  • Mirza Hasan Askari
  • Moeen Faruqi
  • Mona Hassan
  • M. Athar Tahir
  • Mohammad Iqbal
  • Muhammad Akram Khan
  • Muhammad Iqbal Naz
  • Muhammad Izhar ul Haq
  • Muhammad Munawwar Mirza
  • Mehmood ul Hasan Kokab
  • Dr Syed Muhammed Saeed Shah
  • Dr Syed Mehboob
  • Muneeza Shamsie
  • Mumtaz Mufti
  • Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi

Mushfiq Khwaja (Author, poet and scholar)

  • Naseer Ahmad Nasir
  • Naseem Amrohvi (Author, Scholar, Poet, Lexicographer, liguist, Author of pakistan’s first official urdu dictionary)
  • Nasim Yousaf
  • Nasir al-Din Nasir Hunzai
  • Noon Meem Rashid
  • Nuzhat Siddiqui
  • Obaidullah Aleem
  • Pareshan Khattak
  • Parveen Shakir
  • Ustad Qamar Jalalvi
  • Syed Qudrat Naqvi
  • Qudrat Ullah Shahab
  • Rais Amrohvi
  • Raja Tridev Roy
  • Saeed Rashid
  • Saadat Hasan Manto
  • Saadat Saeed
  • Sake Dean Mahomet
  • Syeda Sana Sajid Naqvi
  • Shahbano Bilgrami
  • Shaikh Ayaz
  • Shaukat Siddiqui
  • Sheryar Singha
  • Sobho Gianchandani
  • Soofia Ishaque
  • Suheyl Umar
  • Syed Kashif Raza
  • Tariq Alam Abro
  • Tariq Ali
  • Dr Tassaduq Hussain Raja
  • Taufiq Rafat
  • Dr Wazir Agha
  • Yousaf Saleem Chishti
  • Wasif Ali Wasif
  • Zahid Ahmed (Artist, writer, National College of Arts)
  • Zahid Dara Abro
  • Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah
  • Zamir Jafri
  • Artists & Painters

    • Ayaz Alam Abro
    • Abdul Rehman Chughtai
    • Ajaz Anwar
    • Amin Gul Jee
    • Anna Molka Ahmed
    • Dara Abro
    • Hajra Mansur
    • Iqbal Mehdi
    • Ismail Gul Jee
    • Lubna Agha
    • Mansur Rahi
    • Mala Iqbal
    • Moeen Faruqi
    • Mohammad Ali
    • Munawar Abro
    • Nadia Janjua
    • Rabia Zuberi
    • Sadequain Amrohvi
    • Shakir Ali
    • Shahid Mahmood (editorial cartoonist)
    • Sheraz Sherry
    • Template:Suhail Ahmad
    • Uzma Kazmi
    • Zafar Kazmi
    • Zahid Dara Abro
    • Zahid Ahmed (Artist, writer, National College of Arts)
    • Zubeida Agha
    • Dr. Syed Ali Wasif
    • Kafeel Bhai



    • Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistan Television
    • Aslam Malik, Newpaper Ataleeq
    • [Shakir Husain], columnist at the news, spider, aurora, chowk
    • Syed Atiq ul Hassan, homepage
    • M. Haroon Abbas Qamar , Al Qamar Online
    • Tahir Ikram, CNBC Pakistan
    • Qamar Moheuddin, Pakistan Television , Islamabad
    • Nadeem Malik, CNBC Pakistan, Islamabad
    • Mujahid Barelvi
    • Mushtaq Minhas President Rawalpindi Islamabad Press Club
    • Javed Malik
    • Adil Najam
    • Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah
    • Hamid Mir
    • Mubashir Zaidi
    • Salman Hassan
    • Ardeshir Cowasjee
    • Mirza Hassan Askari
    • Eqbal Ahmad
    • Mishal Hussain
    • Rahimullah Yousufzai
    • Ashar Qureshi
    • Mazhar Ali Khan
    • Lady Nadira
    • Zamir Niazi
    • Fazil Jamili
    • Saleem Safi
    • Dr. Shahid Masood
    • Syed Kashif Raza
    • Hameed Nizami
    • Ahmed Rashid
    • Najam Sethi
    • Imran Aslam
    • Nadeem F. Paracha
    • Iqbal Jafri
    • Hasan Jafri
    • Kamal Siddiqi
    • Idrees Bakhtiar
    • Sherry Rahman
    • Maliha Lodhi
    • Rehana Hakim
    • Fauzia Shaheen
    • Khaled Ahmed
    • Nisar Abbas
    • Tahir Mirza
    • M Ziaudin
    • Farman Ali
    • Rafique Jalal
    • Mehmood Sham
    • Raja Hussain Khan Maqpoon
    • Khalid Hasan
    • Habib R. Sulemani
    • Nawaz Raza
    • C. R. Shamsi
    • Pervaz Shaokat
    • Hanif Khalid
    • iftikhar kazmi Editor,director news
    • Bedar Bakht Butt
    • D. Shaw Khan
    • Irfan Husain
    • Fahd Husain
    • Syed Saud Zafar
    • Gul Hameed Bhatti
    • Razia Bhatti
    • Malik Siraj Akbar
    • Siddiq Baluch
    • Nargis Baluch
    • Abdul Qayyum Safi
    • Azra Rashid Producer, CNBC Pakistan
    • Hina Malik Talk Show Host, CNBC Pakistan
    • Zarar Khan
    • Mahtab Aziz Freelance journalist
    • Shahnawaz Farooqui
    • Phyza Jameel
    • Faizan Lakhani
    • Shahrukh Hasan (Group Managing Editor, Jang Group, The News International)
    • Mudasser Aziz Reporter, AAJ TV,Karachi, Pakistan
    • Amjad Aziz Reporter / Producer, AAJ TV, Karachi, Pakistan
    • Jalil Ud Din
    • Syed kalbe Ali
    • Surendar Valasai First English Media Journalist from Dalit communities of Pakista
    • Mujahid Hussain Investigative journalist
    • Rana Faheem Aslam
    • Kashif Munir
    • [Fauzia Shaheen]Editor monthly newsmagazine
    • Mazhar Iqbal
    • Hanan Ali Abbasi
    • Qazi Abdul Majeed Abid (Founder of The Daily Ibrat Group of Newspapers, Sindh, Pakistan)
    • Qazi Asad Abid (Editor in Chief, The Daily Ibrat Group of Newspapers, Sindh, Pakistan) (Only person to be elected 8 times as the Secretary- General of the All Pakistan Newspaper Society, APNS)
    • Muhammad Aslam Kazi (founder of Daily Kawish, Sindhi newspaper aswell as KTN and Kashish, Sindhi tv channels)
  • Military personalities

    • Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Nishan-E-Haider
    • Major Tufail Muhammad Shaheed (1914–August 7, 1958) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Captain Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed (1910–July 27, 1948) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed (1938–1971) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas Shaheed (1951–August 20, 1971) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Major Shabbir Sharif Shaheed (1943–December 6, 1971) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Sowar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed (1949–December 10, 1971) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz Shaheed (1944–December 17, 1971) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed (1970–July 5, 1999) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Lalak Jan Shaheed (1967–July 7, 1999) Nishan-E-Haider
    • Naik Saif Ali Janjua Shaheed, (1922–1948) Hilal-e-Kashmir equaliant Nishan-E-Haider
    • Lieutenant General Javed Nasir, Directorate ISI (1991-1993)
    • Major General Akhtar Hussain Malik, 1965 war hero
    • General Iftikhar Janjua, 1971 hero of Runn Kutch
    • General Mirza Aslam Beg, former Chief of Army Staff (COAS), think tank head
    • General Jehangir Karamat former Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Ambassador to the United States
    • General Hakeem Arshad
    • General Pervez Musharraf, Chief of Army Staff (COAS) and former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC), President
    • General Rahimuddin Khan, famed 7-year Martial Law Governor of Balochistan and provincial hero
    • General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, late Chief of Army Staff (COAS) and President
    • General A.A.K. Niazi Tiger Niazi
    • Squadron Leader Muhammad Mehmood Alam
    • Squadron Leader Sarfraz Rafiqui
    • Brigadier Muhammad Hayat Khan Sitara-e-jurat,War hero 1948,1965 and 1971 wars


    Prominent Businessmen/Industrialists

    Groups of Companies

    • [[Salman Awan]], “Director – Insaf Fabrics”
    • [[Zaheer Mirza]], “Chairman – Engineering Consulrants International (Pvt) Ltd (ECIL)” ; “Chairman – ECIL group of Companies”; “Founding Member – Association of Consulting Engineers Pakistan”; “Member PEC Executive commettee”; “Founder of First Consulting Engineering Company in Pakistan”

    • Zaheeruddin CEO-Shahzad International Group of Companies,Oil and Gas,Gold and Minerals Mining,Geological surveys,Defence supplies,Travel and Tour Operators,Flash security services and Trading Worldwide.
    • Javed Ali Khan Managing Director Pioneer Cement Limited, Director Noon Group of Companies
    • Mr Khalid Saifullah Chief Executive, Asian Business Federation UK
    • Mr Sheryar Choudhry CEO, G-3 Advertising Inc. NYC USA
    • Muhammad Saleem Nasir Civil Eng, Contractor and Builder MSN Group
    • H.E. Tahir Schon – Schon Group, President – Dubai Lagoon, Hon. Consul General Republic of Gambia.
    • Syed Ali Raza Gilani- Real Estate, Telecoms
    • Tariq A. Hassan – Banking, BPO The Buying Triangle
    • Mian Mansoor Iqbal (Managing Director), Manufacturers and Exporters of Leather, Dada Enterprises (Pvt) Ltd
    • Mian Muhammad Naseem Shafi Leather, Chemicals and Textile Shafi Group
    • Anwar Yahya owner of BP and AB Industries
    • Humayun Javed – Stock Exchange, Steel, Coal, Mutual Fund, Media. WE Financial Services Ltd.
    • Ahmad Dawood Textile, Engineering, Chemicals Dawood Group
    • Abbas Sarfaraz Sugar, Chemicals Premier Group
    • Iqbal Ali Lakhani Tobacco, Consumer Goods, Internet, Media Lakson Group
    • Mian Mohammad Mansha Banking, Cement, Textiles Nishat Group
    • Tariq Saeed Saigol Textiles, Cement Kohinoor Group
    • Nasir Schon Schon Group
    • Nasim Saigol Manufacturing, Banking
    • Ghulam Muhammad A. Fecto Tractors, Sugar, Cement Fecto Group of Industries
    • Bashir Ali Mohammad Textiles, Energy, Banking Gul Ahmed Group
    • Syed Babar Ali Consumer Goods Packages Group
    • Ghulam Faruque Cement, Sugar, Engineering, Shipping Ghulam Faruque Group
    • Yusuf Shirazi Automobiles, Finance Atlas Group
    • Sadruddin Hashwani Hotels Hashoo Group
    • Tariq Niazi Politics, Tractors, Transport, Lands, Chip Board ‘Niazi Group’
    • Mohammad Ali Habib Banking, Automobiles House of Habib
    • Khalid Abbas Khan Niazi Tractors, Transport, Trading, Real Estate ‘Niazi Group’
    • Javed Saifullah Khan Telecom, Textile Saif Group of Companies
    • Aqeel Zaheer Lari Hydrosealers Associates (Pvt.) Ltd.
    • Dewan Yousuf Farooqui Automobiles, Sugar, Textile, Cement Dewan Group
    • Ahmed Nawaz Khan President Saif Energy Ltd
    • Jehangir Monnoo Millionaire, Textile, Sugar, Agriculture Monnoo Group
    • Mian Muhammad Latif Textile Chenab Group
    • Munawar Khan Automobile, Textile, Steel, Oil and Ghee, Agriculture Ahmed Group
    • Aamir Hayat Khan Rokhri Transport, Beverages, Land, Politics, Clubs ‘Rokhri Group’
    • Kazi Zulkader Siddiqui, MIT, Construction, Security, International Business, NGO ‘Techcorp Group’
    • Habibullah Khattak Automobile, Textile Gandhara Nissan Motors and General Tyres
    • Mir Shakil ur Rehman Media Jang Group
    • Nadeem B j Sheikh Stock Exchange , Pharmaceuticals
    • Hameed Haroon, Media, Dawn Group
    • Fazal Din Group, Millionaire, Conglomerate Fazal Din & Sons
    • Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain Textile, Sugar Chaudhry Group
    • Khurram Saleem Kobra Meditech , Laser X Medi Group
    • Sajjad Hussain Honda Rizvi Trave RIZVI
    • Awais Saeed paracha tyre dealer ( known as king kong in tyre industry ) millionaire’
    • Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Billionaire, Stock Exchange, Banking, Education KASB.
    • Nasir Ali Shah Bukhari Chairman KASB Group (KASB Bank) * Official website
    • Usman Ashraf Carpet export and manufacturing, Real estate Usman Carpet House
    • M.P. Bhandara owner of Murree Brewery
    • Khurram Z. Malik Sialkot
    • Shaikh Muhammad Farooq Magoon owner of Daikin (AAA Private Ltd)
    • Mian Rafique Saigol
    • Mohammad Khurram Minhas President & CEO Orchid Homes (Home Builders)
    • Adamjee Group Adamjee Group of Companies
    • Agha Hasan Abedi, Banker, founder of BCCI
    • Aftab Ahmed Vohra Chief Executive of VOHRA Group of Companies & MUGHAL AGENCIES
    • Chaudhary Shahnawaz Millionaire, Shahnawaz Textiles Ltd., Shahtaj Sugars, Shahtaj Textiles, Sheezan Juices and Food, Shahnawaz Fruit Farms, Shahnawaz Automobiles (Mercedes Supplier and Service Provider in Pakistan).]
    • Mr. Nasier A. Sheikh, COO, Askari Leasing
    • Mr. Ajaz Sheikh, Director of Food and Beverage, The Lanesborough, Hyde Park, London, United Kingdom
    • SAEED A MINHAS President & CEO SAM Builders ISLAMABAD & Austin TX USA
    • H.E Faisal Farooque, CEO – Universal biometric, UB Group of Companies

Pakistan city Lahore


The city of Lahore is the capital of the Punjab. It occupies a central position, and is generally called ‘The Heart of Pakistan‘. Lahore is situated on the banks of the Ravi . Lahore is a city of gardens, and has the reputation of being the ‘Green City’. It occupies a choice site in the midst of fertile alluvial plains. Lahore is the city of poets, artists and the center of film industry.

Brief History

Ptolemy’s “Geographia”, written about 150 AD, refers to it as “Labokla” and locates it with reference to the Indus, the Ravi, the Jhelum and the Chenab rivers. Another place revealed that it was founded by Loh the son of Rama Chandra.

However the accorded history of Lahore dates back to 850 AD., conquered by Mahmood Gaznavi in 1021 AD, it was made the capital of the Ghaznavid east of Indus and later captital of entire Ghaznavid Empire by Masud, son of Mahmood.

It was then that Lahore became the centre of social, cultural and educational activities reaching the pinnacle of its glory under the Mughals who gave it its famous architecture including the magnificent fort, gardens, tombs, mosques and pavilions. Some of the old names of Lahore can be observed as:

  • Laha-noor
  • Loh-pur
  • Mahmood-pur
  • Samandpal Nagiri
  • Lohar-pur
Tower of Lahore
Tower of Lahore

Quick Facts


About 6.5 Million
390 sq. miles
Centre of Cultural life
Largest educational centre
‘Heart of Pakistan’
Magnificant Architectures

Area and Population

With a population of more than 6,563,000 people, Lahore is Pakistan’s second largest city. The city is built in the form of a parallelogram, the area within the walls (central Lahore or Old Lahore), being about 461 acres. The district lies at 31-34′ North latitude and 74-20′ East longitude.


There are two main seasons, namely the winter and the summer. The monsoons are at their peak during July and August, and during these two months there is more than half of the annual rainfall. October and November are the drieat months and average rain fall during these months is about one third of an inch only. There are Winter rains during December – February, the average rainfall during these months being 3 inches.

Historical Architectures

The city as we know it today, reached its peak of glory during the Moghul rulers, especially in the reign of Akbar the Great. His son, Jehangir, is buried in its outskirts and his mausoleum is one of the places frequented by tourists and Lahorites alike. Close by is the mausoleum of the famous Moghul Empress, Noor Jehan, who is known for introducing the rose plant and for initiating several cultural movements in the Sub-Continent.

Lahore Badshahi Mosque

Lahore Badshahi Mosque


Lahore Fort
Shalamar Gardens
Badshahi Mosque
Shish Mahal
Mausoleum of Jahangir
12 Gates of Old Lahore

Akbar the Great built the Lahore Fort, as well as the city walls which had 12 gates. Some of these still survive. Jehangir and Shah Jehan, the builders of the Taj Mahal in Agra and the Shalamar Gardens in Srinagar and Lahore, built palaces and tombs. The last great Moghul Emperor, Aurangzeb built Lahore’s most famous monument, the great Badshahi Mosque.

At that time the river Ravi, which now lies a few miles away from Lahore , touched the ramparts of the Fort and the Mosque.

The British during their reign compensated Lahore, by harmoniously combining Mughal, Gothic and Victorian styles of architecture. Victorian heritage is only next to Mughal monuments.

They built some important buildings, like the GPO, High Court, Government College, Museums, National College of Arts, Montgomery Hall, Tollinton Market, Punjab University (Old Campus) and the Provincial Assembly.


It has the largest number of educational institutions in the country. Many colleges and schools which found Lahore’s reputation as education center of Pakistan par excellence. Most notable are Government College- first in prestige in the country, and of which Allama Iqbal, founding father of Pakistan’s Independence, was distinguished alumnus; added in 1950; the Kinnaired College for Woman and Aitcheson College, still the most expensive educational establishment in the country.

Punjab University is the largest center of education in Asia. It has a splendid old campus in the Old Lahore and built a new Campus in the quieter environments on the Canal Bank, but the old University buildings are still functioning. King Edward Medical College is the country’s largest medical institution, founded in 1870. The National College of Arts, has separate departments in Architecture, Fine Arts & design, on the competition entry basis 450 students receives from all over the country.


Lahore is cultural, intellectual and artistic center of the nation. Its faded elegance, busy streets and bazaars, and wide variety of Islamic and British architecture make it a city full of atmosphere, contrast and surprise. The warm and receptive people of Lahore are known for their traditional hospitality.

This is a city of vivid differences, of haunting nuances; where bustling bazaars, frenetic streets, glorious fading elegance, architecture and echoing atmosphere of city’s many mosques merge together into a history that is both dramatic and fascinating.

Bazaars and market places in the Lahore is of course legendary – the Kashmiri, Suha, Chatta, Dabbi, Anarkali of the old city, and Liberty and Gulberg main market in modern Lahore. These markets supply everything that could possibly or impossibly want; from cloth to copper, brass and silver-ware; watches and bangles to carpets, chapatis and chai.

Lahore Fort (Shahi Qila)
Lahore Fort (Shahi Qila)

Educational Center

Largest Number of Insititutes in Pakistan

Largest University of Asia

Punjab University

All is color, all variety, all abundance, and all displayed to entice. Lahore is country’s undisputed centre of cultural life.


There is a network of metalled roads in the district. It is connected other major cities and towns with a very sophisticated network of roads. It is also connected with the capital of Pakistan and other major cities through the M2 Motroway link.

The Lahore Railway station is one of the oldest station in the country, and serves as the main connecting point for rail services to many cities and routes. The station building is another example of the magnificant architectural beauty of the city.

There is an International Airport in the cantonment area, P.I.A. and other international airlines have routes to all major destinations of the world. Lahore airport is one of the busiest airport of the country after Karachi international terminal. A newly built international terminal, Allama Iqbal International Terminal, helps in the locomotion of passengers to other countries. It greatly facilitate and improves the air transits to and from the Lahore city.

Pakistan city karcahi


Karachi is the largest city and former capital of Pakistan on the Arabian Sea near the Indus River delta. The capital of Sindh province, it is Pakistan’s chief seaport and industrial center. Karachi is not just a city. It is a unique city in many ways.

Area and Population

From a medium-size city of less than 500,000 population in 1947 it grew to well over five million in 1981 and, according to most conservative estimates, has now exceeded 10 million mark. The area of Karcahi divison is about 3,366 sq. km with more than 18 towns and 6 cantonment boards.

Brief History

This metropolitan city of Karachi was until 1725 A.D. just a barren piece of land , washed on three sides by the blue waters of the Arabian Sea. A few fishermen lived in a small huts on the sunny creek.

Tomb of Quaid-e-Azam
Tomb of Quaid-e-Azam

Quick Facts


More than 10 million
3,336 sq. km.
18 towns
6 cantonment divisons

There was a pool of water on this barren piece of land which was known as Kalachi-jo-Kun. Kalachi was the name of fisherman whereas kun meant a deep kitch. Therefore, “Kalachi-jo-Kun” meant the deep ditch of Kalacahi, the fisherman.  

A few mud huts sprang around this point and their numbers increased. Gradually a village came into being . This village was called as Kalachi-jo-Ghote, which as time passed grew into prominence.


Karachi is located on semi-arid zone but due to marine affects, it enjoys a moderate climate. May and June are hottest months of the year with temperature as high as 43.3 degree centigrade while January is the coldest month with temperature as low as 5 degree centigrade. The mean annual rainfall is about 7 inches.


Karachi is a city that has a large variety of places to go and things to do. In every part of the city there is some club or organization. No matter where you are, you can be guaranteed a good time.

Habib Bank Tower

Habib Bank Tower


Financial Center
Karachi Stock Exchange
Port of Pakistan
Biggest City in Population
Industrial Stronghold
Tallest Building of Pakistan
Habib Bank Tower
Some of the attractions you will enjoy are handicrafts, particularly rugs and carpets of rare design and beauty, produced by talented artisans. You will find extensive range of restaurants feature cuisine from world over, clean and golden beaches, Theme parks, Zoo, Country & Water parks, Ship breaking tours and many more.

Karachi is a shoppers paradise. If you have the power to purchase you can get finest products at the most reasonable prices in Karachi. Crockery, furniture, paintings, crystal works, marble products, steel goods, classical stitched clothing, glassware, automobile, watches, best textile products and much more.

Historical Architectures

Like Lahore, you also found many historical buildings in Karachi. To name few, some are like Tomb of Quaid-e-Azam, City Courts, The Empress Market, Liaquat National Library, Karachi Port Trust, Sindh assembly buildings, Sindh Madressah-ul-Islam and Wazir Mansion (Home of Quaid-e-Azam).

Other renowned places are like Habib Bank Plaza, MCB Tower, PSO building, Avari Towers. Habib Bank Plaza is the tallest building of the city and the country.

However, many new building construction poses threat to 50 year dominance of Habib Bank tower and in near future MCB tower will replace this title from Habib Bank.


Karachi is also famous for its educational network. There are a number of schools, colleges and institutes imparting education in the fields of science, arts, engineering and information technology. Many universities main campuses resides in Karachi. It also host number of international university campuses and attracts many overseas students.

Some of the well-known universities and institutes include Karachi University, Agha Khan University, NED University, Baqai Medical University, National University, Hamdard University, IBA, Sir Syed University and many more.


The most of the major banks, financial institutions, insurance companies, corporate houses are based in Karachi. The Industrial areas of the city are SITE, Landhi, Korangi and New Karachi where enormous small, medium and large industrial units are located. Their entire managerial and financial activities are routed through this city. The presence of central bank’s head offices is the manifestation of it.

Karachi Stock Exchange is the biggest trading center of equity and debt securities. The major money market and currency dealer operates from here. The local and shipping companies are also stationed here owing to its status of being a port city. The people from every nook and corner of the country have settled here due to their economic dependence on the city. 


The Karachi-Peshawar highway links the city with the interior of Pakistan, while the Karachi-O’Mara highway extends along the coast. The Karachi to Zahedan highway connects it with Iran and other Middle Eastern countries. Express roads radiate from the city centre, while feeder roads connect the express roads with local streets.

Karachi is the terminus of Pakistan’s railway system, which mainly serves to transport goods between Karachi and the interior.

Karachi National Stadium
Karachi National Stadium

Port of Pakistan

Largest Airport of Pakistan

Quaid-e-Azam Airpot
(Jinnah Airport)


Last stop for country

There are also passenger trains, as well as a circular railway that skirts the city on the north and the east, for commuter traffic and the transport of goods between the port and the industrial areas.The two main railway stations are the Cantt Station and the City Station.

Karachi Airport, known as Jinnah Airport, provides international and domestic services. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) is the national carrier. Aero Asia, Bhoja Air and Shaheen Air are other Pakistani airlines.

Several international airlines also connect Karachi with the rest of the world. The port of Karachi is one of the busiest east of Suez. A new port, Port Qasim has been constructed with several new facilities for the ships

Paksitan Major City Islamabad


It is the purpose-built capital of Pakistan. It lies against the surroundings of the Margalla Hills at the northern end of Pothowar Plateau. The city was built intentionally to serve as the capital city of Pakistan in 1960 by the orders of then President General Ayub Khan.

The capital is full of natural terraces and meadows and the southern plain drained by the Kurang River with the Margalla Hills in the north east.

Area and Population

The city is divided into eight basic zones:

  • Administrative
  • Diplomatic Enclave
  • Residential Areas
  • Educational Sectors
  • Industrial Sectors
  • Commercial Areas
  • Rural Areas and
  • Green Areas
Islamabad Shah Faisal Mosque
Islamabad Shah Faisal Mosque

Quick Facts

Capital of Pakistan

0.95 million approx.
910 sq. km
No. of Zones

Each sector has its own shopping area and public park. The population of the city is around 9,50,000 people with an area of about 910 square kilometers. The city lies at latitudes 33° 49′ north and longitudes 72° 24′ east with altitudes ranging from 457 to 610 meters.


It offers a healthy climate, pollution free atmosphere, plenty of water and lush green area. It is a modern and carefully planned city with wide tree-lined streets, large houses elegant public buildings and well-organised bazars/markets/shopping centres.

The average humidity level is 55% with an average rainfall of 1150 millimeters each year. The city is quite moderate in case of its wether. The maximum average temperature is 29C and goes down to average minimum of around 14C.

Islamabad Daman-e-Koh
City view from Daman-e-Koh

Capital of Pakistan

Become capital of Pakistan in
Purpose-built Capital
2nd Largest Mosque in world


Islamabad has some of the fine educational institutes of Pakistan. Some of them are like Quaid-e-Azam University, International Islamic University and National University of Science and Technology.

Quaid-e-Azam University offers courses in a number of subjects. The institute is located in a semi hilly area, east of the Secretariat buildings and near the base of Margala Hills. This Post-Graduate institute is spread over 1500 acres.

Major buildings of the campus have been designed in such a way as to form an axial spine with the library in the center. Quaid-e-Azam University now occupies an enviable position in the academic world.

International Islamic University university is well known all over the world and offers courses in all subjects of Islamic Theology, Law and Jurisprudence.

Places to Visit

Though the straight, tree-lined avenues of Islamabad all look confusingly similar, it is easy to find your way around by using the Margalla Hills, which rise up on the north edge of the city, as a reference point.

The sights in Islamabad include Daman-e-Koh Viewpoint, Shakarparian Park, Rose and Jasmine Garden, Parliament House, Secretariat Blocks, Rawal Lake and especially Shah Faisal Mosque, second largest mosque in the world.

Shah Faisal Mosque

The enormous Shah Faisal Mosque is superbly sited at the foot of the Margalla Hills. It represents an eight-faceted desert ‘tent’ supported on four giant concrete girders and surrounded by four 90-metre high concrete minuets. The central ‘tent’ is faced in white marble and decorated inside with mosaics and a spectacular chandelier.

The mosque was designed by the Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay, and largely financed by donations from Saudi Arabia. It holds about 15,000 people inside, and another 85,000 in the courtyard.


Islamabad has a combination of different people from all over the world and Pakistan. As similar to many other capitals of the world, Islamabad combines traditions of many areas and thus provide cultural opportunity for everyone alike. The markets and shopping areas clearly represents the theme of different cultural values.

Islamabad Blue Area
Islamabad Blue Area


– Jinnah Super

– Blue Area
– Super Market

– Aabpara Market
– Melody Market


Islamabad is well connected to all parts of the country as well as to the world. The M1 and M2 motorway links connects the capital to major cities of the country like Lahore, Peshawar and Faisalabad. Islamabad International Airport serves all major routes to important locations with well known airlines.


Information Of ISP Of Pakistan



Help Line #

Dial-up #

Apollo Online

(051) 2651361 – 63

13111187 / 13111189 / 431535

Asia Online


13111177 /13111178/ 13111179

Best Net

(051) – 2829094

(4 Lines)


Beacon Net



Brain Net



Breeze Net


13112468 13178612

Century Twentyone

(021)5654517-19 5660869


Compunet Online

(021) 111-111-265





Crestar International

(92-21) 5861715

Cyber link




(021)5834983 – 84


Cyber Access

(021) 4548674-76

13111155 / 13122255 / 13133355

Cyber NET


13134567 / 13154321



13112345 13112346

De`Marco Comp Wizards

(061) 540565




Excel Net




(021) 2433959, 2433809


(042) 516-1079

(051) 227-4764

Fast net

(042) 111 636 111


Gem Net

(021)111-GEMNET (436638)


Gerry’s Net

(021) 111-123-321

13112322 – 13112333

global Net

(042 )5757692, 5757870


(021) 2410412 , 2411344

GO Net



Hermes Online

(042) 5733340-43





Infol link

(051) 828718


Info Net

(021) 4311700-5


LogOne Net



Mega Net

(051) 5523601


MS Net



Mobilink Online

0300 461313


My Pak Free


13119000 5718579

Net access

(021) 4310979, 4310839


Net @sia



Net 21

(021) 2822302 , 2822609

13163821-2822302 , 2822609

NetSol Connect





13111199 13111190-91


(042)5881946 5880017


One Net




(042)111-222-117 111-222-118


Perd Net

(051) 4433105


Pakistan Online



Robo Net

(021) 111-222-324

13170707, 8110002

Safe Online



Sat Net

(042)111 – 728 – 638




13123456 6312499 6312499

SDNP online

(051)270684 (021)5861447

(051)131-66667 (021)131-66667

Soft Tel





Sparcom Online






Super Net


131-11888 & 131-11889

Tele Net



The Flash Net

(042) 6307112-7

Top Net

(021) 8270071-73


Web Net


13122233 13122244

World Call Online

(042) 111-111-004

World Online

(042) 111-600-111 , 5836090

13131313 5884757

World tel Meca


(042)13112213 (051)13112211 (021) 13112212-4

Xcess Net



General Information Of Pakistan


  • Country name:
    conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
    conventional short form: Pakistan
    local long form: Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan
    local short form: Pakistan
    former: West Pakistan
    etymology: the word “pak” means “pure” in Persian or Pashto, while the Persian suffix “-stan” means “place of” or “country,” so the word Pakistan literally means “Land of the Pure”
    Government type:
    federal parliamentary republic
    name: Islamabad
    geographic coordinates: 33 41 N, 73 03 E
    time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions:
    4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly North-West Frontier Province), Punjab, Sindh
    note 1: the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region consists of 2 administrative entities: Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan
    note 2: a merger of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province was formally legislated in June of 2018 but has not yet been implemented
    14 August 1947 (from British India)
    National holiday:
    Pakistan Day (also referred to as Pakistan Resolution Day or Republic Day), 23 March (1940); note – commemorates both the adoption of the Lahore Resolution by the All-India Muslim League during its 22-24 March 1940 session, which called for the creation of independent Muslim states, and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 during the transition to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
    history: several previous; latest endorsed 12 April 1973, passed 19 April 1973, entered into force 14 August 1973 (suspended and restored several times)
    amendments: proposed by the Senate or by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of the membership of both houses; amended many times, last in 2018 (2018)
    Legal system:
    common law system with Islamic law influence
    International law organization participation:
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCt
    citizenship by birth: yes
    citizenship by descent: at least one parent must be a citizen of Pakistan
    dual citizenship recognized: yes, but limited to select countries
    residency requirement for naturalization: 4 out of the previous 7 years and including the 12 months preceding application
    18 years of age; universal; note – there are joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and non-Muslims
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Arif ALVI (since 9 September 2018)
    head of government: Prime Minister Imran KHAN (since 18 August 2018)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president upon the advice of the prime minister
    elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by the Electoral College consisting of members of the Senate, National Assembly, and provincial assemblies for a 5-year term (limited to 2 consecutive terms); election last held on 9 September 2013 (next to be held on 4 September 2018); prime minister elected by the National Assembly
    election results: Arif ALVI elected president; Electoral College vote – Arif ALVI (PTI) 353, Fazl-ur-RAHMAN(MMA) 185, Aitzaz AHSAN (PPPP) 124; Imran KHAN elected prime minister: National Assembly vote – Imran KHAN (PTI) 176, Shebaz SHARIF (PML-N) 96
    Legislative branch:
    description: bicameral Parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of:
    Senate (104 seats; members indirectly elected by the 4 provincial assemblies and the territories’ representatives by proportional representation vote; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years)
    National Assembly (342 seats; 272 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 70 members – 60 women and 10 non-Muslims – directly elected by proportional representation vote; all members serve 5-year terms)and the Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura (85 seats; members directly elected in single- and 2-seat constituencies by simple majority popular vote to serve renewable 4-year terms)
    note: since political reforms in 2011, legislation from the Consultative Council is submitted to the Council of State for review by the Royal Court) and the National Assembly (342 seats; 272 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 70 members – 60 women and 10 non-Muslims – directly elected by proportional representation vote; all members serve 5-year terms)
    elections: Senate – last held on 3 March 2018 (next to be held in March 2021); National Assembly – last held on 25 May 2018 (next to be held on 25 July 2023)
    election results: Senate – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – PML-N 15, PPPP 12, PTI 6, PkMAP 2, NP 2, JUI-F 2, JI 1, MQM-P 1, PML-F 1, independent 10; National Assembly – percent of votes by party – PTI 31.9%, PML-N 24.4%, PPPP 13.1%, MMA 4.8%, MQM 1.4%, PML-Q 1%, BAP 0.6%, BNP 0.4%, other 11.1%,independent 11.4%; seats by party – PTI 116, PML-N 64, PPPP 43, MMA 12, MQM 6, BAP 4, PML-Q 4, BNP 3, other 5, independent 13; election for 2 seats postponed; voter turnout 51.7%
    Judicial branch:
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Pakistan (consists of the chief justice and 16 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: justices nominated by an 8-member parliamentary committee upon the recommendation of the Judicial Commission (a 9-member body of judges and other judicial professionals), and appointed by the president of Pakistan; justices can serve until age 65
    subordinate courts: High Courts; Federal Shariat Court; provincial and district civil and criminal courts; specialized courts for issues such as taxation, banking, customs, etc.
    Political parties and leaders:
    Awami National Party or ANP [Mian Iftikhar HUSSAIN]
    Balochistan National Party-Awami or BNP-A [Mir Israr Ullah ZEHRI]
    Balochistan National Party-Mengal or BNP-M [Sardar Akhtar Jan MENGAL]
    Jamaat-i Islami or JI [Sirajul HAQ]
    Jamiat-i Ulema-i Islam Fazl-ur Rehman or JUI-F [Fazlur REHMAN]
    Muttahida Quami Movement-Pakistan or MQM-P [Farooq SATTAR] (MQM split into two factions in 2016)
    Muttahida Quami Movement-London or MQM-L [Nadeem NUSRAT] (MQM split into two factions in 2016)
    Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal or MMA [Fazl-ur-RAHMAN] (alliance of several parties)
    National Party or NP [Mir Hasil Khan BIZENJO]
    Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party or PMAP or PkMAP [Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI]
    Pakistan Muslim League-Functional or PML-F [Pir PAGARO or Syed Shah Mardan SHAH-II]
    Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz or PML-N [Nawaz SHARIF]; note – in February 2018, the Supreme court ordered the Election Commission to remove SHARIF as party head
    Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians or PPPP [Bilawal Bhutto ZARDARI and Asif Ali ZARDARI]
    Pakistan Tehrik-e Insaaf or PTI (Pakistan Movement for Justice) [Imran KHAN]
    Pak Sarzameen Party or PSP [Mustafa KAMAL]
    Quami Watan Party or QWP [Aftab Ahmed Khan SHERPAO]
    note: political alliances in Pakistan shift frequently
    International organization participation:
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Ali Jehangir SIDDIQUI (since 22 June 2018)
    chancery: 3517 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 243-6500
    FAX: [1] (202) 686-1534
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York
    consulate(s): Louisville (KY), San Francisco
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador David M. HALE (since 3 December 2015)
    embassy: Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, Islamabad
    mailing address: 8100 Islamabad Place, Washington, DC 20521-8100
    telephone: [92] (51) 208-0000/[92] (51) 201-4000
    FAX: [92] (51) 233-8071
    consulate(s) general: Karachi, Lahore
    consulate(s): Peshawar
    Flag description:
    green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
    National symbol(s):
    star and crescent, jasmine; national colors: green, white
    National anthem:
    name: “Qaumi Tarana” (National Anthem)
    lyrics/music: Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez JULLANDHURI/Ahmed Ghulamali CHAGLA
    note: adopted 1954; also known as “Pak sarzamin shad bad” (Blessed Be the Sacred Land)
    Source: CIA – The World Factbook


History of the Sindh

History Main article: History of Sindh Indus Valley seal with a seated figureIn ancient times, the territory of the modern Sindh province was sometimes known as Sovira (or Souveera) and also as Sindhudesh, Sindhu being the original name for Indus River and the suffix ‘desh’ roughly corresponding to country or territory. The first known village settlements date as far back as 7000 BCE. Permanent settlements at Mehrgarh to the west expanded into Sindh. This culture blossomed over several millennia and gave rise to the Indus Valley Civilization around 3000 BCE. The Indus Valley Civilization rivalled the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in both size and scope numbering nearly half a million inhabitants at its height with well-planned grid cities and sewer systems. It is known that the Indus Valley Civilization traded with ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt via established shipping lanes. In ancient Egypt, the word for cotton was Sindh suggesting that the bulk of that civilization’s cotton was imported from the Indus Valley Civilization. A branch of the Indo-Iranian tribes, called the Indo-Aryans are believed to have founded the Vedic Civilization that existed between Sarasvati River and Ganges River around 1500 BCE and also influenced Indus Valley Civilization. This civilization helped shape subsequent cultures in South Asia. Sindh was conquered by the Persian Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, and became part of the Persian satrapy (province) of Hindush centred in the Punjab to the north. Persian speech had a tendency to replace ‘S’ with an ‘H’ resulting in ‘Sindu’ being pronounced and written as ‘Hindu’. They introduced the Kharoshti script in the region and established links to the west. In the late 300s BCE, Sindh was conquered by a mixed army led by Macedonian Greeks under Alexander the Great. The region remained under control of Greek satraps only for a few decades. After Alexander’s death, there was a brief period of Seleucid rule, before Sindh was traded to the Mauryan Empire led by Chandragupta in 305 BCE. During the rule of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, the Buddhist religion spread to Sindh. Mauryan rule ended in 185 BCE with the overthrow of the last king by the Sunga Dynasty. In the disorders that followed, Greek rule returned when Demetrius I of Bactria led a Greco-Bactrian invasion of India and annexed most of northwestern lands, including Sindh. Demetrius was later defeated and killed by a usurper, but his descendents continued to rule Sindh and other lands as the Indo-Greek Kingdom. Under the reign of Menander I many Indo-Greeks followed his example and converted to Buddhism. In the late 100s BCE, Scythian tribes shattered the Greco-Bactrian empire and invaded the Indo-Greek lands. Unable to take the Punjab region, they seized Sistan and invaded India by coming through Sindh, where they became known as Indo-Scythians (later Western Satraps). Subsequently, the Tocharian Kushan Empire annexed Sindh by the 1st century CE. Though the Kushans were Zoroastrian, they were tolerant of the local Buddhist tradition and sponsored many building projects for local beliefs. The Kushans were defeated in the mid 200s CE by the Sassanid Empire of Persia, who installed vassals known as the Kushanshas. These rulers were defeated by the Kidarites in the late 300s, though Sindh became part of the Gupta Empire. By the late 400s, attacks by Hephthalite tribes known as the Indo-Hephthalites or Hunas broke through the Gupta’s northwestern borders and overran much of northern and western India. During these upheavals, Sindh became independent under the Rai Dynasty around 478 AD. The Rais were overthrown by Chach of Alor around 632 CE. The Chacha Dynasty ruled Sindh until the coming of the Muslim Arabs in 711 CE. Rohri – Sukkur, by James Atkinson, 1842During the reign of Rashidun Caliph Umar, an expedition was sent to conquer Makran. This was the first time that Muslim armies had entered Sindh. The Islamic army defeated the Hindu king of Sindh, Raja Rasil, on the western bank of the Indus. The armies of Raja accordingly retreated to interior Sindh. Caliph Umar, on getting the information about the miserable conditions of Sindh, stopped his armies from crossing the Indus and, instead, ordered them to consolidate their position in Makran and Baluchistan. Umar’s successor Caliph Uthman also sent his agent to investigate the matters of Sindh. Upon getting the same information of unfavourable geographical conditions and the miserable lives of the people, he forbade his armies to enter Sindh. During the Rashidun Caliphate only the southwestern part of Sindh around the western bank of the Indus, and some northern parts near the frontiers of Baluchistan remained under the rule of the Islamic empire.[5] Sindh was finally conquered by Syrian Arabs, led by Muhammad bin Qasim. Sindh became the easternmost province of the Umayyad Caliphate referred to as Al-Sindh on Arab maps with lands further east known as Hind. These maps resemble the current border between the two nations of Pakistan and India. The defeat of the Brahmin ruler Raja Dahir was made easier by the tension between the Buddhist majority and the ruling Brahmins’ fragile base of control. The Arabs redefined the region and adopted the term budd to refer to the numerous Buddhist idols they encountered, a word that remains in use today. The city of Mansura was established as a regional misr or capital. Arab rule lasted for nearly three centuries, and a fusion of cultures produced much of what is today modern Sindhi society. Arab geographers, historians and travellers also sometimes used the name “Sindh” for the entire area from the Arabian Sea to the Hindu Kush. Arab rule ended with the ascension of the Soomro dynasty, who were local Sindhi Muslims, and who controlled the province directly and as vassals of the Arabs from 1058 to 1249. Turkic invaders conquered the area by 977 CE and the region loosely became part of the Ghaznavid Empire and then the Delhi Sultanate which lasted until 1524. The Mughals seized the region and their rule lasted for another two centuries, while another local Sindhi Muslim group, the Samma, challenged Mughal rule from their base at Thatta. The Muslim Sufi played a pivotal role in converting the millions of native people to Islam. Though part of larger empires, Sindh continued to enjoy a certain autonomy as a loyal Muslim domain and came under the rule of the Arghun Dynasty and the Tarkhan Dynasty from 1519 to 1625. Sindh became a vassal-state of the Afghan Durrani Empire by 1747. It was then ruled by Kalhora rulers and later the Balochi Talpurs[6] from 1783. British forces under General Charles Napier arrived in Sindh in the 19th century and conquered it in 1843. It is said that he sent back to the Governor General a one-word message, “Peccavi” – Latin for “I have sinned”,[7] these words later appearing as a cartoon in Punch magazine. The first Aga Khan helped the British in the conquest of Sindh and was granted a pension as a result.[citation needed]. After 1853, Sindh was divided into provinces, each being assigned a Zamindar or Wadara to collect taxes for the British (a system adopted from the Mughals). In a highly controversial move, Sindh was later made part of British India’s Bombay Presidency much to the surprise of the local population, who found the decision illogical. Shortly afterwards, the decision was reversed and Sindh became a separate province in 1935. The British ruled the area for a century and Sindh was home to many prominent Muslim leaders including Muhammad Ali Jinnah who strove for greater Muslim autonomy. In 1947, when the British left, Pakistan was created from the partitioning of British India. All of Sindh was allotted to Pakistan. In 1947, 25 per cent of the population of Sindh was Hindu Sindhi. Most of the Hindu Sindhis were city dwellers and were largely occupied with trade and commerce. They were responsible for the export of products made in Sindh and contributed significantly to the economy of Sindh. When the partition of British India occurred the Sindhi Hindus expected to remain in Sindh. Generally, there were good relation between Hindu Sindhis and Muslims Sindhis. When large waves of Indian Muslims started to arrive in Sindh, violence erupted on the streets. The Hindu Sindhis fled Sindh, leaving everything behind. Popati Hirandani, who was a Sindhi Hindu, tells in her autobiography that the police were merely onlookers when violence erupted and they did not protect the Hindu community.[8] Many Hindu Sindhis wanted to return to their native Sindh when the violence settled down, but this was not possible, as the border between India and Pakistan was sealed. Property belonging to the Hindus was appropriated by the “Muhajirs” (“immigrants”) in the same manner that their properties in India were given to Hindu refugees. Hindu Sindhis are scattered throughout the world and many feel like a stateless people and still regard Sindh as their homeland, Sindhis in India have resisted attempts to have the word Sindh removed from the Indian national anthem, though Sindh lies entirely within Pakistan.[9] It should be noted, that many Sindhi Hindus still reside in the province of Sindh and relations have considerably improved. In later years, Sindh has been the destination of a continuous stream of illegal immigration from South Asian countries, Burma, and Afghanistan, including Bengali, Pashtun and Punjabi immigrants to Karachi. Many native Sindhis resent this influx. Nonetheless, traditional Sindhi families remain prominent in Pakistani politics, especially the Bhutto and Soomro dynasties. In recent years native Sindhi dissatisfaction has grown over issues such as illegal immigration, control of the natural resources of gas, petrol and coal, the construction of large dams, perceived discrimination in military/government jobs, provincial autonomy, and admission to educational institutes. Many Sindhis also resent the success of well-educated, liberal newcomers, such as entrepreneurial Indian Muslims and industrialist Punjabis. They may also resent the overwhelming dominance of Pashtuns in security and Karachi’s public transportation.[citation needed]

History of the Punjab

Ancient history and the Hindu Period It was formerly thought that the original inhabitants of the Indus Valley area were the present populations of South India who were displaced by Aryans invaders from the North West, however, recently the Aryan invasion theory has been largely discarded by most scholars. It is now generally accepted that the area of the Indus Valley Civilization has been continuously inhabited for thousands of years by the same general population stock as is presently found in the area of Punjab. The main site of the Indus Valley Civilization in Punjab was the city of Harrapa. The Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of what is today Pakistan and eventually evolved into Indo-Aryan civilization. The arrival of the Indo-Aryans led to the flourishing of the Vedic Civilization that extended from the ancient Sarasvati River to the Ganges river to the entire Indian Subcontinent around 1500 BCE. This civilization shaped subsequent cultures in South Asia. Punjab was part of the great ancient empires including the Gandhara Mahajanapadas, Mauryas, Kushans, Gupta Empire and Hindu Shahi. Agriculture flourished and trading cities (such as Multan and Lahore) grew in wealth. Due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and influence from the west. Invaded by the Persians, Greeks, Kushans, Scythians, Turks and Afghans, Punjab witnessed centuries of bitter bloodshed. Its legacy is a unique culture that combines Hindu, Buddhist, Persian, Central Asian, Islamic, Sikh and British elements. The city of Taxila, reputed to house the oldest university in the world, Takshashila University, was established by the great Vedic thinker and politician Chanakya. Taxila was a great center of learning and intellectual discussion during the Hindu Maurya Empire. It is a UN World Heritage site, and revered for its archaeological and religious history. [edit] The arrival of Islam Badshahi Masjid – The largest mosque of the Mughal Empire built by emperor Aurangzeb.The Punjabis were predominantly Hindus with large minorities of Buddhists and Zoroastrians, when the Umayyad Muslim Arab army led by Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the Punjab and Sindh in 711. Bin Qasim recorded he so was overwhelmed by the gold in the Aditya Temple in the thriving trading city of Multan (known as Mulasthana then), that he recovered the expenses for his entire invasion. During the reign of Mahmud of Ghazni, non-Muslims were forced to pay the jaziya tax or to convert to Islam. The province became an important centre and Lahore was made into a second capital of the Ghaznavid Empire. [edit] The Greeks, Central Asians and Persians Unique to Pakistani Punjab was that this area was briefly conquered into various central Asian, Greek and Persian empires: after the bloody victories of Alexander the Great, Mahmud of Ghazni and Tamerlane. These were periods of contact between this region of Pakistan and the Persian Empire and all the way to Greece. In later centuries, when Persian was the language of the Mughal government, Persian architecture, poetry, art and music was an integral part of the region’s culture. The official language of Punjab remained Persian until the arrival of the British in the mid 19th century, where it was finally abolished and the administrative language was changed over to English. The Punjabi language gained prominence during Ranjit Singh’s rule in between but was written in the Sikh Gurumukhi script. After 1947, Urdu, which has Persian and Sanskrit roots, became Islamic Pakistan’s national language. [edit] The Mughals The Mughals controlled the region from 1524 until 1739 and would also lavish the province with building projects such as the Shalimar Gardens and the Badshahi Mosque, both situated in Lahore. Muslim soldiers, traders, architects, theologians and Sufis flocked from the rest of the Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia and some may have settled in the Punjab. Following the decline of the Mughals, the Shah of Iran and founder of the Afsharid dynasty in Persia, Nader Shah crossed the Indus and sacked the province in 1739. Following this terrible visitation, the Afghan conqueror Ahmad Shah Durrani annexed the Punjab into his Durrani Empire from 1747 until 1762. [edit] The Afghans The founder of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani, an ethnic Pashtun (Afghan), is believed to be born in the city of Multan. After cementing his authority over various Afghan tribes, he went about to establish the first united Afghan Kingdom (Greater Afghanistan) that during its greatest extent included modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, northeastern Iran and western India. The Punjab was a cultural reservoir for the Afghans, and many where attracted to its lush fertile lands. It has been said that with the loss of the breadbasket regions of the Punjab and Sindh, Afghanistan has never been able to achieve a stable state ever since. Many ethnic Afghan or Pashtun tribes continue to live in Pakistan’s Punjab province such as the Gardezis, Niazis, Lodhis, the Kakazai and the Barakzai to name a few. [edit] The Sikhs A section of the Lahore Fort built by the Sikh ruler, Ranjit Singh.At the beginning of the sixteenth century, the religion of Sikhism was born, and during the Mughal period gradually emerged as a formidable military force until subjugated and assimilated by the later expanding British Empire. After fighting Ahmad Shah Durrani, the Sikhs wrested control of the Punjab from his descendants and ruled in a confederacy, which later became the Sikh Kingdom of the Punjab under Maharaja Ranjit Singh. A denizen of the city of Gujranwala, the capital of Ranjit Singh’s kingdom was Lahore. The Sikhs made architectural contributions to the city and the Lahore Fort. [edit] The British The Maharaja’s death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. Relationships with neighbouring British territories then broke down, starting the First Anglo-Sikh War; this led to a British official being resident in Lahore and the annexation of territory south of the Satluj to British India. Some parts of Pakistani Punjab also served as the centre of resistance in the Indian Rebellion of 1857. [edit] Partition and its aftermath Minar-e-PakistanIn 1947 the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and East Punjab. The western Punjabis voted to join the new country of Pakistan while the easterners joined India. This led to massive rioting as both sides committed atrocities against fleeing refugees. The undivided Punjab, of which Punjab (Pakistan) forms a major region today, was home to a large minority population of Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs unto 1947 apart from the Muslim majority.[2] At the time of Partition in 1947 and due to the ensuing horrendous exchange of populations, the Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India.[3] Punjabi Muslims were uprooted similarly from their homes in East Punjab which now forms part of India.[4] The West Punjabi Hindu and Sikh refugees who moved to India leaving their ancient home lands in Punjab (Pakistan) belonged to various sub groups, clans, tribes, castes and linguistic groups. This includes Khatris, Aroras, Rajputs, Jats, Gujjars, Kambojs, Mohyals, Mazhabis, as well as others such as the linguistically distinct Multanis. A unique feature among Punjabis of different faiths Muslim, Hindu and Sikh hailing from the area which now forms the Punjab (Pakistan) is the enduring affinities to sub grouping and clans cutting across religious lines. Consequently these Punjabis of Pakistan, despite having left the country, continue to share common surnames and tribal affiliations with their parent tribes and lands left behind. This includes surnames such as Sahgal, Sial, Bhatti, Ghumman, Sandhu, Tiwana and Cheema. In recent years, many of these refugees have been able to visit their ancestral homelands. [edit] Recent History Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialized rapidly. New factories came up in Lahore, Multan, Sialkot. In the 1960s the new city of Islamabad was built near Rawalpindi. Agriculture continues to be the largest sector of Punjab’s economy. The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, the Punjabis. Unlike neighbouring India, there was no large-scale redistribution of agricultural land. As a result most rural areas are dominated by a small set of land-owning families. This small ruling class also allegedly dominates powerful positions in the army and civil bureaucracy. This results in some resentment from residents of other provinces as well as by the working people of Punjab. In the 1950s there was tension between the eastern and western halves of Pakistan. In order to address the situation, a new formula resulted in the abolition of the province status for Punjab in 1955. It was merged into a single province West Pakistan. In 1972, after East Pakistan seceded and became Bangladesh, Punjab again became a province. Punjab witnessed major battles between the armies of India and Pakistan in the wars of 1965 and 1971. Since the 1990s Punjab hosted several key sites of Pakistan’s nuclear program such as Kahuta. It also hosts major military bases such as at Sargodha and Rawalpindi. The peace process between India and Pakistan, which began in earnest in 2004, has helped pacify the situation. Trade and people-to-people contacts through the Wagah border are now starting to become common. Indian Sikh pilgrims visit holy sites such as Nankana Sahib. Starting in the 1980s large numbers of Punjabis migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada and the United States for economic opportunties. Business and cultural ties between the US and Punjab are growing. The rise of radical Islamic jihad in Punjab gained international attention. The bloody legacy of partition violence resulted in an anti-minority sentiment since its formation. In the 1980s society got even more polarized with funding by certain Middle Eastern countries of radical madrassas, both Sunni and Shia. Throughout the 1990s there were a series of gun battles between Shia and Sunni groups which claimed many lives. There were also attacks on Christian, Ahmadiya and Hindu minorities. The presence of armed militant groups and their propaganda are often felt in some areas. Some Punjabis joined or assisted jihadi campaigns in Afghanistan, Kashmir and in Britain. In the 2000s, in the Musharraf era, the Sufi heritage of Punjab slowly started staging a comeback. In addition non-religious holidays such as Basant and New Year’s Eve are again celebrated openly. Some Middle Eastern countries started to provide development assistance not driven by fundamentalist compulsions, such as by the UAE in Rahim Yar Khan. However the spread of radicalism has not stopped and incidents of terrorism continue sporadically. Radical groups sympathetic to Taliban and Al Qaeda are believed to have carried out bombings in Lahore, Sargodha and the assassination of Benazir Bhutto in Rawalpindi in 2007

History of the North-West Frontier Province

North-West Frontier Province History Ancient history Since ancient times the region has been invaded by numerous groups including Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Kushans, Huns, Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Mughals, Sikhs, and the British. Between 2000 and 1500 BC, the Aryans split off into an Iranian branch, represented by the Pakhtuns who came to dominate most of the region, and various Dardic peoples who came to populate much of the north. Earlier pre-Aryan inhabitants include the Burusho. The Vale of Peshawar was home to the Kingdom of Gandhara from around the 6th century BC and later ancient Peshawar became a capital of the Kushan Empire. The region was visited by such notable historical figures as Darius II, Alexander the Great, Hiuen Tsang, Fa Hien, Marco Polo, Mountstuart Elphinstone, and Winston Churchill, among others. Following the Mauryan conquest of the region, Buddhism became a major faith, at least in urban centers, as attested by recent archaeological and hermeneutic evidence. Kanishka, a prominent Kushan ruler was one of the prominent Buddhist kings. “ The region of Gandhara has long been known as a major centre of Buddhist art and culture around the beginning of the Christian era. But until recently, the Buddhist literature of this region was almost entirely lost. Now, within the last decade, a large corpus of Gandharan manuscripts dating from as early as the 1st century A.D. has come to light and is being studied and published by scholars at the University of Washington. These scrolls, written on birch-bark in the Gandharan language and the Kharosthi script, are the oldest surviving Buddhist literature, which has hitherto been known to us only from later and modern Buddhist canons. They also institute a missing link between original South Asian Buddhism and the Buddhism of East Asia, which was exported primarily from Gandhara along the Silk Roads through Central Asia and thence to China. [9] ” Rural areas retained numerous Shamanistic faiths as evident with the Kalash and other groups. The roots of Pashtunwali or the traditional code of honour followed by the Pashtuns is also believed to have Pre-Islamic origins. Persian invasions left small pockets of Zoroastrians and, later, a ruling Hindu elite established itself briefly during the later Shahi period. [edit] The Shahi era During the early 1st millennium, prior to the rise of Islam, the NWFP was ruled by the Shahi kings. The early Shahis were Turkic Buddhist rulers and reigned over the area until 870 CE when they were overthrown and then later replaced . When the Chinese monk Xuanzang visited the region early in the 7th century CE, the Kabul valley region was still ruled by affiliates of the Shahi kings, who is identified as the Shahi Khingal, and whose name has been found in an inscription found in Gardez. While the early Shahis were Central Asian and Turko-Tocharian in origin, the later Shahi kings of Kabul and Gandhara may have had links to some ruling families in neighbouring Kashmir and the Punjab. The Hindu Shahis are believed to have been a ruling elite of a predominantly Buddhist, Zoroastrian and Shamanistic population and were thus patrons of numerous faiths, and various artefacts and coins from their rule have been found that display their multicultural domain. The last Shahi rulers were eventually wiped out by their cousin tribes led by Mahmud of Ghaznavi who arrived from Afghanistan. [edit] Arrival of Islam Buddhism and Shamanism remained prominent in the region until Muslim Arabs and Turks conquered the area before the 2nd millennium CE. Over the centuries local Pashtun and Dardic tribes were converted to Islam, while retaining some local traditions (albeit altered by Islam) such as Pashtunwali or the Pashtun code of honour. The NWFP became part of larger Islamic empires including the Ghaznavid Empire and the empire of Muhammad of Ghor and was nominally controlled by the Delhi Sultanate and the Ilkhanate Empire of the Mongols. Muslim technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and sufis flocked from the rest of the Muslim world to the region. [edit] Pashtun nationalism The NWFP was an important borderland that was often contested by the Mughals and Safavids of Persia. During the reign of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the NWFP required formidable military forces to control and the emergence of Pashtun nationalism through the voice of local warrior poet Khushal Khan Khattak united some of the tribes against the various empires around the region. The area, as a predominantly Pashtun region, merged, following a loya jirga, with the Durrani Empire founded by Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747. British era Main article: Durand Line A series of conflicts known as the Anglo-Afghan wars during the imperialist Great Game between the United Kingdom and Russia, led to the eventual dismemberment of Afghanistan. The annexation of the region led to the demarcation of the Durand Line and administration as part of British South Asia. The Durand line is a term for the poorly marked 1,519-mile (2,445 km) border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. After fighting in two wars against Afghans, the British succeeded in 1893 in imposing the Durand line, dividing Afghanistan and what was then British India. Named for Sir Mortimer Durand, the foreign secretary of the British colonial government, it was agreed upon by representatives of both governments. While the Afghan side greatly resented the border and viewed it as a temporary development, the British viewed it as being a permanent settlement. One of the two representatives of the Afghan government was the revered Ahmadi Sahibzada Abdul Latif of Khost. The border was drawn intentionally to cut through the Pakhtun tribes. The British, who had captured most of rest of South Asia without significant problems, faced a number of difficulties here. The first war with the Pashtuns resulted in a devastating defeat, with just one soldier coming back alive (out of a total of 14,800 people). Unable to enforce their writ in the region, they changed tactics and played a game of divide and rule, installing puppet Pashtun rulers and dividing the Pashtuns through artificially created regions and ruling indirectly so as to reduce the chance of confrontation. Despite this, occasional Pashtun attacks did take place, including the Siege of Malakand, well documented by Winston Churchill who was a war correspondent at the time. The province was formed on November 9, 1901 as a Chief Commissioner province. The Chief Commissioner was the chief executive of the province. He ran the administration with the help of his principal advisers and civil servants better known as judicial and revenue commissioners. The formal inauguration of the province took place five and half months later on April 26, 1902 on the occasion of the historical “Darbar” in Shahi Bagh in Peshawar held by Lord Curzon. The province of NWFP then comprised only five districts. They were Peshawar, Hazara District, Kohat, Bannu, and Dera Ismail Khan. The Malakand, which consisted of three princely states of Dir, Swat, Chitral was included in it. The NWFP also included the four tribal administered agencies, Khyber, Khurram, North Waziristan, and South Waziristan (now seven). The first chief commissioner of the NWFP was Harold Deane, a strong administrator, he was followed by Ross-Keppel in 1908, whose contribution as a political officer was widely known amongst the tribal/frontier people. The NWFP was raised to a full-fledged Governor province in 1935. The decision was actually made in the Round Table Conference held in 1931. It was agreed upon in the conference that the NWFP would be raised to a governor province with its own Legislative Council. Therefore, on January 25, 1932, the Viceroy inaugurated NWFP Legislative Council. The first provincial elections were held in 1937 and independent candidate and noted landlord Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan was elected as the provinces first Chief Minister.

History of Kashmir

The Muslim and Hindu peoples of Kashmir have lived in relative harmony and friendliness since the 13th century when Islam first became the majority religion in Kashmir. The Sufi-Islamic way of life that ordinary Muslims followed in Kashmir complemented the rishi tradition of Kashmiri Pandits (Hindus), leading to a syncretic culture where Hindus and Muslims revered the same local saints and prayed at the same shrines. Periodically however, there have been rulers and leaders who have had a narrow view of Islam, and have subjected Hindu minorities to great cruelties and discrimination. The current armed secessionist movement in Kashmir mostly derives its inspiration from these people. A canard is now being spread past few years by the secessionist-terrorists and their sympathizers that in 1990 Kashmiri Pandits left Kashmir willingly, having been “tricked” by then Jammu and Kashmir Governor Jagmohan. Nothing could be farther from the truth. The fact is that Kashmiri Pandits were driven from their homeland after a campaign of intimidation and harassment was launched against them by the military-wing of the secessionists. Kashmiri Pandits were forced from their hearths and homes at the point of gun. The objective of this ethnic cleansing was to create a minority free Kashmir valley where the goal of Islamization could be easily forced on the ordinary people. The books and articles below will provide you with an in-depth understanding of the genesis of the current political situation in Jammu and Kashmir.

History of the Balochistan

Main article: History of Balochistan Balochistan was the site of the earliest known farming settlements upon the Iranian plateau bordering South Asia, the earliest of which was Mehrgarh dated at 6500 BCE. Pakistani Balochistan corresponds to the ancient Achaemenid province of Gedrosia. Balochistan was sparsely populated by various tribes, possibly of Dravidian and Indo-Iranian origin, for centuries following the decline of the nearby Harappa-Mohenjo-daro civilisation to the east. Over time, Balochistan was invaded by various Eurasian groups including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Kushans, Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Mughals, Afghans, and the British. Aryan invasions appear to have led to the eventual demise of the Elamo-Dravidian[3] with the exception of the Brahui who may have arrived much later as did the Balochis themselves. The Balochis began to arrive from their homeland in northern Iran and appear to be an offshoot of the Kurdish tribes that would mainly populate the western end of the Iranian plateau. The Balochi tribes eventually became a sizeable group rivalled only by another Iranian group where Brohis and Pashtuns came under influnces of Balochis. [edit] Islamic arrival in Baluchistan What is now Baluchistan province of Pakistan, in the 7th century was divided into two main regions, its south western parts were part of Kerman Province of the Persian Empire and north eastern region was part of the Persian province Sistan. The southern region was included in Makran. In early 644, Caliph Umar sent Suhail ibn Adi from Busra to conquer the Kerman region of Iran; he was made governor of Kerman. From Kerman he entered the western Baluchistan and conquered the region near to Persian frontiers.[4] South Western Baluchistan was conquered during the campaign in Sistan the same year. During Caliph Uthman’s reign in 652, Baluchistan was re-conquered during the campaign against the revolt in Kerman, under the command of Majasha ibn Masood, it was first time when western Baluchistan came directly under the Laws of Caliphate and gave tribute on agriculture.[5]In those days western Baluchistan was included in the dominion of Kerman. In 654 Abdulrehman ibn Samrah was made governor of Sistan, an Islamic army was sent under him to crush the revolt in Zarang, which is now in southern Afghanistan. Conquering Zarang a column moved north ward to conquer areas up to Kabul and Ghazni in Hindu Kush Mountains, while another column moved towards North western Baluchistan and conquered area up to the ancient city of Dawar and Qandabil (Bolan),[6] by 654 the whole of what is now Baluchistan province of Pakistan was under the rule of Rashidun Caliphate except for the well defended mountain town of QaiQan (now Kalat), which was conquered during Caliph Ali’s reign. [7] Abdulrehman ibn Samrah made Zaranj his provincial capital and remained governor of these conquered areas from 654 to 656, until Uthman was murdered. During the Caliphate of Ali, the areas of Baluchistan, Makran again broke into revolt. Due to civil war in the Islamic empire Ali was unable to deal with these areas until 660 when he sent a large force under the command of Haris ibn Marah Abdi towards Makran, Baluchistan and Sind. Haris ibn Marah Abdi arrived in Makran and conquered it by force then moved north ward to north eastern Baluchistan and re-conquered Qandabil (Bolan), then again moving south finally conquered Qaiqan (Kalat) after a fierce battle[8]. In 663 during the reign of Umayyad Caliph Muawiyah I, Muslim lost control of North eastern Baluchistan and Kalat when Haris ibn Marah and large part of army died in the battle field against a revolt in Kalat.[9] Muslim forces latter re-gained the control of the area during Umayyads reign. It also remained part of Abbasid Caliphate’s empire. History of Baloch people Many Balochis believe that their origins are Semitic and not Iranian contrary to linguistic and historical evidence. Balochis claim that they left their Aleppo homeland in Syria at some point during the 1st millennium CE and moved to Balochistan,[10] on the other hand it is considered more likely they are an Iranian group who have possibly absorbed some Arab ancestry and cultural traits instead, it is also believed that Baloch are of Arab blood, it could be they left the Arab world when Iraq broke from Persia in 652 AD and there is historical evidence that suggests they lived in (Khuzestan) and (Bushehr) before moving to Kerman and Hormozgan. In 15th century Mir Chakar Khan Rind became first king of Baluchistan. Balochistan subsequently was dominated by empires based in Iran and Afghanistan as well as the Mughal empire based in India. Ahmed Shah Durrani annexed the region as part of a “greater” Afghanistan. The area would eventually revert to local Balochi control, while parts of the northern regions would continue to be dominated by Pashtun tribes. During the period of the British Raj, there were four Princely states in Balochistan: Makran, Kharan, Las Bela and Kalat. In 1876 Sir Robert Sandeman concluded a treaty with the Khan of Kalat and brought his territories – including Kharan, Makran, and Las Bela – under British suzerainty. After the Second Afghan War of 1878-80, the Treaty of Gandamak concluded in May 1879, the Afghan Emir ceded the districts of Quetta Pishin,Sibi, Harnai, and Thal Chotiali to the British. In 1883 the British leased the Bolan Pass, southeast of Quetta, from the Khan of Kalat on a permanent basis. In 1887 some areas of Balochistan were declared British territory. In 1893, Sir Mortimer Durand negotiated an agreement with Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan to fix the Durand Line running from Chitral to Balochistan to as the boundary between the Afghans and the British. There were two devastating earthquakes in Balochistan during British colonial rule: The 1935 Balochistan Earthquake devastated Quetta and the 1945 Balochistan Earthquake, with its epicentre in Makran region, was felt in other regions of South Asia. Since the 1970s there has been some small-scale violence in the area by ethnic Balochi tribesmen (mainly Bugti, Marri & Mengal tribes) agitating for increased provincial autonomy, and control of natural resources. Additionally, a few fighters even demanded outright secession of the provinces in Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan in order to create an independent homeland which would not only have included ethnically Baluchi areas, but also places which had only a very tiny Balochi population, such as Karachi, Bandar Abbas, Quetta, northern parts of Pakistani Balochistan (which is inhabited by Pashtuns), central Balochistan (inhabited by Brahuis), western Sindh province, and some areas around Kandahar, Afghanistan[11]. The reasoning behind claiming such a huge swath of non-Balochi land is likely due to economics: Karachi (Mohajir & Sindhi majority) is a major economic center of about 16 million people (compared to the estimated 12 million Balochis in all countries), Bandar Abbas (Iranian Majority) is a thriving Iranian port, and Sindh (Sindhi majority) has huge deposits of natural gas. The area had been badly affected by fighting and instability in Afghanistan, with arms and refugees flooding the province. Small attacks have occurred against coal miners, oil prospectors, and energy infrastructure. The bulk of these attacks have been carried out against the Punjabi ethnic minority. There has been major attacks on Shias by Sunni extremist groups in Quetta & other cities, resulting in the death of more than a hundred people. Government crackdown on Sunni extremist groups resulted in the arrest & trial of members of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi & Sipah-e-Sahaba terrorist groups including Daud Badini & his cohorts. Many of these extremists were of Baloch & Brahui ethnicity & were from Quetta, Chagai & Mastung areas. 2 terrorist attacks were conducted on a Shia Mosque/Imambargah (2004, 54 dead) & a Shia Ashura possession of Imam Hussein (2004, 70 dead) . Most of those killed were of Hazara ethnicity. On 15 June 2006, an estimated 600 fighters, led by three commanders, agreed to lay down their weapons after talks with Shoaib Nausherwani, Baluchistan’s minister for internal affairs, in Dera Bugti district.[12] On August 26, Balochistan tribal leader Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was killed in airstrikes carried out by the Pakistani military.[13] In 1998 Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in Ras Koh and in the Kharan desert, both in the Kharan District in north-western Balochistan. After Musharraf’s coup against the Nawaz Sharif Government, the separatist insurgency resurfaced, focusing mainly on attacks on innocent civilians.

Pakistan is endowed with a rich and varied flora and fauna



Markhor of which there are five distinct kinds, is the national animal of Pakistan. The kind that is photographed the most often is the Chiltan Markhor which, because of its long horns looks very conspicuous. Ever since the Markhor has been given protection its number has multiplied.

Other animals in the park are straight horned markhors, “Gad” (wild sheep) and leopards which occasionally migrate to the park from other areas, wolves, striped hyena, hares, wild cats and porcupines.


Many birds like partridge, warblers, shikras, blue rock pigeon, rock nuthatch, red gilled choughs, golden eagle, sparrow, hawks, falcons and bearded vultures are either found here or visit the park in different seasons.


Reptiles like monitor and other wild lizards, geckos, Afghan tortoise, python, cobra, horned viper and levantine may also be seen in the park.


Amongst the flora of the Park are the 225 species of plants. Prominent are the pistachios, juniper, wild olive, wild ash and wild almond. Many shrubs like wild fig, barbery, wild cherry, makhi, etc., provide food and shelter to the foraging animals, birds and other life forms. Medicinal herbs like Ephedra intermadia, gerardiana and nabro (densis) and Artemista (scoparia and martima) are also found in the park. There is a splash of colour in spring when most of the plants are in bloom. Nature lovers, students, scientists and researchers are welcome to visit the park at any time of the year. Permit to visit the park can be obtained from the Divisional Forest Officer, Spinny Road, Quetta

About Faisalabad

Introduction and Location

The district lies from 30 – 35 to 31 – 47’C North latitude and 72 – 01 to 73 – 40°C East longitude. It is bounded in the North by Gujranwala and Sheikhupura Districts, in the East by Sheikhupura and Sahiwal districts, in the south by Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh districts and in the West by Jhang district.

Area and Population

Faisalabad district has an area of 5,856 sq km and a population of 35,47,446 souls. This district consists of six sub-division, the area and population of each sub-division is as under:

  • Faisalabad (City)
  • Faisalabad (Sadar)
  • Chak Jhumra
  • Jaranwala
  • Samundri
  • Tandlianwala

Faisalabad district has been endowed by nature with a rich soil. Aided by an efficient irrigation system, it has earned a name for agricultural productivity. Out of total area of 14,43,703 acres of this district, 11,50,042 acres of land is irrigated through canals.

Faisalabad Clock Tower
Faisalabad Clock Tower

Quick Facts


3.54 Million approx.
5,856 sq. km
No. of Sub-Divisions
Agricultural Land Area
11,50,042 Acres

Rest of the area is either Barani or cultivated through tube-wells.The area irrigated during Kharif 1988 and Rabi 1988-89 was 8,48,349 and 8,11,231 acres respectively.


The climate of the district touches two extremes. The maximum temperature in summer reaches upto 50°C or 122°F. In winter, it may, at times. fall below the freezing point. The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 and 27°C respectively and in winter, 21 and 6°C respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season, on the other hand, starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months.

Mean temperature (°C)

Faisalabad Gumti

Faisalabad Gumti

Manchester of Asia

Large Industrial Units
: 512
Textile Units: 328
Chemical Unit: 92
Engineering Units : 92
House Hold Industries: 12,000
Power Looms: 60,000

Natural Resources

The river Ravi flows on the Eastern and the Chenab on the Western boundary of the district. No other river passes through it. Floods caused by the over flow of Ravi on account of heavy rains in its catchment areas during the Monsoon, are re-current feature. These floods cause extensive damage to crops and villages periodically.

The wild life of this district includes Foxes, Pigs, and Jackals & Wild Cats. Among the birds, Partridge, Pigeon, Dove, Tilliar, Lal Mena, Bias, Parrot, Quail, Pochard, Mallard, Teal, etc. are and in the district.


Faisalabad district is un-parallel for its agricultural productivity. The area grew in importance as the grain belt of the Punjab. Prosperous towns and villages sprung up in the wake of colonization. The Kharif crops are maize, rice, sugarcane and bajra. The Rabi crops are wheat. barley, gram and barseen.

In addition to these, there are also Zaid Kharif and Zaid Rabi crops.Zaid Kharif crops are toria, raiya, sarsoon and Zaid Rabi crop is tobacco. The use of tractors is becoming popular and fast replacing the conventional ploughs. Improved variety of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides have greatly increased per acre yield and with that the prosperity of the peasant community which has toiled for three generations to transform a barren land into verdant fields.

Faisalabad district is famous for its fruit production also. The important fruits are Kinno. Malta, Fruiter, Mango and Guava, Faalsa is also grown. The total area under fruit orchards is 34,517 acres.


Faisalabad city has the distinction of being a seat of world famous Agricultural University and equally renowned Agricultural Research Institute, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) and National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE). Besides the Punjab Medical College there are several other professional Universities and Colleges like Hamadard University Faisalabad Campus, University of Faisalabad, Commerce College, Textile College, Poly Technical College, Superior Science College and many others.


Faisalabad district has made rapid strides in the field of industry after independence. It is now called the “Manchester of Asia” for its extensive development of textile industry. This development has been made possible by the continued efforts of pioneering entrepreneurs as well as workers over a period of four decades. Before independence, there were only five industrial units in Faisalabad City (then Layallpur).

Now, there are dozens of textile mills with other subsidiary units. Roughly, there are 512 large industrial units out of which 328 are Textile units, 92 engineering units and 92 of chemicals and food processing units. Other industries include hosiery, carpet and rugs, nawar and lace, printing and publishing and pharmaceutical products etc. There are also some 12000 house-hold industries, which include some 60000 power loom factories.


There is a network of metalled roads in the district. The headquarter town Faisalabad is connected with its Tehsil headquarters and other major towns of the district.

Faisalabad Bat Ball near Iqbal Stadium
Bat-Ball near Iqbal Stadium


Agricultural University
– Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB)
– Punjab Medical College

It is also connected with the capital of Pakistan and other major cities through the M3 Motroway link via Pindi Bhatian. This link considerably reduce travelling time to other important cities and helps businesses in reaching remote areas of the district.

The district is also connected by following railway lines.

  1. Faisalabad-Gojra-Shorkot-Khanewal Railway Line.
  2. Faisalabad-Chak Jhumra-Sheikhupura-Lahore Railway Line.
  3. Faisalabad-Chak Jhumra-Sargodha Railway Line.
  4. Lahore-Jaranwala-Shorkot Railway Line.

There is a civil airport on Faisalabad Jhang Road, P.I.A. and other private Airlines operate their regular flights for Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi from this airport.

Education in Pakistan

Education in Pakistan has not geared up to the level it is required to be or as compared to other countries in the region. As per a study by the UNESCO, although the overall literacy rate stands at 46 per cent, independent sources and educational experts, however, are sceptical. They place the overall literacy rate at 26 per cent and the rate for girls and women at 12 per cent, contending that the higher figures include people who can handle little more than a signature. There are 163,000 primary schools in Pakistan, of which merely 40,000 cater to girls. Of these, 15,000 are in Punjab Province, 13,000 in Sind, 8,000 in North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) and 4,000 in Balochistan. Similarly, out of a total 14,000 lower secondary schools and 10,000 higher secondary schools, 5,000 and 3,000 respectively are for girls, in the same decreasing proportions as above in the four provinces. There are around 250 girls colleges, and two medical colleges for women in the public sector of 125 districts. Some 7 million girls under 10 go to primary schools, 5.4 million between 10 and 14 attend lower secondary school, and 3 million go to higher secondary schools. About 1.5 million and 0.5 million girls respectively go to higher secondary schools/colleges and universities.

The situation gets worse in rural areas due to social and cultural obstacles. In some places, particularly northern tribal areas, the education of girls is strictly prohibited on religious grounds. The situation is the most critical in NWFP and Balochistan, where the female literacy rate stands between 3 per cent and 8 per cent. Some government organizations and non-governmental organizations have tried to open formal and informal schools in these areas, but the local landlords, even when they have little or nothing to do with religion or religious parties, oppose such measures, apparently out of fear that people who become literate will cease to follow them with blind faith.

The present government  has however taken some very concrete steps to boost education, specially the basic and higher education in the country by establishing the Higher Education Commission under veteran Dr Atta ur Rehman. The Commission has been set up to facilitate the development of the universities of Pakistan to be world-class centres of education, research and development. The Commission is also making concerted efforts to encourage individuals to undertake doctorate studies. Due to liberal policies of the government, recently the trends in education are changing and a large number of educational institutes have come up in the private sector. This includes chain of schools, medical colleges and universities in all major cities of Pakistan. However, standardization of the education system remains a big challenge for the governments, since the basic education rests on two streams, that is the government sponsored schools, where the medium of instruction is in Urdu and the private sector sponsored schools where medium of instruction is English.

The present government has established 987 Community primary schools at Union Council level, along with 5,953 Literacy Centers, 554 Early Childhood Education Centers (ECE), 8,400 Non-formal basic education Community schools. Education has been declared free up to matric level in two provinces and free text books distributed to primary school children throughout the country. Additionally, 441 Technical Workshops established in secondary schools and 6,240 schools have been upgraded through Public-Private Partnerships; 60.7% such schools are for girls. PhD output increased from 60 p.a. to 250 p.a. Seven new IT universities and degree awarding institutes have recently been set up, while two new educational channels launched in June 2004 under Virtual University Endowment Fund of over Rs.1.3 billion set up for public sector engineering universities. Budget for higher education increased from Rs. 800 million to Rs. 9.1 billion.

Difference with Pakistan Standard Time

Difference with Pakistan Standard Time (PST)

Countries Time Hours Countries Time Hours
Abu Dhabi -1 Lebanon -3
Afghanistan -1/2 Libya -3
Albabia -4 Liberia -5
Austria -4 Malavi -3
Algeria -4 Malta -3
Australia +5 Mexico -11
Bahrain -2 Morocco -5
Bangladesh +1 Malaysia +21/2
Belgium -4 Mozambique -3
Barbados -9 Muscat -1
Brazil -8 Nepal +1
Bulgaria -3 Netherland -4
Burma +11/2 New Zealand +7
Canada -10 Norway -4
Cape Verde Island -7 Nigeria -4
Chilli -8 Pakistan PST
China +3 Panama -10
Colombia -10 Paraguay -9
Cuba -10 Peru -10
Cyprus -3 Philippines +3
Costa Rica -1 Poland -4
Czechosiovakia -4 Portugal -5
Denmark -4 Ras-al-Khaima -1
Doha -1 Romania -3
Dubai -2 Saudi Arabia -2
Egypt -3 Somalia -2
Ethiopia -2 Sharjah -1
Fiji +7 Singapore +21/2
Finland -3 South Africa -3
France -4 Spain -4
Germany -4 Sri Lanka +1/2
Ghana -3 Sudan -3
Gibraltar -4 Sweden -4
Greece -3 Switzerland -4
Hungary -4 Syria -3
Hongkong +3 Tanzania -2
Ireland -4 Thailand +2
Iceland -5 Tunisia -4
India +1/2 Turkey -2
Indonesia +2 U.S.A +10
Iran -11/2 Uganda -2
Iraq -2 U.A.E -1
Italy -4 U.K. ( GMT ) -5
Japan +4 U.S.S.R -2
Jordan -3 Venezuela -9
Kenya -2 Zambia -3
Korea ( South ) +4 Zimbabwe -3
Kuwait -2    

Embassies In Pakistan


House No.8,Street 90,G-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2824506-2824505
Fax # (92-51) 2824504


H #107,St.#9,Sector E-7
Ph. # (92-51) 2206632-2206631
Fax # (92-51) 2820912


20 Hill Road,F-6/3,G.P.O.Box 1015
Ph. # (92-51) 2825561-2821242
Fax # (92-51) 2825564


Diplomatic Enclave No.1,Sector G-5/4,P.O.Box: 1046
Ph. # (92-51) 2824345
Fax # (92-51) 2820112


House No.13,1st Street,F-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2279238-2279237
Fax # (92-51) 2828366


Ph. # (92-51) 2279267
Fax # (92-51) 2279266


House No.14,Street 17,F-7/2,P.O.Box:1016
Ph. # (92-51) 2827091-2277753-2821735-2821815
Fax # (92-51) 2822358


1-Kaghan Road,F-8/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2261041-2261003
Fax # (92-51) 2261004


180-G,(New 50)Attaturk Avenue,G-6/3,P.O.Box 1053
Ph. # (92-51) 2279691-2279690
Fax # (92-51) 2823034


Diplomatic Enclave, G-5, Islamabad.

Office hours: (Mon – Thu) 8:00 AM – 4:30 PM, (Fri) 8:00 AM – 12:00 PM

Visa & Consular: 7:30 AM – 11:00 AM

Tel: 2206071-5 2822131-5 2820917 (Visa Settlement) 2820934 (Visit Visa) 2823439

Fax: 2824728 (Visa Sextion) 2279356 (Consular) 2826217 (Commercial)

The British Deputy High Commission,

Shahrah-e-Iran, Clifton, Karachi.
Office hours: (Mon – Thu) 8:00 AM – 4:00 PM, (Fri), 8:00 AM – 12:30 PM
Immigration: (Mon – Thu) 8:30 AM – 12:00 AM
Tel: 587241-6 5874300, 5863534 5862389 (Commercial)
Fax: 5874041, 5862316 5874328 (Immigration)

House No.16,Street-21,F-6/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2823783-2823038-2823859-2823372
Fax # (92-51) 2823138

Plot 6-11,Diplomatic Enclave,Ramna-5,P.O.Box:1483
Ph. # (92-51) 2279197-2279196
Fax # (92-51) 2279195

Diplomatic Enclave,Sector G-5,P.O.Box: 1042

Office hours: (Mon – Thu) 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM, (Friday) 8:00 AM – 12:30 Noon

Tel: 2279100-03, 2279104-06 (Visa), 2279113, 2279111 (Trade)

Fax: 2279110 (General), 2279111 (Trade), 2279113 (Visa)

H.No.11,Street No.19,F-8/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2252426


Diplomatic Enclave,Ramna-4
Ph. # (92-51) 2824786-817279
Fax # (92-51) 2821116


House No.70,Margalla Rd.F-7/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2827662-2827649
Fax # (92-51) 2827645


House No.49,Street No.27,Sector F-6/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2274304
Fax # (92-51) 2825327


House No.9,St.No.90,Ramna 6/3,P.O.Box 1118
Ph. # (92-51) 2824724-2824722
Fax # (92-51) 2823483

Plot Nos.38-51,U.N.Boulevard,Diplomatic Enclave,Ramna 5/4,P.O.Box No.2088
Ph. # (92-51) 2209072
Fax # (92-51) 2279552

House 5,Street 9,Sector F-8/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2253354-2253351-2263670-856697
Fax # (92-51) 2260675

Finland Embassy
House No.11,Street-88,G-6/3,P.O.Box: 1862
Ph. # (92-51) 2822136-2828426-2822318-2828425
Fax # (92-51) 2828427

French Commercial Section
G-5,Diplomatic Enclave,(Corner Constitution Avenue &,University Road)
Ph. # (92-51) 2823896-2823938
Fax # (92-51) 2822240

French Embassy
Constitution Avenue,Diplomatic Enclave-1
Ph. # (92-51) 2206916-2823938
Fax # (92-51) 2822240

German Embassy
Diplomatic Enclave,Ramna-5
Ph. # (92-51) 2279435-2279430-2279431-2279432
Fax # (92-51) 2279436

Ghana Honorary Consulate General
Hill View Plaza,76-E,1st Floor,Jinnah Avenue
Ph. # (92-51) 2277831-2277830
Fax # (92-51) 2525950

Greece (Hellenic Republic Embassy)
H #22,Main Margalla Road,Sector F-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2825186-2822558-2825720
Fax # (92-51) 2825161

Hungary Embassy
H.No.12,Margalla Road,F-6/3,P.O.Box: 1103
Ph. # (92-51) 2823353-2823352
Fax # (92-51) 2825256

Iceland Honorary Consulate General
House 28,Street 1,Shalimar 6/3,P.O.Box:1104
Ph. # (92-51) 2275799-2277912
Fax # (92-51) 2821245

Indian High Commission
G-5,Diplomatic Enclave
Ph. # (92-51) 2272680-2272676-2272679-2272677
Fax # (92-51) 2823386

Indonesia Embassy
Diplomatic Enclave 1,Street 5,Sector G-5/4,P.O.Box: 1019
Ph. # (92-51) 2206659-2206656-2206657-2206658
Fax # (92-51) 2829145

Iran Embassy
Plot #222-238,St.No.2,G-5/1,Diplomatic Enclave
Ph. # (92-51) 2276271-2276270-2276272
Fax # (92-51) 2279582

Iraq Embassy
House 44,F-10/1,Street 27
Ph. # (92-51) 2214571-2214570
Fax # (92-51) 2214572

Jordan Embassy
#131,Street 14,E/7,P.O.Box: 1189
Ph. # (92-51) 2823460-2823459
Fax # (92-51) 2823207

Kazakhstan Embassy
House No.2,Street No.4,F-8/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2262924-2262926
Fax # (92-51) 2262806

Kenya High Commission
House No.10,Street-9,F-7/3,P.O.Box:2097
Ph. # (92-51) 2279542-2279540
Fax # (92-51) 2279541

Korea (Democratic Peoples Republic) Embassy
H.No.9,Street 18,F-8/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2252756
Fax # (92-51) 2252754

Korea (DPR) Commercial Section
House No.441,Street No.11,F-10/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2281167-2294797
Fax # (92-51) 2294797

Kuwait Embassy
No.1,2 & 24,Diplomatic Enclave,University Road,P.O.Box: 1030
Ph. # (92-51) 2279417-2279413-2279414
Fax # (92-51) 2279411

Lebanon Embassy
H.#6,Steet 27,Shalimar 6/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2278338
Fax # (92-51) 2826410

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
12,Margalla Road,F-8/3
Ph. # (92-51) 850188-2254219
Fax # (92-51) 2261459

Malaysia High Commission
House 78,Margalla Road,F-6/2,P.O.Box: 1034
Ph. # (92-51) 2823903-2279570-2206234-819576
Fax # (92-51) 2824761

Mauritius High Commission
House No.27,Street No.26,F-6/2,P.O.Box: 1084
Ph. # (92-51) 2828985-2824657-2824658
Fax # (92-51) 2824656

Morocco Embassy
H.No.6,Gomal Road,E-7,P.O.Box: 1179
Ph. # (92-51) 2829566-2829565
Fax # (92-51) 2822745

Maynmar (Burma) Embassy
House No.12/1,Street No.13,Sector F-7/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2828818-2822460
Fax # (92-51) 2828819

Nepal Royal Embassy
Ph. # (92-51) 2828838-2278051
Fax # (92-51) 2828839

Netherlands Royal Embassy
2nd Floor,PIA Building,Blue Area,P.O.Box: 1065
Ph. # (92-51) 2279511-2279510-2279513-814338
Fax # (92-51) 2279513

Nigeria High Commission
Plot #132-135,Ispahani Road,Diplomatic Enclave No.1,Sector G-5/4
Ph. # (92-51) 2823547-2823542
Fax # (92-51) 2824104

Norwegian Embassy
House 25,St.19,Shalimar 6/2,P.O.Box: 1336
Ph. # (92-51) 2279724-2279720-2279721-2279722
Fax # (92-51) 2279729

Oman Embassy
H.#53,Street 48,F-8/4,P.O.Box:1194
Ph. # (92-51) 2254925-2254869
Fax # (92-51) 2255074

Palestine Embassy
486,Street No.9,F-10/2,P.O.Box:1061
Ph. # (92-51) 2291185
Fax # (92-51) 2294703

Philippines Embassy
House No.8,Street No.60,F-7/4,P.O.Box:1052
Ph. # (92-51) 2824933-2822720
Fax # (92-51) 2277389

Poland Commercial Counselor
H.No.8-B,Embassy Road,F-6/4,P.O.Box: 1162
Ph. # (92-51) 2279495-2826245
Fax # (92-51) 2279496

Poland Embassy
Street No.24,G-5/4,Diplomatic Enclave-II,P.O.Box: 1032
Ph. # (92-51) 2279492-2279491
Fax # (92-51) 2825442

Qatar Embassy
H.#20,Khayaban-e-Iqbal,Sector F-6/3,Margalla Road
Ph. # (92-51) 2826484-2826483
Fax # (92-51) 2820868

Romania Embassy
Ph. # (92-51) 2826515-2826514

Russia Federation Embassy
Khayaban Suharwardy,Diplomatic Enclave,Ramna-4
Ph. # (92-51) 2278671-2278669
Fax # (92-51) 2826552

Saudi Arabia Consular Section
315 & 316 Main Margalla Road,F-10/3
Ph. # (92-51) 854848-2255265
Fax # (92-51) 2241425

Saudi Arabia Royal Embassy
14,Hill Road,F-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2820159-2820156-2820157-2820158
Fax # (92-51) 2248141

Somalia Embassy
House No.21,St.56,F-6/4
Ph. # (92-51) 2279790-2279789

South Africa High Commission
48,Khayaban-e-Iqbal,Sector F-8/2
Ph. # (92-51) 2262356-2262354-2250318-2262355
Fax # (92-51) 2250114

Spain Embassy
Street No.6,Ramna 5,Diplomatic Enclave-1
Ph. # (92-51) 2279482-2279481-2279480
Fax # (92-51) 2279489

Sri Lanka High Commission
House No.2-C,Street No.55,Sector F-6/4
Ph. # (92-51) 2278175-2828723
Fax # (92-51) 2828751

Sudan Embassy
House No.7,Street No.1,G-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2828710-2827068
Fax # (92-51) 2827073

Sweden Embassy
H.No.4,Street-5,Sector F-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2828714-2828712-2828713
Fax # (92-51) 2825284

Syria Embassy
30,Hill Road,F-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2279471-2279470-2824769
Fax # (92-51) 2279472

Thailand Royal Embassy
House No.10,Street 33,F-8/1
Ph. # (92-51) 2280909-2280586-2254697
Fax # (92-51) 2256730

Tunisia Embassy
House No.221,Street 21,E-7
Ph. # (92-51) 2827870-2827869
Fax # (92-51) 2827871

Turkey Embassy
House No.58,Ataturk Avenue,G-6/3
Ph. # (92-51) 2278749-2278748
Fax # (92-51) 2278752

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Ph. # (92-51) 2278067-2278064
Fax # (92-51) 2278065

Turkmenistan Embassy
House No.22-A,Nazimuddin Road,Sector F-7/1
Ph. # (92-51) 2274913-2278699
Fax # (92-51) 2278799

U.A.E Embassy
1-22, Diplomatic Enclave, Quaid-e-Azam University Road, Islamabad.

Web site:
Office hours: (Mon – Thu) 9:00 AM – 3:00 PM, (Friday) 9:00 AM – 12:30 PM
Tel: 2279052-56
Fax: 2279063

Consulate General of the United Arab Emirates,
84-Clifton, Shahrah-e-Iran, Karachi.
Office hours: (Mon – Thu) 9:00 AM – 2:30 PM, (Friday) 9:00 AM – 12:00 PM
Tel: 5873819, 5873820 Fax: 5873487

Uzbekistan Republic Embassy
House No.2,Street No.2,F-8/3,Kohistan Road
Ph. # (92-51) 2264746
Fax # (92-51) 2261739

Yemen Embassy
House No.138,Street No.14,Sector E-7
Ph. # (92-51) 2821147-2821146
Fax # (92-51) 2279567

Yugoslavia Federal Republic Embassy
H.No.14,Street No.87,G-6/3,P.O.Box:1050
Ph. # (92-51) 2829557-2829556
Fax # (92-51) 2820965

Zambia Honorary Consulate General
Pagganwala House,House No.9,St.62,Sec.F-6/3,Embassy Road
Ph. # (92-51) 816795-817565
Fax # (92-51) 2825236