|Introduction and Location
The district lies from 30 – 35 to 31 – 47’C North latitude and 72 – 01 to 73 – 40°C East longitude. It is bounded in the North by Gujranwala and Sheikhupura Districts, in the East by Sheikhupura and Sahiwal districts, in the south by Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh districts and in the West by Jhang district.
Area and Population
Faisalabad district has an area of 5,856 sq km and a population of 35,47,446 souls. This district consists of six sub-division, the area and population of each sub-division is as under:
Faisalabad district has been endowed by nature with a rich soil. Aided by an efficient irrigation system, it has earned a name for agricultural productivity. Out of total area of 14,43,703 acres of this district, 11,50,042 acres of land is irrigated through canals.
Faisalabad Clock Tower
|Rest of the area is either Barani or cultivated through tube-wells.The area irrigated during Kharif 1988 and Rabi 1988-89 was 8,48,349 and 8,11,231 acres respectively.
The climate of the district touches two extremes. The maximum temperature in summer reaches upto 50°C or 122°F. In winter, it may, at times. fall below the freezing point. The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 and 27°C respectively and in winter, 21 and 6°C respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season, on the other hand, starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months.
The river Ravi flows on the Eastern and the Chenab on the Western boundary of the district. No other river passes through it. Floods caused by the over flow of Ravi on account of heavy rains in its catchment areas during the Monsoon, are re-current feature. These floods cause extensive damage to crops and villages periodically.
The wild life of this district includes Foxes, Pigs, and Jackals & Wild Cats. Among the birds, Partridge, Pigeon, Dove, Tilliar, Lal Mena, Bias, Parrot, Quail, Pochard, Mallard, Teal, etc. are and in the district.
Faisalabad district is un-parallel for its agricultural productivity. The area grew in importance as the grain belt of the Punjab. Prosperous towns and villages sprung up in the wake of colonization. The Kharif crops are maize, rice, sugarcane and bajra. The Rabi crops are wheat. barley, gram and barseen.
|In addition to these, there are also Zaid Kharif and Zaid Rabi crops.Zaid Kharif crops are toria, raiya, sarsoon and Zaid Rabi crop is tobacco. The use of tractors is becoming popular and fast replacing the conventional ploughs. Improved variety of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides have greatly increased per acre yield and with that the prosperity of the peasant community which has toiled for three generations to transform a barren land into verdant fields.
Faisalabad district is famous for its fruit production also. The important fruits are Kinno. Malta, Fruiter, Mango and Guava, Faalsa is also grown. The total area under fruit orchards is 34,517 acres.
Faisalabad city has the distinction of being a seat of world famous Agricultural University and equally renowned Agricultural Research Institute, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) and National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE). Besides the Punjab Medical College there are several other professional Universities and Colleges like Hamadard University Faisalabad Campus, University of Faisalabad, Commerce College, Textile College, Poly Technical College, Superior Science College and many others.
Faisalabad district has made rapid strides in the field of industry after independence. It is now called the “Manchester of Asia” for its extensive development of textile industry. This development has been made possible by the continued efforts of pioneering entrepreneurs as well as workers over a period of four decades. Before independence, there were only five industrial units in Faisalabad City (then Layallpur).
Now, there are dozens of textile mills with other subsidiary units. Roughly, there are 512 large industrial units out of which 328 are Textile units, 92 engineering units and 92 of chemicals and food processing units. Other industries include hosiery, carpet and rugs, nawar and lace, printing and publishing and pharmaceutical products etc. There are also some 12000 house-hold industries, which include some 60000 power loom factories.
There is a network of metalled roads in the district. The headquarter town Faisalabad is connected with its Tehsil headquarters and other major towns of the district.
Bat-Ball near Iqbal Stadium
|It is also connected with the capital of Pakistan and other major cities through the M3 Motroway link via Pindi Bhatian. This link considerably reduce travelling time to other important cities and helps businesses in reaching remote areas of the district.
The district is also connected by following railway lines.
There is a civil airport on Faisalabad Jhang Road, P.I.A. and other private Airlines operate their regular flights for Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi from this airport.